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Unicode ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᎠᎴ manipulated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎡᎵᏍ. ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏩᎾᏓᎴᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, Unicode ᎤᎾᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ, encoding methodology ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encoding, ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ, ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ properties ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎡᎵᏍ ᎠᏝᎥᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ normalization, ᎠᎽᏰᎵ, ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ.

ᎯᎠ Unicode Consortium, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎪᏢᏔᏅ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ Ꮎ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Unicode ᎤᏤᎵ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ, ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎦᎵᏴᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ replacing ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encoding ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ Unicode ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ Unicode ᏧᎾᏍᏗ Format (UTF) ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ multilingual ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. Unicode ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ ᎾᎾᎢ unifying ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏗᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ Ꮝ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ internationalization ᎠᎴ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎵᏍ software. ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ implemented ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᏞᎬ technologies, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ XML, ᎯᎠ Java programming ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ.

ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ[edit]

Unicode ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎠᎵᏐᏍᏛ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encoding, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ISO 8859 ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲ ᎡᏆᏯ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encodings ᎠᏓᏲᏔᎡᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎵᏍ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ (ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎶᎻ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ), ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ multilingual ᎡᎵᏍ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ (ᎡᎵᏍ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ).

Unicode, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ, encodes ᎯᎠ underlying ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗgrapheme ᎠᎴ grapheme-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᏌᏊᎭ — ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ variant glyph(ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ) ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎪᎯ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ controversies ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎯᎠ underlying ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Ꮝ variant glyphs (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ).

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ, Unicode ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎳᏍᎬ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ — ᏎᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ glyph — ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ, Unicode ᎾᏓᏛᏁ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏓᎶᏙᏗ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ (ᏂᎬᎢ, ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ, ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏣᏅᏗ) ᏐᎢ software, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᏏᎳᏛ browser ᎠᎴ ᎧᏁᏨ processor. ᎪᎯ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎵᏐᏍᏛ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎡᎵᏒᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ Unicode ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅᏍᎩ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎬᏗ ᎠᏓᎦᎳᏍᏓᏗᏍᏛ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ Unicode.

ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ 256 ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏘ ISO 8859-1, ᎪᏢᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎧᏛ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ. ᎠᏟᎶᎥ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ encoded ᏎᏍᏗ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ encodings ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ encodings Unicode (ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ) ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏓᏲᎱᏎᎲ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎯᎠ "fullwidth ᎤᏙᏢᏒ" ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ encompasses ᎧᎵ ᎳᏗᎾ ᏗᎦᎶᏆᏍᏙ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎳᏗᎾ ᏗᎦᎶᏆᏍᏙ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ, ᏣᏩᏂᏏ, ᎠᎴ Korean (CJK) ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ CJK ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏐᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ Unicode ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ combining ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ precomposed ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ/diacritic ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ encodings simpler ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ Unicode ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᏂ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ format ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ combining ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ é ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Template:U (ᎳᏗᎾ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ e) ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ Ꭴ+0301 (combining ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ) ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ precomposed ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ Ꭴ+00E9 (ᎳᏗᎾ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ e ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ).

ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ properties, ᏓᎵᏍᏛ normalisation ᏚᏙᏢᏒ, ᎠᎴ bidirectional ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏕᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ--ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎡᎳᏈᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ--ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ).

ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎫᏝᎢ[edit]

Unicode ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ (ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ) ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ:

Template:Col-3

Unicode ᎤᎭ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏫᎵ ᎫᏢᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏂᏚᏰᎸᏛᎢ:

ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏳᎳ-encoded ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᎬᏩᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏓᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᎴ rhythmic ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ), ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ. ᎯᎠ Unicode Roadmap ᏠᎨᏏ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎩᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎦᏛᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏍᏆᎳ ᏗᏍᏆᎵᏛ. ᎦᎾᎬᎢ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏣᎦᏓᏂᎸᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎦᎷᎶᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ-ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏗᏒᎯᎯ Unicode ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ, ᎨᎳᏛᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎢ-ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵᏓ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ. ᎤᏠᏱ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ lyudetiyvda ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ variants ᎠᎴ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode ᎠᎴ encoded ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ lyudetiyvda Unicode ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ.

Mapping ᎠᎴ encodings[edit]

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ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ[edit]

ᎯᎠ Unicode Consortium, ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ California, ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ. ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏛᏅᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᎫᏴᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎬ ᏚᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᏕᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ. ᎠᏁᎳ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎡᎵᏍ software ᎠᎴ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᏚᎾᏓᏡᎬᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏁᏉᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ-ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏒᎦᏔ (Apple) ᎡᎵᏍ, Microsoft, IBM, Xerox, HP, Adobe ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ.

ᎯᎠ Consortium ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ (ISBN 0-321-18578-1) ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1991, ᎠᎴ ᏫᎬᎵᏱᎴᎩ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ Ꮎ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ. Unicode ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Standardization, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏒ Ꮝ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ISO/IEC 10646: ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏩᎾᏓᎴᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ. Unicode ᎠᎴ ISO/IEC 10646 ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encodings, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ implementers, ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ — ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ — ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ bitwise encoding, ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ. ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ properties, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ bidirectional ᏓᎵᏍᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ terminology.

Unicode ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ[edit]

Template:CT-16 width="0*" | ᏚᏂᏃᏗ 1991 Template:CT-15 width="0*" | Unicode 1.0 ISBN 0-201-56788-1.
Template:CT-16 | ᏕᎭᎷᏱ 1992 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 1.0.1 ISBN 0-201-60845-6.
Template:CT-16 | ᏕᎭᎷᏱ 1993 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 1.1 Previous 2 Publications, and, Unicode Technical Report #4:The Unicode Standard, Version 1.1 by Mark Davis.
Template:CT-16 | ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 1996 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 2.0 ISBN 0-201-48345-9.
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 1998 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 2.1  
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 1998 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 2.1.2 Previous 3 Publications, and, Unicode Technical Report #8, The Unicode Standard, Version 2.1 by Lisa Moore.
Template:CT-16 | ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 1999 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 3.0 Covered 16-bit UCS Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) from ISO 10646-1:2000. ISBN 0-201-61633-5.
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2001 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 3.1 Introduced Supplemental Planes from ISO 10646-2, providing supplementary characters
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2002 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 3.2  
Template:CT-16 | ᎫᏬᏂ 2003 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 4.0 ISBN 0-321-18578-1.
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2004 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 4.0.1  
Template:CT-16 | ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2005 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 4.1  
Template:CT-16 | ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 2006 Template:CT-15 | Unicode 5.0 Template:CT-12 | (The character database, aka. UCD, published on [ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 18, but the book, The Unicode Standard, Version 5.0, expected to be released in fourth quarter of 2006. ISBN 0-321-48091-0.)

ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ, ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ[edit]

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎢᏅ, Unicode ᎤᎭ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ; ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎤᏣᏘ software ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏅᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎬᏙᏗ 8-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encodings ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ, ᎬᏙᏗ Unicode ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎷᏍᎦᏃᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎤᏠᏱ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏓᏛᏁᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ Asia, ᎯᎠ ASCII ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᏔᎵ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏘ-byte ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encodings ᏝᏰᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎵᏴ encode ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 32,768 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎠᏓᏁᏤᏗ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ. ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎸᏗ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏩᏒ.

ᎯᎠ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ 8-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ software ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᏤᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 8 ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 256 ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ. ᏓᎳᏚ-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ software ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. Unicode, ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎤᎭ ᎦᏳᎳ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 100,000 encoded ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ Unicode; ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ implementers ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ, ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ, ᎠᎴ interoperability ᎬᏙᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ.

Unicode ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏔᎵ mapping ᎢᏗᎬᎾᏗ:

ᎯᎠ encodings ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ:

  • UTF-7 — ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ 7-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ encoding, ᏧᎾᏙᎳᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏗᏅᏓ
  • UTF-8 — 8-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ, ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ encoding, ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᎬᏙᏗ ASCII.
  • UCS-2 — 16-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ, ᎣᏍᏛ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ encoding Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ BMP
  • UTF-16 — 16-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ, ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ encoding
  • UCS-4 ᎠᎴ UTF-32 — ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏠᏱ 32-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ encodings
  • UTF-EBCDIC — encoding ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ EBCDIC ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ mainframe ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ

ᎯᎠ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎯᎠ encodings ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ UTF encodings) ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ bytes ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ UCS) encodings.

UTF-8 ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᏅᎩ bytes ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᎴ, ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎳᏗᎾ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ) ᎠᎴ ASCII-ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ, ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ facto ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ encoding ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅᎯ Unicode ᏓᎵᏍᏛ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᏞᎬ Linux ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ encodings ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏱᏙᎲ.

UTF-16, ᎾᎯᏳ ᏯᏛᎿ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ 16 ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ — ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ UCS-2 — ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ 32, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ APIs. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ (ᎤᏅᏌ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ Unicode ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ UCS-2 ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎠᎴ interface ᎬᏙᏗ ᏐᎢ APIs Ꮎ ᎬᏙᏗ UTF-16). UTF-16 ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ format ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ API (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ yli iyulistanv ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏄᎸᎲᏍᎩ) ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ Java ᎠᎴ .ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅ bytecode ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ.

UCS-2 ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏗᏅᏓ, 16-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ encoding ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ Multilingual ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ Multilingual ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ UCS-2 ᎠᎴ UTF-16 ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏱ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ implementation ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ encoding. ᎯᎠ UCS-2 ᎠᎴ UTF-16 encodings ᏗᎪᏍᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ Unicode Byte ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ (BOM) ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏓᏝᎥᎢ. ᎢᎦᏛ software developers ᎤᎭ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏐᎢ encodings, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ UTF-8, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ byte ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏝᎥᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏕᎨᏒᎢ Unicode ᏓᎵᏍᏛ. ᎯᎠ BOM, ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ Ꭴ+FEFF ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ unambiguity, ᎾᎪᎲᎾ ᎯᎠ Unicode encoding ᎬᏔᏅᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊᎭ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ FF ᎥᏝ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ UTF-8; Ꭴ+FFFE (ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ byte-swapping Ꭴ+FEFF) ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎧᎵᏗᎳᏏᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎠᎴ Ꭴ+FEFF ᏩᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏭᎶᏒᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᏜ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ Ꮭ-ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ (ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ Ꮭ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ). ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ UTF-8 ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ byte ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ EF BB BF.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ UTF-32 ᎠᎴ UCS-4, ᏌᏊ 32-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ endianness, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ varies ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏗᎳᏏᏙ, ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ octet (byte) ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᎢ. UCS-4 ᎠᎴ UTF-32 ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ, ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ Ꮭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 21 ᎯᎠ 32 ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ allocated ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ kanquotsegi ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ programming ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ implementations ᎬᏙᏗ UCS-4 ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ encoded ᏓᎵᏍᏛ.

Punycode, ᏄᏓᎴ encoding ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᏰᎵ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ encoding Unicode ᏗᎨᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ASCII-ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ encoding ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ IDNA, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ enabling ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ Internationalized ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎾᎥᎢ Unicode.

GB18030 ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏓᎴ encoding ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Unicode, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ Standardization ᏄᏂᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ (PRC).

ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏃᏅ-ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ[edit]

Unicode ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏍᏆᎳ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏰᎵ ᎡᏆᏯ ᏫᎧᏁᏉᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ glyph ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ. ᎪᎯ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ combining ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎩᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᏂᎧᏅᏍᎬ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ (ᏌᏊ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏕᎦᏒᏛ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ combining diacritics ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ). ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ, Unicode ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ encoding ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᏗᏓᏅᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᎯ, Unicode ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎯᎠ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ.

ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎪᎯ ᏗᎶᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ Hangul, ᎯᎠ Korean ᏗᎦᎶᏆᏍᏙ. Unicode ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎯᎠ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎬᎢ Hangul ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ subcomponents, ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Hangul Jamo. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᏂᎦᏛ 11,172 ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ precomposed Hangul ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ.

ᎯᎠ CJK ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎾᏊ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ precomposed ᎤᏙᏢᏒ. ᏙᎢ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ simpler ᎢᏧᏓᎴᎩ (ᎤᏓᏣᏙᏗ), ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎵᏴ Unicode ᏰᎵᏇ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ Hangul. ᎪᎯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏰᎵ ᎡᏆᏯ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ (ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ). ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ input ᎢᎬᎾᏗ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Cangjie ᎠᎴ Wubi. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ encoding ᎤᎭ stumbled ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ.

ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᏓᏣᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode 3.0 (CJK ᎤᏓᏣᏙᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ Ꭴ+2E80 ᎠᎴ Ꭴ+2EFF, KangXi ᎤᏓᏣᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꭴ+2F00 Ꭴ+2FDF, ᎠᎴ ideographic ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Ꭴ+2FF0 Ꭴ+2FFB), ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ (ch. 11.1 Unicode 4.1) ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏎᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ideographic ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗᎭ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ encoded ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ:

ᎪᎯ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏰᎯ encoding ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ unencoded ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ; ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ semantic ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ; ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ. Conceptually, ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏚᎾᏓᏚᏓᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ, “an ‘e’ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎬᏁᏗ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎾᏍᎩ,” ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ <Ꭴ+006E, Ꭴ+0301>.

ᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎡᎳᏈᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Hindi, ᎤᎭ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ orthographic ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ letterforms ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ, ᎠᏂᏁᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ-shaping technologies ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ OpenType (ᎾᎥᎢ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ Microsoft), Graphite (ᎾᎥᎢ SIL ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ), ᎠᎴ AAT (ᎾᎥᎢ ᏒᎦᏔ). ᏗᎾᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ embedded ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏚᎵᏃᎮᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ simpler ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ placement combining ᏚᏙᏪᎸᎢ ᎠᎴ diacritics, ᎣᏍᏛ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ-ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᎾᏢᏗ ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "sidebearing" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᏚᏙᏪᎸᎢ preceed ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ letterform ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ datastream ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ software ᎠᎦᏔᎭ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᏪᎸᎢ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏭᎵᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ.Template:Citationneeded ᎪᎯ ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ diacritics, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᏄᎸᏅ ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᎫᎭᎸ stacked ᏚᏙᏪᎸᎢ.

ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 2004, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ software ᏙᎢ ᏝᏰᎵ reliably ᎫᎭᎸ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎨᎦᏃᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ formats, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ combining ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅᎯ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, Template:Unicode (precomposed e ᎬᏙᏗ macron ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ) ᎠᎴ Template:Unicode (e ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ combining macron ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ combining ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ) ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏄᎾᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ, ᎢᏧᎳ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎬᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ e ᎬᏙᏗ macron ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎬᏁᏗ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ, ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎯ ᏰᎵ ᎡᏆᏯ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ software ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ. ᎤᏠᏱ, underdot, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ romanization Indic, ᏫᎵ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎾᏍᏋ nanahwunvgi ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ workaround, Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ Ꮎ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ precomposed glyphs ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎤᏓᏘᏰᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ weaknesses Unicode ᎤᏩᏌᏊ.

Unicode ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎬᏙᏗ[edit]

ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

Unicode ᎤᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎭᏫᏂ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎠᏟᎶᎥ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏙᎢ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ encodings) ᏓᎵᏍᏛ. ᎢᎬᏱ adopters tended ᎬᏙᏗ UCS-2 ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ UTF-16 (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ disruptive ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ-bmp ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ). ᎯᎠ ᎣᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ NT (ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᎠᏂᏁᏉᎬ, ᏗᏦᎳᏅ 2000 ᎠᎴ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ XP). ᎯᎠ Java ᎠᎴ .ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅ bytecode ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ.

UTF-8 (ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ 9) ᎤᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ encoding ᎾᎿ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ Unix-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ libraries) ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎧᏁᏉᏛ ASCII ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏗᏫᏒᏗ.

E-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ[edit]

Main article: Unicode and e-mail

ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏔᎵ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ encoding ᎬᏙᏗ-ASCII ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ, ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ:" ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎥᏓᏘᏃᎯᏎᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ identified ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ encoding. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ Unicode ᎯᎠ UTF-8 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Base64 ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ encoding ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅ. ᎯᎠ ᏂᏕᎬᎿᏅᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎬᏍᎦᎸ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ software.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ Unicode ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏍᎦᏃᎳ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎧᎸᎬ-Asian ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏙᎢ encoded ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎥᎢ encoding ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ-JIS, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ ᎢᏗᏛᏁᏗ ᏙᎢ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎫᎭᎸ Unicode ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅᎯ, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ. ᎪᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ utugi uwasv ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ foreseeable ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ.

ᎤᏂᏏᎳᏛ[edit]

Main article: Unicode and HTML

ᎤᏂᏏᎳᏛ browsers ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ UTFs, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ UTF-8, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᏊ. ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎠᏯᏙᎯᎲ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎧᎾᏁᏍ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎤᏃᎮᎴᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ ᎠᏂ.

ᏂᎦᏛ W3C ᏗᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ Unicode ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᏪᎵᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ, ᎯᎠ encoding ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ, ᎢᏳᏊ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ HTML 4.0. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ 8-ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ASCII superset ISO-8859-1, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎴ encoding ᎤᏓᎷᎸ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ, ᎢᏧᎳ HTML 4 ᎠᎴ XML (ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ XHTML) ᎪᏪᎵᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎯ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ, ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ :

  • ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ C0 ᎠᎴ C1 ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ
  • ᎯᎠ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ-unassigned ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ D800–DFFF
  • ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᎵᏍᏆᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ FFFE ᎠᎴ FFFF
  • ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ 10FFFF.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ byteᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎪᏪᎵᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ encoding, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ encoding ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎠᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ numeric ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ.

ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎯᎠ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ Δ, Й, ק, م, , , , , ᎠᎴ (ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ numeric ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᎢ ᎢᏳᏂᏪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ hexadecimal, ᎬᏙᏗ &#x ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏭᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴ) ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᎿ browsers ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Δ, Й, ק,‎ م, ๗, あ, 叶, 葉 ᎠᎴ 냻. ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᎦᏔ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ "ᎦᏙᎯ", ᏲᏂᎢ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ "ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎠᏯ", ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ "Qof", ᎡᎳᏈᎩ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ "Meem", Thai ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏎᏍᏗ 7, ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ Hiragana "", simplified ᏓᎶᏂᎨ (ᎠᎯᏗᎨ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ "ᎤᎦᎶᎬ", ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ "ᎤᎦᎶᎬ", ᎠᎴ Korean ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ Hangul ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ "Nyaelh", ᎨᏥᎸᏉᏗᏳ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ HTTP ᎾᏓᏪᏎᎲ, URLs ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏃᏍᏛ-encoded, ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ UTF-8 encoding ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ Unicode.

ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ[edit]

ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ Unicode ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎢᎬᏱ TrueType ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ OpenType ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ Unicode. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ formats ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ glyphs.

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎳᎨᎢᏍᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏔᎳᏚ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ — ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ-Unicode" ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ — ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ Unicode ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ. ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, Unicode-ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ASCII ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ. ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎧᎵᏬ ᏗᎳᏏᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ: ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏪᎵᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎯ ᎢᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏌᏊ ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ; ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏔᏲᏍᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᎷᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ computing ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ; ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ ᎧᏂᏉᏤᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎾᎬᏁᎲ glyph ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏓᏝᎥᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ. ᎤᏗᏗᏢᎢᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏗᎾᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ glyphs ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ monumental ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎲ; ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᏓᏂᎶᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᎷᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ typefaces.

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Unicode ᎠᎴ standardized: Microsoft ᏗᏦᎳᏅ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ NT 4.0 ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ WGL-4 ᎬᏙᏗ 652 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᎵᎪᏁᏗ European ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎳᏗᎾ, ᎠᎪᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏲᏂᎢ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ. ᏐᎢ standardized ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Unicode ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ MES-1 (335 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ) ᎠᎴ MES-2 (1062 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ) (CWA 13873:2000, Multilingual European ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ISO/IEC 10646-1).

WGL-4, MES-1[1] and MES-2[2]
Row Cells Range(s)
00 20–7E Basic Latin (00–7F)
A0–FF Latin-1 Supplement (80–FF)
01 00–13, 14–15, 16–2B, 2C–2D, 2E–4D, 4E–4F, 50–7E, 7F Latin Extended-A (00–7F)
8F, 92, B7, DE-EF, FA–FF Latin Extended-B (80–FF )
02 18–1B, 1E–1F Latin Extended-B ( 00–4F)
59, 7C, 92 IPA Extensions (50–AF)
BB–BD, C6, C7, C9, D6, D8–DB, DC, DD, DF, EE Spacing Modifier Letters (B0–FF)
03 74–75, 7A, 7E, 84–8A, 8C, 8E–A1, A3–CE, D7, DA–E1 Greek (70–FF)
04 00, 01–0C, 0D, 0E–4F, 50, 51–5C, 5D, 5E–5F, 90–91, 92–C4, C7–C8, CB–CC, D0–EB, EE–F5, F8–F9 Cyrillic (00–FF)
1E 02–03, 0A–0B, 1E–1F, 40–41, 56–57, 60–61, 6A–6B, 80–85, 9B, F2–F3 Latin Extended Additional (00–FF)
1F 00–15, 18–1D, 20–45, 48–4D, 50–57, 59, 5B, 5D, 5F–7D, 80–B4, B6–C4, C6–D3, D6–DB, DD–EF, F2–F4, F6–FE Greek Extended (00–FF)
20 13–14, 15, 17, 18–19, 1A–1B, 1C–1D, 1E, 20–22, 26, 30, 32–33, 39–3A, 3C, 3E General Punctuation (00–6F)
44, 4A, 7F, 82 Superscripts and Subscripts (70–9F)
A3–A4, A7, AC, AF Currency Symbols (A0–CF)
21 05, 13, 16, 22, 26, 2E Letterlike Symbols (00–4F)
5B–5E Number Forms (50–8F)
90–93, 94–95, A8 Arrows (90–FF)
22 00, 02, 03, 06, 08-09, 0F, 11–12, 15, 19–1A, 1E–1F, 27-28, 29, 2A, 2B, 48, 59, 60–61, 64–65, 82–83, 95, 97 Mathematical Operators (00–FF)
23 02, 0A, 20–21, 29–2A Miscellaneous Technical (00–FF)
25 00, 02, 0C, 10, 14, 18, 1C, 24, 2C, 34, 3C, 50–6C Box Drawing (00–7F)
80, 84, 88, 8C, 90–93 Block Elements (80–9F)
A0–A1, AA–AC, B2, BA, BC, C4, CA–CB, CF, D8–D9, E6 Geometric Shapes (A0–FF)
26 3A–3C, 40, 42, 60, 63, 65–66, 6A, 6B Miscellaneous Symbols (00–FF)
F0 (01–02) Private Use Area (00–FF …)
FB 01–02 Alphabetic Presentation Forms (00–4F)
FF FD Specials

ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ software ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏝᏰᎵ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Unicode "ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ" (Ꭴ+FFFD, �), ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏙᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏝᏳᏬᎳᏨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏁᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᏒᎦᏔ LastResort ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏫᎵ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ glyph ᎠᎾᏓᏎᎮᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ SIL Unicode fallback ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏫᎵ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎠᎾᏓᏎᎮᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ hexadecimal scalar ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ.

Multilingual ᏓᎵᏍᏛ-ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᎩ[edit]

Input ᎢᏗᎬᎾᏗ[edit]

ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ keyboard layouts ᏝᏰᎵ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏁᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ input ᎢᏗᎬᎾᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Microsoft ᏗᏦᎳᏅ (ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ 2000), ᎯᎠ "ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ" ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ (ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ/ᎢᏗᏛᏁᏗ/Accessories/ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ/ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ) ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎤᏪᎾᎢ-ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ Ꭴ+FFFF, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎪᎭᏍᎬ-ᎡᎳᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᏃᎵᏍᎬᎢ Ꮎ Unicode ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ. ᎢᏗᏛᏁᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Microsoft ᎧᏁᏨ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ embedded (ᎪᏣᎵᏗᏱ/ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ). ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎸᏓ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎪᏢᏗ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ Alt + #, ᎭᏢᏃ # ᎾᏓᏛᏁ 0 ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ; ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, Alt + 0241 ᏫᎵ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ñ. (ᎯᎠ # ᎠᏎ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ 0 ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ numeric ᎤᏚᏃᎯᏍᏔᏍᎧ ᎯᎠ keyboard ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ.) ᎪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏐᎢ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᎤᎾᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ input. ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Alt ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ. ᎦᏟᏐᏗ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Microsoft ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎾᎾᎯ worksheet ᎦᏁᎸ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ (ᎪᏣᎵᏗᏱ/ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ) ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ pasted ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ.

ᏒᎦᏔ Macintosh ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ input ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ 'Unicode Hex Input', ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Mac ᏅᏙᎲᏅ X ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Mac ᏅᏙᎲᏅ 8.5 ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ: ᏚᏂᏴ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᏁᏤᏗ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎩ-hex-ᏎᏍᏗ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ. Inputting ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ Ꭴ+FFFF ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏛᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᎯᎲ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ; ᎯᎠ software ᏫᎵ ᎤᎧᏛ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏏᏴᏫ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ automatically. Mac ᏅᏙᎲᏅ X (ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ 10.2 ᎠᎴ newer) ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎭ 'ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ', ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ, ᎾᎥᎢ Unicode ᏍᏆᎳ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎯᎠ 'Unicode Hex Input' ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᏋ activated ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᏗᏰᎸᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Mac ᏅᏙᎲᏅ X ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ 'Keyboard' ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Mac ᏅᏙᎲᏅ 8.5 ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ. ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ activated, 'Unicode Hex Input' ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Keyboard ᎠᏎᎯᎯ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ (designated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓᏘ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ) ᎤᏓᎷᎸ Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ.

ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ 'ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ' ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ (ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ/ᏧᏬᏣᎸᏗᏍᎩ/ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ) ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏒᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ Unicode ᏍᏆᎳ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏅᎾᏩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏁᏉᏛ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ. ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ISO 14755: ᏚᏂᏴ ᎡᎳᏗ Ctrl ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ hexadecimal Unicode ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ, preceded ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꭴ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ 2.15 ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ.

ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ X Input ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᎠᎴ GTK+ Input ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ, ᎯᎠ input ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ SCIM ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ “raw code” input ᎢᎬᎾᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ 4-ᏎᏍᏗ hexadecimal Unicode ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ.

ᏂᎦᏛ X ᏦᎳᏅ ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ (ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎠᎴ KDE, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂ) ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ keyboards ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ designated ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ, ᏄᏓᎴ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ (e.g., CapsLock) ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ redefined ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ.

ᎯᎠ Linux ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏚᏂᏴᏒ ᎡᎳᏗ Alt ᎠᎴ typing ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ numeric keypad. (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎯ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᏀᏭᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ unicode_ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ(1) ᎠᎴ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ setfont(8).) ᎯᎠ AltGr ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ hexadecimal ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ NumLock-ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ -F (clockwise). ISO 14755 ᎪᎯᏳᎯ input (Ctrl+ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ+hexadecimal ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᏗᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ) ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ unicode keymap.

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎳᏗ ᎤᏂᏏᎳᏛ browser ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ 7.5 ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏠᎨᏏ ᎾᎥᎢ typing Ꮝ hexadecimal ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᏑᏰᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ Alt + x.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏂᎬᏁᏗᎢ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ, Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ CTRL-V ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᎯᎲ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ, ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ":ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏯ_CTRL-V_ᏎᏍᏗ" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏂᎬᏁᏗᎢ. (ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ Unicode ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ encoding ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ UTF-8 ᎠᎴ ᏄᏓᎴ Unicode encoding; ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ":ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ encoding" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏂᎬᏁᏗᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᏕᎬᎿᏅᎢ.) ᎤᎪᏗᏗ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ; ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏓᎾᏓᏛᎩᏍᎬ ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ":ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ" ᎠᏓᏁᏤᏗ (ᎠᏏᏇ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ encoding ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ Unicode).

WordPad ᎠᎴ ᎧᏁᏨ 2002/2003 ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ ᏗᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᎯᎲ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ typing ᎯᎠ hexadecimal ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ 014B ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ŋ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎤᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ Alt + x ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎾᎥᎢ Ꮝ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎠᏏᎾᏌᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏂᎬᎾᏗᏍᎪ: ᎢᏳᏃ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏙᎬ cursor ᎯᎠ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ-ASCII ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ presses Alt + x, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ Microsoft software ᏫᎵ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ hexadecimal Unicode ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ.

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ keyboards ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᎯᎲ Unicode ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ.

ᎠᏯᏙᎯᎲ[edit]

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ, ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Unicode ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ. ᏴᏫ ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᎾᏗᏍᎩ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᎧᏁᎶᎰᎮᏎᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏔᏅ, ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎪᎯ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ, ᎠᏓᏠᏯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏓᏓᎶᏙᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ-ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ (glyphs). ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᏳᏊ ᏱᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎥᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ glyphs ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎠᎴ Koreans, ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ variant.

ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᎭ decried Unicode ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ Asian ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ perpetrated ᎾᎥᎢ Westerners ᎬᏙᏗ Ꮭ ᎪᎵᏍᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ, Korean, ᎠᎴ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ, ᎦᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏙᎲᎩ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏦᎢ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Ideographic Rapporteur ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ (IRG). ᎯᎠ IRG ᎠᏓᏕᏲᏗ ᎯᎠ consortium ᎠᎴ ISO ᎾᎿ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ stylistic ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ Unicode.

Unicode ᎨᏒᎢ criticized ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏄᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗᎭ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ kanji ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ, ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎠᏘᏲᎯᎭ, ᎦᏇᏅᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎦ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅᎯ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ Unicode. [1] ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏂ ᎠᎴ TRON (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎢᎦᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎫᎭᎸ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ, ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ), ᎠᎴ UTF-2000.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᎠᎴ Unicode 4.0 ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 90,000 ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎢᏅ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏗᏕᏠᏆᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏫᎬᎵᏱᎴᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎪᏪᎸ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ, Korea, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏘᏲᎯᎭ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, Ꮎ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᏍᏔᏅ, ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏥᏄᎪᏫᏍᏴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎾᏓᏛᏁᎲ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ, ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᎾᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ.

ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ, pursued ᎾᎥᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ Chu Bong-Foo, ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ encoding ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏣᏙᏗ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, 1991 ᏓᎶᏂᎨ computing ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ Chu ᎦᏳᎳ ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ 60,000 ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 80KB ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏁᎶᏔᏅ glyphs ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏄᏩᎾᏒᎾ Cangjie ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ.

ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ Unicode ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎤᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ.

Thai ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ criticized ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Ꮝ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎬᎢ Thai ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ Unicode ᎤᏓᏘᏰᏗ ᎯᎠ Thai ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ 620, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏚᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎸᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎦᏇᏅᏗ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ. [2]

Indic ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Tamil ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ allocated ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 128 ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ Unicode ᎤᏜᏅᏛ, ᎠᏥᎸ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎯᎠ ISCII ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ. ᎯᎠ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ Unicode Indic ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎧᏁᎦ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏥᏄᎪᏫᏍᏴ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Tamil, ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ arguing ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ Unicode codepoint ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᏫᎵ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ Tibetan ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ unulvngi ᎠᎵᏂᎬᏁᏗ similiar ᏧᎾᏍᏗ.

ᏗᏓᎦᏘᎴᎩ Unicode ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᏊ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎫᎭᎸ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 65,535 ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎪᎯ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎲᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Unicode 2.0.

Trivia[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1997 Michael Everson ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ encode ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎠ fictional Klingon ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ 1 ISO/IEC 10646-2.[3] ᎯᎠ Unicode Consortium ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2001 ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ encoding" — ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ Klingon ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎥᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ, ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎳᏗᎾ transliteration. ᎾᏊ Ꮎ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᎿᎸ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ blogging ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ tlhIngan pIqaD (Klingon ᏗᎦᎶᏆᏍᏙ) ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ tsuqagutanvsv ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ keyboard layouts, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏝᏅᏓᏕᎲ reapplying ISO ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅᎩ.

ᎠᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎯᎠ elvish ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ Tengwar ᎠᎴ Cirth ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ J. R. R. Tolkien ᎤᏤᎵ fictional ᎠᏰᎵ-ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏫᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ 1 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1993.[4][5] ᎯᎠ Consortium ᎤᏎᏒᎲᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᏗᎦᏃᎸᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏙᏢᏗ ᏗᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ Tolkienists, ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 2005 ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᎵᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏓᏁᏤᏗ.

ᎢᏧᎳ Klingon ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Tolkien ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏗᏒᎯᎯ Unicode ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2005, ᎯᎠ 100,000th ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏴᎸᎩ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ pipeline ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ standardisation ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ MALAYALAM PRASLESHAM. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ encoded ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲ ᎾᎥᎢ Rachana Akshara Vedi.

ᎯᎠ ᎫᏬᏂ ᏄᏓᏅᏛᎾ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᎦ RFC 2005 ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᏔᎵ "ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ" UTF encodings, UTF-9 ᎠᎴ UTF-18.

ᎯᎪᏩᏔ ᎾᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

ᏓᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ[edit]

  1. MES-1
  2. MES-2

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

  • ᎯᎠ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᏦᏬᏰᏂ ᎬᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎬᎢ, James Felici, ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ; 1st ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ, 2002
  • Unicode Demystified: ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ Encoding ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, Richard Gillam, Addison-Wesley ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ; 1st ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ, 2002
  • Unicode ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅᎯ, Jukka K. Korpela, O'Reilly; 1st ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ, 2006

ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ Unicode[edit]

  • ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ 5.0, ᎯᏍᎩᏁ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ, ᎯᎠ Unicode Consortium, Addison-Wesley ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ, Oct. 27, 2006. ISBN 0-321-48091-0
  • ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ 4.0, ᎯᎠ Unicode Consortium, Addison-Wesley ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ, Aug. 27, 2003. ISBN 0-321-18578-1
File:Unicodeconsortium book4.jpg
ᎯᎠ Unicode ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ 4.0

ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]