ᏐᎯ

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ᏳᎩᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ Hazel
Carya ovata ᏐᎯ ᎤᏍᏗ

ᏐᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎪᏘ.

ᎠᏫᏒᏅ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ[edit]

ᏐᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᎧᏲᏗ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎤᎦᏔ (ᎢᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ ᏔᎵ) ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎠᏐᏴ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ (ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎪᏘ) ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏩᎾᏐᎲᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎾᎵᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ unfused ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎠᏐᏴ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎦᎷᏨ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ pistilᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ ᎦᏙᎩ ovaries (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩ) ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ indehiscent (ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏩᎾᏐᎲᎯ). ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ - ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ - ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ digakohidi-ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ Fagales. ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ; ᎢᎦᏛ (e.g. ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ, alder, hornbeam, wingnut) ᎠᎴ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ (e.g. tanoak) ᎠᎴ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎤᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ.

ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ Fagales

ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

ᏐᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎦᏅᏍᏙᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏐᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ (ᎠᎴ misapplied, ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ viewpoint) ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎦᏔᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏍᏛ. ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎡᏆ, ᎪᎢᎭ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏐᎯ. ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎪᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏘ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ prized ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ. ᎡᏆ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎾᏓᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ, ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᏄᏩᎾᏒᎾ, sprouted, ᎠᎴ roasted ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎠᎴ pressed ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎢ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏣᏅᏙ. ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎥᏓᏘᏁᎸ, ᎣᏍᏛ (ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ) ᎠᎴ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ wildlife. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏜᏴᎦᎠᎴ ᏌᎶᎵᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎫᎴᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᎪᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᏂ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎪᎾ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏓᏂᏲᎱᏍᎦ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎪᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏄᎪᎬ.

Korean ᏃᏥ ᏃᏥ ᎣᏍᏛ - unshelled, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ, ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ; shelled, ᎡᎳᏗᏢ

ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ Ꮎ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏅ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ:

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ: ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ

ᎣᏍᏛ vs. ᎤᎦᏔ[edit]

ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᏐᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ. ᏐᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ. ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎷᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎲᏓ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ. ᏐᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ separated.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏗᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᎠᏂᏐᎢ Ꮎ ᎠᎴ mislabeled ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎦᎪᏘ (ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ ᎤᎦᏔ), drupe (ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ endocarp ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ ᎤᎦᏔ) ᎠᎴ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ (ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᏗᏍᏡᏴ ᏣᏥᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ).

ᏐᎯ allergy[edit]

Allergy ᎣᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏢᏲᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏐᎯ allergy, ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᏐᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ (e.g. ᎠᏲᎵ ᏓᏓᎿᏩᏍᏛ-ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏃ ᏰᎵ ᏐᎯ-ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᎤᎾᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏢᏗ) ᏰᎵᏇ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎤᎲᏲᎵᏍᏗ anaphylactic ᎤᏍᎦᏍᏓᏁᎸ.

Allergy tuya aniladisgiᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ; ᎢᎦᏛ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ Ꮎ tuya aniladisgi allergy ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ tuya aniladisgi ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ; ᎢᏳᏃ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏲᎵ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎩᎳ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ tuya aniladisgi ᎠᏂᎧᎵ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏫᎵ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ tuya aniladisgi ᎨᏒᎢ ᎨᎳ ᎯᎠ ᏒᏙᏂ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ, ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎬᏙᏗ allergies tuya aniladisgi ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ allergic ᏐᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ allergies ᏐᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ allergic tuya aniladisgi. ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ ᎣᏍᏛ, ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ tuya aniladisgi ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎣᏍᏛ, ᎨᏒᎢ "ᏡᎬ ᎣᏍᏛ".

Nutritional ᎤᎭᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ[edit]

ᎠᏟᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎣᏍᏛ

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ epidemiological ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮎ ᏴᏫ ᎦᎪ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ agilyoasdi ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ coronary ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎥᏳᎩ. ᎾᏞᎬ clinical ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ almonds ᎠᎴ ᏎᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᎾ LDL cholesterol ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏁᎵᏒ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ cardioprotective ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ, ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏛ ᏧᏄᏦᏍᏔ ᏌᏆᎦᏘ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᎾᏚᏓᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ hypolipidemic ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ clinical ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ cardioprotective ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ, ᎣᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎡᎳᏗ glycemic ᎠᏩᏛᏗ (Ꭹ). ᏫᏄᎳᏍᏙᏗ, dietitians ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏢᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ insulin ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ 2 diabetes mellitus.

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ nutritional properties ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎢᎭ ᎤᎦᏔ

ᏐᎢ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ "ᏐᎯ" ᎯᎠ ᏐᏈᎵ-ᎤᎾᎩᎾ, (Aesculus hippocastanum), ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ conker. Conkers ᎠᎴ inedible ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏂᏢᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏁᎶᏗᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ conkers, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏐᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ threaded onto ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎤᏂᏆᏖᎾ ᎠᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏓᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ conker ᎾᎥᎢ hitting ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ. ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, Aesculus californica, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏧᏩᎦᏔᏅᏍ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ California ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ itsuwakodi ᎠᎪᏄᎳ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᏋ leached ᎠᎲᏍᏗ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ.

ᎯᎪᏩᏔ ᎾᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]