ᏩᏓᏚᎦ

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?Dragonfly
ᏓᎶᏂᎨ-ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ Darter
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: gantlaiia
ᏆᎢᎳᎻ: Arthropoda
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: ᏨᏍᎪᏱa
ᎣᎸᏙ: Odonata
Suborder: Epiprocta
Infraorder: Anisoptera
Selys, 1854
Families

Aeshnidae
Austropetaliidae
Cordulegastridae
Corduliidae
Gomphidae
Libellulidae
Macromiidae
Neopetaliidae
Petaluridae

ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎠᏲᎵ
File:Dragonfly morphology.png
ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ.
ᏩᏓᏚᎦ agatoli


ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏨᏍᎪᏱ ᎤᎾᏙᏣᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ Odonata, ᎯᎠ suborder Epiprocta ᎠᎴ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᎯᏌᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎯᎠ infraorder Anisoptera. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎡᏆ multifaceted digatoli, ᏔᎵ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎤᎸᏑᏘ ᎪᏯᏛ, ᎠᎴ elongated ᎠᏰᎸ.

Dragonflies ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᏙᏌes, ᎢᎦᎢᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ anitvga, ᏩᏚᎵᏏ, ᎠᎴ butterflies. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ yvwatuwidv ᎥᏓᎵ, ᎥᏓᎵ, ᎤᏪᏴᎢ, ᎠᎴ wetlandᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᎵe, ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏲᎵ", ᎠᎴ aquatic. Dragonflies ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏓᏍᎧᎷᏥ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏨᏯᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏫᎵ ᎠᏓᏍᎧᎷᏥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᎩᏯᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎢᏳᏃ grasped ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏉᎵ); ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ predator Ꮎ ᏧᎾᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ mosquitoes.


ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᎾ, varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎠᎨᏴ dragonflies ᎠᏠᏗ ᏧᏪᏥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎠᎹ, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎩᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ emergent digakohidi. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏂᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎵl (ᎠᏲᎵ) ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏚᎢ, ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎪᏍᏓᏱᎧᏬᎳᏕᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᎯᎯ ᏐᎢ invertebrateᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ vertebrates ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏖᎦᎠᎴ ᎠᏣᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᎾ (ᎦᏃᎯᎸᏒ) ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏲᏓᏜᎥ, ᎡᏆᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏅᎩ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ.


ᏂᎦᎥ ᏱᏓᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ[edit]

ᎪᏪᎸ ᎤᏪᏴ[edit]

ᎤᏣᏘ ᎡᏆᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ existed ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴ tsuqagutanvsv ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ, ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ lyudetiyvda, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ Protodonata ᏓᎪᎥᎩ Meganeura monyi ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ Permian ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ wingspan 70–75 cm (27.5–29.5 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ). ᎪᎯ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ 19 cm (7.5 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ) ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ odonates, ᎯᎠ Hawaiian ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ, Anax strenuus. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ libellulid ᏩᏓᏚᎦ, Nannophya pygmaea ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎧᎸᎬ Asia ᎬᏙᏗ wingspan ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 20 mm, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 3/4 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏛ.

Dragonflies ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ fastest ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ, ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎾᏙᏯᏅᎯᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ 97 km/h (60 mph). [1] ᎯᎠ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ Darner ᏩᏓᏚᎦ (Anax junius) ᎨᏒᎢ nicknamed "ᏓᏅᏍᎬ ᏴᎩ" ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ Ꮝ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ fastest-ᎦᏃᎯᎸᏒ dragonflies, ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏙᏯᏅᎯᏗᏍᏗ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ 85 km/h (53 mph). ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ dragonflies ᏰᎵᏇ ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 137 km (85 ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ) ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦ. [2]

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ[edit]

Dragonflies ᎤᎭ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ agatoli ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ. Dragonflies ᎤᎭ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ 30,000 ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ agatoli; ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ-sensing ᎤᏔᎾ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ommatidium, ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ 360° ᏠᎨᏏ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ.

Camouflage[edit]

ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ Ꮎ dragonflies ᎠᏓᎾᏢᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ agatoli, termed ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ camouflage[3], ᎥᎢᏒᎢ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ Ꮎ ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ. ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏰᎯ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᏍᏗ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Ꮝ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ, ᎢᏤ ᏅᎠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎥᏩᏘᏍᎬ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ iyuwakodi ᎯᎳᎪ dragonflies ᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ camouflaging techniques ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎠᏥᎡᏗᏱ.

ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ[edit]

Austrogomphus guerini

ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ dragonflies (Anisozygoptera)[edit]

ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ, ᎯᎠ Anisoptera ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ suborder ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ dragonflies (Anisozygoptera, ᏔᎵ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ lyudetiyvda ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ), ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏕᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ Anisozygoptera ᎤᏙᏢᏒ paraphyletic ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᏢᏥᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ Anisoptera. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ, ᎯᎠ Anisoptera ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏛᎯ infraorder, ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ suborder Epiprocta (dragonflies ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ). ᎯᎠ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ Anisozygoptera ᎨᏒᎢ disbanded, Ꮝ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏬᎳᏨ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎡᏆᏯ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ.

ᎯᎠ lyudetiyvda ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ 320 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ Delitzschala bitterfeldensis. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ Namurotypus.

Dragonflies vs. damselflies[edit]

Damselflies (Suborder Zygoptera) ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ dragonflies, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ: ᎤᎪᏗᏗ damselflies ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᏂᏴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᏯᏛ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ (ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Lestidae), ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ dragonflies ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᏂᏴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᏯᏛ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭᏊ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ digatoli ᎾᎿ damselfly ᎠᎴ separated; ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ dragonflies ᎯᎠ digatoli ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏓ ᎪᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Petaluridae (Petaltails) ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Gomphidae (Clubtails). ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎯᎠ Odonata, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏱ.

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ[edit]

ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ Darner ᏩᏓᏚᎦ ᎨᎳᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ gantlai

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

  1. Dragonflies. ᏥᏟᏌ June 11, 2006.
  2. BBC. "Tiny tags trace dragonfly paths", 10 ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 2006
  3. Dragonflies prove clever predators. ᏥᏟᏌ June 18, 2006.

ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

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