ᎠᏥᎾ

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?ᎠᏥᎾ
A cedar in a French garden
A cedar in a French garden
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: ᎦᎪᏘae
Division: Pinophyta
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: Pinopsida
ᎣᎸᏙ: Pinales
ᏥᏓᎾᎷ: Pinaceae
ᎨᏄᏍ: Cedrus
Duham.
Species

Cedrus deodara
Cedrus libani
  C. libani var. libani
  C. libani var. stenocoma
  C. libani var. brevifolia
  C. libani var. atlantica

ᎠᏥᎾ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅᎯ ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏡᎬᎤᎾᏙᏣᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Cedrus ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ coniferous ᎦᎪᏘ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Pinaceae. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᎢ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎠᏓ(Abies), sharing ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏓᎸᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ Himalaya ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ 1,500-3200 m ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Himalaya ᎠᎴ 1,000-2,200 m ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ.

ᎧᏁᏍᎦ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏥᎾ

ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏕᏡᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ 40-50 m (ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭᏊ 60 m) ᎢᏅ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ-ᎠᏜ ᎦᏩᏒᎩ ᎠᏓ, ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ridged ᎠᎴ ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ-ᎤᏁᏍᏝ ᎤᏯᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ, ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᏚᏩᏂᎦᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ dimorphic, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏩᏂᎦᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ. ᎯᎠ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏌᏆᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏴᎩ-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ, 8-60 mm ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᏌᏊ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᏓᏍᏟᏁᎦ phyllotaxis ᎾᎿ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᏓᏍᏟᏁᎦ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎾᎿ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ; ᎤᏅᏌ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᎧᏁᏍᎦ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏗᏳ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎠᏜ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏓᏣᏁᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᎴ ᏒᏙᏂ-ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ, 6-12 cm ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, ᎠᎴ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Abies, ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏩᎾᏐᎲᎯ ᏣᏥᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎤᎦᏔ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎴ 10-15 mm ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, ᎬᏙᏗ 20-30 mm ᎪᏯᏛ; ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Abies, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎤᎭ 2-3 ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎯ, ᎢᎦᎢ ᏕᎨᏒᎢ ᏧᎾᏦᏯᏍᏗ-ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᏁᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᏋ defence ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏌᎶᎵ predation. ᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ ᏌᏊ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎬᏙᏗ pollination ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ-ᏚᏂᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ maturing ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ iyuwakodi ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ. ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ digakohidi ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎵe ᎢᎦᏛ Lepidoptera ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏃᏥ Processionary ᎠᎴ ᏓᏆᏌᏅ ᏩᏐᎳ (ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ Deodar ᎠᏥᎾ).

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᏍᎩ taxa Cedrus, ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ taxonomic ᏃᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᏔᎵ ᏅᎩ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ:

  • Deodar ᎠᏥᎾ Cedrus deodara. ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ Himalaya. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 25-60 mm; ᏒᏙᏂ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ridged ᏄᏓᎨᏒ.
  • Lebanon ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎾ Lebanon Cedrus libani. ᏙᏓᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎬᎾ ᎠᎴ Lebanon ᏭᏕᎵᎬ Morocco. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 8-25 mm; ᏒᏙᏂ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ; ᏅᎩ varieties, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᏃᏪᎵᏍᎩ:
    • Lebanon ᎠᏥᎾ Cedrus libani var. libani ᏙᏓᎸ Lebanon, ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ Syria ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ-ᎠᏰᎵ ᎬᎾ. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 10-25 mm.
    • Turkish ᎠᏥᎾ Cedrus libani var. stenocoma ᏙᏓᎸ southwest ᎬᎾ. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 8-25 mm.
    • Cyprus ᎠᏥᎾ Cedrus libani var. brevifolia ᎠᎴ Cedrus brevifolia. ᏙᏓᎸ Cyprus. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 8-20 mm.
    • ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏥᎾ Cedrus libani var. atlantica ᎠᎴ Cedrus atlantica. ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏙᏓᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Morocco & Algeria. ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, 10-25 mm.
ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᏄᏚᎳᏛᎾ

ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᏚᏙᎥ Cedrus ᎨᏒᎢ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎪᎢ ᏚᏙᎥ, 'kedros'. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ-ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏐᎢ ᏕᏡᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᏩᏒᎩ ᎠᏓ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ genera Calocedrus ("ᎪᏛᏙᏗ-ᎠᏥᎾ"), Chamaecyparis ᎠᎴ Thuja ("whitecedar", "ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ Redcedar"), Cryptomeria (Japanese ᎠᏥᎾ"), ᎠᎴ Juniperus ("ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ Redcedar", "ᎣᏓᎸ-ᎠᏥᎾ") ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Cupressaceae; Cedrela ("Spanish-ᎠᏥᎾ") ᎠᎴ Toona ("Australian Redcedar") ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Meliaceae; ᎠᎴ Tamarix ("Saltcedar") ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Tamaricaceae.

ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎦᏩᏒᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ colour ᎠᎴ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ

ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᎤᏬᏚ ᏕᏡᎬ, ᏂᎬᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮᎭᏢᏃ ᎪᎳ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ -25 °C (ᎯᎠ Turkish ᎠᏥᎾ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ hardier, -30 °C ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ (ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ-ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ) ᎦᏩᏒᎩ ᎠᏓ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ lyudetiyvda' ᏧᏂᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏥᎷᏏᎳᎻ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Hiram, ᎠᎴ Ahiram, ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, Lebanon, ca 1,000 BC. ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎾ ᎪᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎦᏙᎬ ᏩᏐᎳ[1]. ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ reforestation ᎠᏥᎾ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ atsinuqowisgv ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎬᎾ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 50 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᏥᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎦᎧᏅ ᎾᏕᏘᏴᎯᏒ.

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

  • Arboretum de Villardebelle - cone photos (ᎪᏪᎸ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎤᏆᏓᏛ)
  • Arboretum de Villardebelle - Turkey ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ Cedrus libani var. stenocoma ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏯᏔᎯ
  • Gymnosperm Database - Cedrus
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M., & ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, G. (eds.), (1984). Med-Checklist – ᎤᏓᏚᎯᏌᏘ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ digakohidi ᎯᎠ circum-ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ.
  • ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ dispersal ᎠᏥᎾ ᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᏔ. ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ Dendrology ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ 1993: 43-46 (1994).
  • Güner, Özhatay, N., Ekim, T., ᎠᎴ Başer, K. H. C. (ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ.). 2000. ᎦᎪᏘ ᎬᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎧᎸᎬ Aegean ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎹᏰᎵ 11 (ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏌᏅᎯ 2): 5-6. Edinburgh ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ. ISBN 0-7486-1409-5.