ᎤᎦᏔ

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?Flax
Common Flax
Common Flax
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: ᎦᎪᏘae
Division: Magnoliophyta
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: Magnoliopsida
ᎣᎸᏙ: Malpighiales
ᏥᏓᎾᎷ: Linaceae
ᎨᏄᏍ: Linum
Species: L. usitatissimum
Binomial name
Linum usitatissimum
Linnaeus.

ᎤᎦᏔ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ Linseed) ᎨᏒᎢ ᎨᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Linum ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Linaceae. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏄᎪᎬ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ Ꮝ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ[citation needed] ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ southwest Asia ᎠᎴ southeastern Europe.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏁᏍᎦᏗ ᎾᏕᏘᏴᎯᏒ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ 120 cm ᎢᏅ ᎢᎦᏘ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎸᏙᎵ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎦᎸᏙᎵ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ, 2-4 cm ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ 3 mm ᎠᏯᏖᎾ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ, 1.5-2.5 cm ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᏍᎩ petals. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏌᏆᎸ, ᎤᎧᏲᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ 5-9 mm ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, ᎢᎦᎢ ᏕᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎦᎶᏂᏗ ᏬᏗᎨ ᎤᎦᏔᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᏒᎦᏔ pip, 4-7 mm ᎦᏅᎯᏓ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ, ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ unspun fibres ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎪᏘ.

ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩ

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ fibre. ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏗᎧᏃᏗ, Ꭺ, ᏅᏬᏘ, ᎠᎾᏑᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎣᎳ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏛᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏬᏚ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏫᏒᏅ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᏂᏥᎸᏍᎩ (ᎤᎪᏗᏗ "ᏌᎪᏂᎨ" ᎠᏂᏥᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯ ᏚᏓᏩᏗᏍᎬ ᎩᎨᏍᏗ), ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᎦᏔ varieties ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᏂᏥᎸᏍᎩ.

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎪᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ linseed ᎪᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎪᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ lyudetiyvda ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ-processed ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ centuries ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎧᏲᏗ ᎪᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ pressed linseed ᎪᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ. ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏔᎵ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ varieties; ᏬᏗᎨ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ). ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᏬᏗᎨ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ consumed ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᏲᏍᏛ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎶᏁᏗ, fibre ᎠᎴ ᏩᎦ ᎨᎳᏍᏙᏗ. ᏬᏗᎨ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏠᏱ nutritional ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏗᎦᏗ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ-ᎤᎾᏓᏕᏒᏓ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏛ ᏧᏄᏦᏍᏔ. ᎯᎠ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ solin ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎪᎢ ᏌᏆᎦᏘ.

ᎤᏴᏢ Dakota ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏅᎠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏁᏝᎾ ᎢᏤ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎤᎵᏍᏛ"[1]. ᎪᎯ ᎢᏤ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᎵᎶᎲᏍᎩ nutty-ᎠᏓᎾᏅ flavour ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏬᏗᎨ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏂᏴᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᎪᎢ.

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ

ᏌᏊ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᏂᏚᎲᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎢᏧᎳ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, yogurt, ᎠᎹ (ᎤᏠᏱ Metamucil), ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᎪᏪᎸ ᎭᏢᏃ nutty flavour ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ.[citation needed] ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎪᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ consumed ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎬᎭᎷᏴ ᎠᎩᏍᏗᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ. ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ atsituga Ꮝ nutritional ᎤᎭᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ lignanᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏛ ᏧᏄᏦᏍᏔ. LignanᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ anti-ᎠᏓᏰᏍᎩ properties. ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᎳᏗ-ᎠᏣᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎧᏁᏉᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᎩ cholesterol, ᎩᎬ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ plaque ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ arteries. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ, ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎪᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ galactagogue.

ᏎᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎾᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ ᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ iyuwakodi ᎤᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎪᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭᎢ ᎪᎢᎭ ᎠᏣᏗ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏣᏗ ᎠᎴ digakohidi ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ-3 ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ). ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏚᏱᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ flavour.

ᎤᎦᏔ fibre[edit]

ᎤᎦᏔ fibres ᎠᎴ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ lyudetiyvda fibre ᏠᎨᏏ ᎠᏫᏒᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎡᎪᎢ ᎦᏐᎯ 5000 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᏗᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏂᏌᎲ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᏓᏐᏴ ᎾᎾᎢ Thebes ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ digakohidi. ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ fibre ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Europe ᏕᎪᏪᎸ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-ᎶᎻ itsuwakodi. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ, ᎤᎦᏔ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎤᏂᏙᏓ. ᎾᏊ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ USA ᎠᎴ Canada ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ linseed ᎪᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ.

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ ᏓᏓᎿᏩᏍᏛ-ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ, ᎠᎾᏓᏎᎮᎲᎢ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ underlying ᏂᎦᏛ. Ep = ᎠᏰᎵ; C = ᎠᏰᎵ; BF = bast fibres; P = phloem; X = xylem; ᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎬᎢ = ᎢᎦᏛ

ᎤᎦᏔ fibre ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ bast ᎠᎴ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎪᏘ. ᎤᎦᏔ fibre ᎨᏒᎢ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ, ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏂᎨ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏭᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎤᏥᎸ fibre ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᏗᏓᏁᏍᎩ. ᎯᎠ ᎣᎯᏍᏗ ᏓᏲᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎩᎦᎨ, ᎠᎦᏖᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎬᎯᏓ. Coarser ᏓᏲᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᎴ ᏍᏕᏱᏛ. ᎤᎦᏔ fibre ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏄᏩᎾᏒᎾ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ-ᎢᎦ ᎣᏏ Ꭺ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎴᏯᏔᏅᎯ banknoteᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᏆᎴᏍᎬ Ꭺ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᏪᎵᏗᎪᏢ ᏗᎪᎦᏍᏗ.

ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ fibre ᎤᎦᏔ-ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ USSR, Poland, France, Belgium, Ireland, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Czech ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᏙᎯᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏗᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏛᎩ ᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏕᎨᏒᎢ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ. ᎦᎨᏛ ᎦᏓᏆᎵᎠᎴ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎦᏙᎯly ᎠᎴ ᎤᎧᏲᏗ ᎾᏳy ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ.[citation needed]

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ harvested ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ fibre ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᏙᎢ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ fibre ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏌᏁᏒ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏰᎳᏍᏗ), ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ maximise ᎯᎠ fibre ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ. ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᏫᏒ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏩᏗᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏚᎳᏍᏙᏗ (retting) ᎤᎪᏒ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ. Retting ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ 7-12 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ, ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ.

ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲ ᎤᏩᎾᏒ ᎤᏛᏒ iyuwakodi ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᏍᏡᏴ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ harvested ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ harvester ᎠᎴ ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ.

ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ uniyatolv ᎾᎾᎯ ᏔᎵ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ: ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎶᎩᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ-grower, ᎠᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏰᎵ ᎢᎩᏛ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏂᏚᏰᎸᏛᎢ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏦᎢ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ: ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ atsinuqowisgv ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏓᎵᏆᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ separating ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ fibre, ᎠᎴ ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ separating ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎠᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ fibre. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎶᎩᏍᎩ ᏫᎵ ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎠᎦᏔᏙᎾᏗ atsinuqowisgv ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᏍᏙᏍᎩᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ, ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᎡᎵᏉ.

ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏂᎥᎥᏍᎩ ᎠᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏬᏌᏂᏴ ᏂᏚᏰᎸᏛᎢ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏖᎾ, ᏗᎦᎾᏗᏫᏍᏗ, ᎩᎦᎨ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏌᏂ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎤᏁᎬ. ᎪᎯ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ refining ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ.

ᎯᎠ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎾᏍᏋ nadvndhvgi ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎦ:

ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᏇᏅᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎷᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏠᎨᏏ ᎠᎴ ᏕᎦᏒᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᏚᏂᏴᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᏩᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂᏟ ᎠᎴ ᏍᏆᎳ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏛ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᎾᏍᏗ; ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎫᎭᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎠᏏᏁᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ, ᎬᎾᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ, iyuwakodi ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ threshed atsinuqowisgv.

ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎧᎵ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢᏁ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᏰᏌᏛ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏍᏕᏢ-ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ; ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏩᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ beater ᎯᎠ ᏓᎵᏆᎵᏍᎬ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᏂᎳ ᎩᎳ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏅᎩ ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ, ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ; ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎲᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᏰᏌᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎬᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎩᎳ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ separated ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ fibre, ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏍᏆᎳ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏍᏆᎳ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ.[citation needed] ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᎦᏔᎲᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏥᏠᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᏋ wrapped ᎦᏌᏆᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᏰᏌᏛ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏍᏕᏢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᏠᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎩᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ separated, ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏥᏠᏒ.

Trivia[edit]

File:Logo of the Northern Ireland Assembly.gif
ᎯᎠ logo ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Ireland ᏓᏂᎳᏫᎥ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ flowered ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎪᏘ.
  • ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩ Belarus.
  • ᎤᎦᏔ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎧᏁᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Ireland ᏓᏂᎳᏫᎥ.
  • ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ UK ᏌᏊ ᏑᏓᎨᏓ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Ireland ᎾᎿ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ minted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1986 ᎠᎴ 1991.
  • ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎩᎵᏏ, ᎠᏍᎪᎸᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᎾᏓᎪᎾᏛᏗᏍᎬ" ᎠᎴ "flaxen".
  • ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 1930s ᎠᏍᏚᏙᏗ ᎣᏓᎼᏈᎵ ᎠᎦᎾᏩᏗᏍᎩ ᎬᎫᏍᎬ.

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]