ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ

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ᎠᏲᏛᎯ ᎤᎶᎩᎸ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎨᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ Enschede, Netherlands

ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎡᎯᏍᏛ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ Ꮝ ᎦᏚᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏗᏳ ᎪᏣᎸᏙᏗ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ (ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ), ᎠᏴᏓᏆᎶᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎬ (ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ), ᎦᎨᏛ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ (ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ), ᎠᎴ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᏍᏚᎭ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ, snowstorm, hailstorm, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ).

ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ[edit]

ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ iyahdvnelidasdi ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ dagatuwisdisgv ᎾᏍᎩ. ᎪᎯ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏚᎶᎩᎸ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ cumulonimbus. ᎤᏍᏗ, localized ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᏂᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᏍᏚᎭ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ.

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ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ[edit]

File:Shtorm.jpg
ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ varieties ᎠᎴ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ.

  • ᎪᏍᏚᎭ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ - ᎤᏍᏗ, localized updraft ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏃᎴ.
  • Windstorm - ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎠᎦᏍᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ European windstorm.
  • ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ - ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ 16 ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ.
  • ᏍᏓᏱᏛ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎬ
  • ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ
Main article: Thunderstorm
ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᏴᏓᏆᎶᏍᎬ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ accompanied ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎨᏛ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ. ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ rainforest ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎤᎯᏌᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ ᎨᎳᏛᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏃᎴ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏃᎴ Ꮎ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏛᎩ, ᎦᏣᏄᎳ, upward ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ Ꮎ swirl ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ tropopause. ᎤᏁᏌᏴᏟ ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ downdraughts ᎡᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏂᏩᏒ Ꮝ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎠᎴ downdraughts ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎶᎩᎸ. ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏚᎶᎩᎸ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ 2-10 km ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ.
ᎦᎨᏛ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᏲᎸᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ Sanvu ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Hong Kong. Sanvu ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2005 Ꮎ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ.
Main article: Tropical cyclone
ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ iyahdvnelidasdi ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᏓᎾᏗᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ yvwatuwidv centre ᎡᎳᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ, fueled ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎦᏚᎵᏓ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎤᎵᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ tropics ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ cyclonic ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸᏉᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏐᎢ cyclonic ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ'ᏥᏌ ᏕᎴᎯᏌᏅᎠᎴ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎡᎳᏗᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎪᏛᏙᏗ ᎠᏂ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏗᎪᏢᏅ ᎠᏂ "ᎤᎦᎾᏩ ᎠᏰᎵ" ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ iyahdvnelidasdi.
ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏔᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏓᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ, ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ, ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ.[1]
ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏭᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ, tornadoes, torrential ᎠᎦᏍᎬ (ᏓᏓᏘᏂᏒ mudslides ᎠᎴ ᎤᏥᏍᏓᎷᎩᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᎱᎩᏍᎬ), ᎠᎴ ᎠᏱᎴᎦ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ onto ᎦᏙᎯ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏳ ᏧᏔᏅ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ catastrophic, ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗᏱ ᏓᏣᏁᎬ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ tropics, ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ global ᎤᏃᎴ ᏓᎾᏗᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ.
  • Hailstorm - ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ Ꮎ aren't ᎤᎾᏥ. Hailstorms ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏴᏓᏆᎶᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ. ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᏐᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎶᎩᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵ ᎣᏏ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎠᎳᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᎳᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎠᎳᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎢᎩᏛ ᏂᎬᏁᎸ ᎦᏁᏐᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎠᎴ injuries.
  • ᎤᏃᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ, ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏙᎯ. ᎤᏠᏱᎭ Ꮝ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ, ᎠᏟᏍᏗᏱ-ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ. ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ tornadoes ᎠᎴ preceded ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏐᏴ ᎤᎶᎩᎸ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ Midwest ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏞᏴᏍᏙᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎣᎦᎳᎰᎻ ᎠᎴ Kansas.

ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ[edit]

File:Shtormovoye oblako.jpg
ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎤᎶᎩᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Nebraska.

ᎠᏓᏅᏖᎯᏌᏛ ᎤᏃᎴ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ 10 ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Beaufort ᏗᎦᏛᏗ, ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ 89 km/h (55 mph) ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ; ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎦᏅᏍᏙᎯᏍᏗ. ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ 10 ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Beaufort ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᎯᏍᎩ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ. ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎣᏂ ᏂᎬᏉ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 12 200 ᎢᏧᏟᎶᏛ, ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏳ ᎤᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎩ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᎸᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎧᎸᎬ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ repeatability ᎠᎴ iyuwakodi, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ [1]. ᎡᏆ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ oceanographic ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ Ꮎ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎬᏩᎶᏒᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ: ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ, ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᏓᏣᏁᎬ, ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ siltation, ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ, ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ ᎤᏓᏅᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᏢᏥᏙᎯ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ northeasterly ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬ-Atlantic ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ Virginia. ᎦᏃᏢᏥᏙᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ 50% ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎭᏂ ᏌᏊ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏔᎵ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ 0.1% ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ 1000 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ.

Class 1 weak Class 2 moderate Class 3 significant Class 4 severe Class 5 extreme
Average peak wave height (m) 2 2.5 3.2 5 7
Average duration (h) 8 18 34 63 96
Relative frequency 49.7% (2 years) 25.2% (4 years) 22.1% (5 years) 2.4% (40 years) 0.1% (1000 years)
Beach erosion minor modest across beach severe extreme
Dune erosion none minor significant erosion and recession destruction
Overwash none none none severe on low-profile beaches region-wide
Property damage none modest local community-wide region-wide

Extraterrestrial ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎤᏓᏓᎸ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ

ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎡᎶᎯ; ᏐᎢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ (ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᏂᎬᎢᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ) ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎵ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎤᏓᏓᎸ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ. ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎡᏆᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ 340 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎡᎶᎯ Galileo Galilei. ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎭ Ꮝ ᎣᏤᎵ adatolasdisgi ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎡᏆ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎤᏓᏓᎸ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 1994 ᏂᎯ ᎠᎧᏔᏘ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᏠᎨᏏ Planetary ᏗᏓᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ 2 imaged ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ Saturn, generated ᎾᎥᎢ upwelling ᎤᏟ ᎤᎦᎾᏩ ᎤᏃᎴ, ᎤᏠᏱ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏬᎩᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᎸᎬ-ᏭᏕᎵᎬ ᏫᎬᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ-ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏗᎦᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎡᎶᎯ (ca. 7,900 ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏛ). ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ, 1990 ᎠᎴ ᎠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ.

ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏐᏁᎵᏁ ᏓᏍᏟᏁᎦ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ Ivan Aivazovsky.

ᎩᎵᏏ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎠᎴ printmaker J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851) ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎵ ᏗᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ. ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ reinvented ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ seascape ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ nineteeth sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ Holland, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏙᎳᎩ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏐᏆᎴᏍᎬ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ seashore ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏍᏔ, choppy ᎠᎺᏉᎯ Dutch ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ. ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎣᎯᏍᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎵ Turner’s ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎵᏗ seascapes ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᏥᏳ (ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᏥᏳ ᏭᎾᏕᎬᎢ ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎬ - ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᏓᎦᎷᏥ ᎾᎿ) 1840.

Russian ᏗᏂᏃᎩᏍᏗᏍᎩ Vladimir Vysotskiy ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏓᏂᏃᎩᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ translated ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎢᏧᎳ ᎯᏁᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ 'ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ', ᎠᎴ 'stormes'" (Russian: "Мы говорим не 'штормы', а 'шторма'").

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ: Briareos, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏩᏒᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ, Aigaios, ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ Aiolos ᎦᎪ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ-ᏅᎩᏨᎴ, ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ locked ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎩᏓᎵ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ Aiolia, ᎾᏍᏋ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᏤᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ, ᏂᎬᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ flooded ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Noah ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏁᎸ.

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

ᎤᏃᎴ[edit]

ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

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