ᏖᎸᎳᏗ

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?Grape
Wine Grapes
Wine Grapes
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: ᎦᎪᏘae
Division: Magnoliophyta
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: Magnoliopsida
ᎣᎸᏙ: Vitales
ᏥᏓᎾᎷ: Vitaceae
ᎨᏄᏍ: Vitis
L.
Species

Vitis acerifolia
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis amurensis
Vitis arizonica
Vitis x bourquina
Vitis californica
Vitis x champinii
Vitis cinerea
Vitis x doaniana
Vitis girdiana
Vitis labrusca
Vitis x labruscana
Vitis lincecumii
Vitis monticola
Vitis mustangensis
Vitis x novae-angliae
Vitis palmata
Vitis riparia
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitis rupestris
Vitis shuttleworthii
Vitis tiliifolia
Vitis vinifera
Vitis vulpina

ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎦᎪᏘ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ vine. ᎯᎠ grapevine ᎤᏙᏣᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Vitaceae. ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ 6 300, ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᎿᎨ, ᏌᎪᏂᎨ, ᏓᎶᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎩᎨᏍᏗ-ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᏄᏩᎾᏒᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎦᏁᎲ, ᏤᎵ, ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎪᎢ.

RaisinᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ grapevine, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎦᎷᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ "ᏖᎸᎳᏗ". ᎨᏯᏔᎯ grapevines ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎦᏄᎸ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎫᏢᏗ ᏐᎢ digakohidi ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ.

Grapevines[edit]

Grapevines ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ digakohidi ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎵe ᎢᎦᏛ Lepidoptera ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ - ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ Lepidoptera ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᎳᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ grapevines.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ grapevines ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ:

  • Vitis vinifera, ᎯᎠ European winemaking grapevine. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏙᎯ Europe.
  • Vitis labrusca, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎦᏁᎲ grapevines, ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ Ꭴ.. ᎠᎴ Canada.
  • Vitis riparia, ᎨᏯᏔᎯ vine ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ, ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ winemaking ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ Ꭴ.. ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ Quebec.
  • Vitis rotundifolia, ᎯᎠ ᏔᎸᎳᏗ, ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ Southeastern Ꭴ.. ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Delaware ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᎠᏂᏍᏆᏂᎢ.
  • Vitis aestivalis, ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ Norton (AKA Cynthiana) ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ winemaking
  • Vitis lincecumii (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ Vitis aestivalis ᎠᎴ Vitis lincecumii), Vitis berlandieri (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ Vitis cinerea var. helleri), Vitis cinerea, Vitis rupestris ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ grapevines ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ-ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ rootstock.
  • Vitis arizonica ᎢᎾᎨ grapevine ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ southwestern ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ. ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ.
  • Vitis californica grapevine ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎯᎠ California ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Ꮝ rootstock ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᎦᎸᏙᏗ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ California ᎠᎴ Oregon.
  • Vitis vulpina ᎤᏯᏨᏒ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ. ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ Midwest ᎧᎸᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏳᎸᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎢᏤ York.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ varieties grapevines; ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎴ cultivars V. vinifera.

ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ crosses ᎠᏰᎵ V. vinifera ᎠᎴ ᏌᏊ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ varieties V. labrusca, V. riparia ᎠᎴ V. aestivalis. ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎤᏯᏨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎥᏳᎩ (ᏂᎬᎢ phylloxera), ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ "ᏬᏗᎨ" ᎦᏩᏒᎩ labrusca.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ Coccoloba uvifera ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎨᎳ ᎯᎠ Buckwheat ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Polygonaceae ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ Caribbean ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ"(FAO), 75866 ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ kilometres ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ dedicated ᏔᎸᎳᏘ. ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 71% ᎡᎶᎯ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ, 27% ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏤᎢ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ 2% ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎡᎪᎢ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎦᏁᎲ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ sweetener ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᎦᎸᏔᏅ "ᎬᏙᏗ Ꮭ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎧᎵᏎᏥ" ᎠᎴ "100% ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ". ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ dedicated ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ kanquotsegi ᎾᎥᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 2% ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ.

Grapevines

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ-ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎾᏓᏛᎩᏍᎬ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ dedicated ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ:

ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ: FAO, Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (pdf), Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation.

Researchers,ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Marty Mayo, comparing ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ ᎤᎭ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ gantlai ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏓ, ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎤᎾᎵᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ France. ᎤᏅᏌ ᏓᎪᎥᎩ ᎪᎯ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏄᏰᎳᏛᎾ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎾᏊ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ France. ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᏧᎾᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ cholesterol ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎤᏍᎦᏃᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏁᏍᎬᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏚᏂᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ arteries. ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ resveratrol (polyphenol antioxidant) ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏓᎾᎵᎲ ᎠᏓᏰᏍᎩ, ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎥᏳᎩ, degenerative ᎣᏓᎾᏛ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎥᏳᎩ. ᎠᏂᎦᎾᎦᏘ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏅᎩ ᏗᏓᎨᏗ ᏑᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᎦᎳᏍᏓᏛ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎩᎦᎨ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎤᎭᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ. ᎩᎦᎨ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᎤᎭᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏑᏰᎲᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ fermented ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ.

ᏄᏓᎴ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ varieties. ᎩᎦᎨ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏘᏣᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎩᎦᎨ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ colouration ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ.

Raisins, currants, ᎠᎴ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ[edit]

raisin ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ. currant ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎧᏲᏔᏅ Zante ᏖᎸᎳᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ raisin ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ Corinthe (Corinth ᏖᎸᎳᏗ). ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ raisin ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎪᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ Turkish ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏊ ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ raisins ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎤᏴᏢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᎴ chemically ᎠᏓᏁᎸᎯ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ.

ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꮎ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ raisin ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ loanword, ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤᎢ ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ; grappe (ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ) ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ une grappe ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ raisin). ᏥᏄᏍᏗ raisin ᎨᏒᎢ uncountable ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᎸᏥ, ᏏᏴᏫ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ raisin.

ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ Ꮎ currant ᎤᎭ ᎦᎷᏨ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎯᎠ blackcurrant ᎠᎴ redcurrant, ᏔᎵ berries ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ.

ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ procyanidolic oligomers, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ PCOs. [Researchers have concluded that PCOs strengthen blood vessels, and improve blood circulation. Grape seed extract may help slow aging, prevent heart disease, deter cancer, lessen allergy symptoms, and eye strain, and fight certain skin diseases. In recent studies grape extract has also been shown to lessen cellulite, and lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels. The use of grape seed extract is available in forms such as: liquid, tablet, and capsule. Grape seed extract has not yet been shown to have any negative effects on consumers.]ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ

Seedlessness ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏔᎸᎳᏘ[edit]

Seedlessness ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ seedless cultivars ᎾᏊ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏖᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏂᎧᏅᏍᎬ. ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ grapevines ᎠᎴ ᏄᎦᏎᏍᏛᎾ propagated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᏓᎶᏙᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎦᎷᎶᎩ ᎤᎦᏔ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᏄᏍᎩ, ᎦᎪ ᎠᏎ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎬᏙᏗ seeded ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏓᎦᏴᎵᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ techniques.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ ᎯᎠ seedlessness ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ cultivars ᎠᎩᏍᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏌᏊ ᏦᎢ ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ: 'Thompson Seedless', 'Russian Seedless', ᎠᎴ 'ᎬᎿᎨ Monukka'. ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏁᎳ Vitis vinifera.

ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]