ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ

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ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ - ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Gabriel ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸᏍᎬ ᎺᎵ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏫᎵ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ ᏥᏌ (ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ Greco, 1575)

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏳᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᏦᎢ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎪᎯᏳᏗ, ᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ Islam.

ᎧᏁᏨ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎧᏁᏨ originated ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎳᏗᎾ, ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎠᎪᎢ αγγελος, ángelos, ᎦᏛᎬᎢ "ᎠᏂᏙᎯ" (ᏔᎵ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏘ gamma "γγ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ "ng" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎪᎢ). ᎯᎠ closest ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ מלאך, mal'ach 4397, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ "ᎠᏂᏙᎯ". "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᏦᎢ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ:

  • אביר, abbir 47, ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ 78:25 (ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. "ᏭᎵᏂᎬᎬ")
  • אלהים, Elohim 430, ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ 8:5
  • ᎯᎠ ᎤᏕᎵᏒ שנאן, ᏗᎬᏓᎨᏂ' 8136, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ 68:17

Angelology[edit]

Angelology ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮎ ᏗᏓᏅᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎬᏙᏗ hierarchical ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᏂᏙᎯ, ᎡᎶᎯ ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ kaballistic ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ[1], ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᏚᏩᏂᎦᎸ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ, ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ ᎬᎨᏫᏒ ᏌᏊ.[2]

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ Ꮎ Judeo-ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏟᏚᎦ ᎡᏆ ᎠᏓᏚᎩ Zoroastrianism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏓᎦᏎᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏛᏁᎸ angelology ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ (ᏨᏍᎩᎾ) ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Iranian Avestan ᎠᎴ Vedic ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏐᎢ ᏚᏩᏂᎦᎸ Indo-European mythologies ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᏰᎲ existed ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏅ Ꮎ Zoroastrianism ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᎾᎿ Jewish angelology[3], ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ angelology, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎢᏧᏓᎴᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Zoroastrianism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ Israel ᎤᏤᎵ ᎧᏁᏉᏛ ᏚᏓᏂᏴᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ Persian ᏓᎳᏏᏛ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Babylon,[4] ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ Zoroastrianism borrowed ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ. ᎤᏙᎳᏒ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ, ᎯᎠ ᎾᏛᏁᎸ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏭᏔᏅᎢ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ (ᎡᏙᎠ ᎠᎬᏫᏳᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ Islamic ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ), ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ[5]: comparing ᏨᏍᎩᎾ Angra Mainyu (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ) Zoroastrian ᎪᎯᏳᏗ[6], ᎦᎪ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ-ᏦᏍᏗᏓᏄᏫ Ahura Mazda, ᎯᎠ ᏭᏔᏅᎢ ᎢᎬᏩᎾᏓᎴᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏍᎦᏯᎭ.[7]ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ depicted ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Zoroastrianism, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ hierarchy ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ Angelology ᎤᏤᎵ hierarchy[8].

ᎪᎯ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ questioned ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ Torah, ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ Jewish ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ predate ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ Persian ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ Ꮎ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᎾᎿ Zoroastrianism. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗᏱ Ꮎ similarities, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏌ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ ᏐᎢ motifs, ᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏎᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ Zoroastrian ᎪᎯᏳᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᎧᏛ ᏐᎢ ᎪᎯᏳᏗ[9].

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Zoroastrian ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ[edit]

Zoroastrianism ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏚᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏗᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏔᏅᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ (Ahura Mazda): ᎯᎠ Amesha Spentas, Yazatas, ᎠᎴ Fravashis. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ (cf. ᎤᏪᏙᎵᏍᏗ Dar, ᎠᏯᏙᎸ 26), Zoroastrians ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎠ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏯᏔᎯ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ dedicated Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ.

Amesha Spentas (Phl. Amahraspandan) ("ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ")[edit]

ᎾᏍᎩᏯ ᎪᏪᎸ, "ᏄᏓᏅᏘᏴ ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ", ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ Ahura Mazda. ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎠᎴ:

  • Vohu Mano (Phl. Vohuman): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. ᎣᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ. ᏧᏓᏘᏅᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᏩᎦ.
  • Asha Vahishta (Phl. Ardwahisht): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ Asha, ᎯᎠ Amahraspand presiding ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ Asha ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸ.
  • Khshathra Vairya (Phl. Shahrewar): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. 'ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ', ᎯᎠ Amahraspand presiding ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ.
  • Spenta Armaiti (Phl. Spandarmad): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. 'ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ', ᎯᎠ Amahraspand presiding ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ
  • Haurvatat (Phl. Hordad): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. 'ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ'. ᏧᏓᏘᏅᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎹ.
  • Ameretat (Phl. Amurdad): ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ. 'ᎢᎪᎯᏓ', ᎯᎠ Amahraspand presiding ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ.

Fravashis (Phl. Farohars) ("ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ")[edit]

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Arda Fravash ("ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ"). ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ accompanied ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (Y26.4, 55.1), ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ patrolled ᎯᎠ boundaries ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ (Bd6.3, Zs5.2), ᎠᎴ ᏫᎵ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎦᏙᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ. Ahura Mazda ᎠᏓᏕᏲᏗ Zarathushtra ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎢᏳᏊ ᏱᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᏩᏒᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ (Yt13.19-20). ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ, ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ ᎠᎴ ᏴᏫ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎵᏱᎸᏛ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᎾ Druj ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏂ ᏂᎦᏛ (Yt13.12-13).

ᎯᎠ Fravashi ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎤᎭ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏌᏊ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ (Y16.7, 26.7, 26.11, 71.23, Yt22.39) (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Dhalla, ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ Zoroastrianism, pg 232-243, 375-378)

ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏁᏝᎾ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏥᏍᏆ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᏙᏯᏗᏢ, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ).

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Tanakh[edit]

ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏗᏓᏂᏐᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Metairie, ᎷᏫᏏᎡᎾ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, מלאך ("malach"), ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏚᏙᎥ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ," ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ" (Zechariah|12:8|JP). ᏐᎢ appellations ᎠᎴ "ᏧᏪᏥ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ", (Genesis|6:4; Job|1:6 [R. V. v. 1]) ᎠᎴ "ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ" (Psalms|89:6-8).

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ Jewish ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ, 'Elohim ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎧᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ 'Elohim (ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ), bnēi 'Elohim, bnēi Elim (ᏧᏪᏥ ᎦᏁᎸ) (ᎠᏯ.e. ᎠᏁᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ) ᎨᏒᎩ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏓᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᏆ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ (ᎠᏯ.e. ᏗᏄᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ). ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ-ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, ᎡᎳᏗᏢ ᎦᏙᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ (e.g. ᎼᏏ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎯ 6:2; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ 1:6; Psalms|8:5). ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ: ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ" (Zechariah|14:5) ᎠᎴ "watchers" (Daniel|4:13). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ" (Deuteronomy|17:3) ᎠᎴ "Adonai" (oshua|5:14). ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ," צבאות Tzevaot ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ Adonai Tzevaot (ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ, Adonai Tzivo'ot), ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ, ᎨᏒᎩ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ identified ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ" ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏃᏈᏏ ᎦᎷᎦ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ; ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏃᏈᏏ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏁᎵᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏛᏳᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏩᏒᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏫᏄᎳᏍᏙᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ forbidden ᎾᎥᎢ Moses ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ". ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏊ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ" ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ identified ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ armies Israel, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏴᏫ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏤ ᎧᏃᎮᏛ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᏂᏁᎦ "ᏗᏓᏅᏙ," πνεύματα (Revelation|1:4).

ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Israel ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ Malach Elohim, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ. ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ Malach Adonai ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ interchangeably ᎬᏙᏗ Adonai (ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ). (cf. (Exodus|3:2), ᎬᏙᏗ 3:4; (Exodus|13:21) ᎬᏙᏗ (Exodus|14:19). ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎯᏁᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (Genesis|32:30); (Judges|13:22). ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai (ᎠᎴ Elohim) ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎦ ᎡᏆᎭᎻ, Hagar, ᏩᏏ, Gideon, &c., ᎠᎴ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ Israelites ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏛ ᎤᎶᎩᎸ (ᎠᏁᎳᏗᏍᏗ 3:2). ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ Malach Adonai ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏊ ᏱᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ classified, ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᏁᎵᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏥᎸᏉᏗ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ, ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ; ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎢᎦᏓᏊ identified ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎩᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ Jewish ᏧᏁᎸᏗᏯ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ. ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎪᎯ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎳᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ, ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ Kabbalist ᎠᏙᎩᏯᏛ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎾᎯ kabbalistic ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎪᏪᎸ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎠᎴ Elohim ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᎬ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏐᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎠᎴ Elohim. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏅ ᎢᏓᏂ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (Genesis|18,19). (J) ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎡᏆᎭᎻ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏟᎶᎥ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏦᎢ, ᎣᏂ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᏔᎵ, ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎤᏩᏒ (Cf. 18:1 ᎬᏙᏗ 18:2, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 19:17). ᎾᎾᎢ Bethel, Jacob ᎠᎪᏩᏘ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᎾᏗ (Genesis|28:12), ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎾᎾᎢ Mahanaim (Genesis|32:1). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ. ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏍᎦᏯ" ᎦᎪ ᎠᏁᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ Jacob ᎾᎾᎢ Peniel ᎨᏒᎢ identified ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (ᎼᏏ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎯ 32:24, 30). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (Isaiah|6) ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎪᏯᏛ, ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-exilic ᎪᏪᎸ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎢᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏐᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ; ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-exilic ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᎥᏝᎰᏩ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (1|Kings|13:18) ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 19:5, cf. 7, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ, ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ exilic ᎠᎴ ᎨᏛᎢ-exilic. ᎡᏍᎦᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎢᏴᎵᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ Israel ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏐᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᎵᎦᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ suppressed ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎠᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎠᏓᏘᏅᏍᏗ.

ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏰᎯ ᎢᏳᏂᏪᏛ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ (Deuteronomy|6:4-5 ᎠᎴ Isaiah|43:10), ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Ezekiel. Ezekiel, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ influenced ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ hierarchy ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Babylonian ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ angelology Zoroastrianism (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ Zoroastrianism ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ). (Ezekiel|9) ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎲᏲᎵᏓ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ); ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎪᏩᏘ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᎷᏏᎳᎻ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎼᏏ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎯ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ "ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ"; malach, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ", ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ezekiel. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Zechariah, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎦᏛ; ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ", ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ malach, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Malach Adonai ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᏚᏂᏴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏂ (Zechariah|1:11). ᎯᎠ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎦ ᎠᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎧᏁᎬ) ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ (Zechariah|3:1). ᎤᏠᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ bnei Elohim, ᏧᏪᏥ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂ, ᏨᏍᎩᎾ (ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ-ᏨᏍᎩᎾ), ᎠᏏᏇ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᏱᎵᏙᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ (ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ 1, 2. Cf. (1|Chronicles|21:1). ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Psalter (Pss. 91:11, 103:20 &c.); ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (Psalms 78:49) ᎯᎠ "ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᏁᏤᎸ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᏩᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ ᎠᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎩ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ", ᎠᏯ.e. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Ezekiel ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏠᏱᎭᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ digatoli ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Zechariah 3:9, 4:10. ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ Ewald ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (Tobit 12:15; ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ 8:2), ᏚᏦᏔᏩᏘ ᎠᎴ influenced ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ Ameshaspentas (Amesha Spenta), ᎠᎴ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎡᏆ ᏗᏓᏅᏙ ᎯᎠ Persian ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ, ca. 400 ᎤᏓᎷᎸ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᏧᎦᎴᏅᏓ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (Genesis|1:26).

ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ Persian ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᎢ ᏗᎴᏪᎢᏍᏙᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ underwent ᎡᏆ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ, ᎢᎦᏓᏊ, ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏅ ᏕᎨᏒ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel, ca. 160 ᎤᏓᎷᎸ, 71 ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ" ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ-ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ", ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏓᎯᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ, ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏬᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ; ᏓᏲᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ "ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ" ᎠᎴ "ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ" ᎠᎴ "ᎡᏆ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ"; ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ, Gabriel, Michael; ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-ᎨᏥᎸᏉᏗ (Daniel|8:16; Daniel|10:13, 20-21), ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ Israel ᎤᏤᎵ ᏓᏓᏘᏂᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏒ Judah. ᎠᏏᏇ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Tobit ᏓᏓᏘᏂᏒ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ Raphael, "ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ". (Tob. 12:15.)

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Tobit, ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ, ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ/Aramaic ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᏂᎩᎵᏲᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏕᎫᎪᏗᏍᎬ; ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎧᎵᏐᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏫᎵ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ, ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ (ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ 4:18) Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ "ᏗᎫᏮᎶᏔᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᎵᎶᎲᏍᎬᎾ" ᏂᎬᎾᏗᏍᎪ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏁᏯᏔᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Michael, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Judah. ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Tobit, ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ, τὸ πονηρὸν δαιμόνιον, ᎦᎪ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ Sarah ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᎦᎭ ᎠᏂᏁᎳ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ "ᏨᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ", πνεῦμα (Tobit 3:8, 17; 6:7).

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ Gen. 6:2, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ interpreted ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Enoch. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ bnē Elohim Ꮎ ᎠᏯᏙᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ (cf. ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ), ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᏣᎸᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏁᎵᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ; ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮭ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ bne Elohim ᎠᎩᎵᏲᏨ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏁᏯᏔᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎤᎭ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎳᏍᎬᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ Milton ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏅᎯ hierarchy ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏙᏣᎵ ᎯᎠ Jewish ᎪᏪᎸ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ 200 ᎤᏓᎷᎸ – 100 ᎤᎶᏐᏅ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Jewish ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᏚᏍᏆᎸᏔᏅ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᏂᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ, ᏚᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ Enoch ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ Isaiah ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎪᎯ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ.

ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏬᏚ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎤᏬᎳᏨ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (Genesis|18:2, Genesis|19:5; Judges|6:17, Judges|8:6; 2|Samuel|29:9; ᎢᎦᏛ ᏛᎦ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎴ; ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᎦᎢ; ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏒᏂᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂ ᎠᎴ consumed ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏥᎸ; ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᏗᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ sacrificial ᎠᏥᎸ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ Elijah, ᎦᎪ ᎤᎩᎸᏅᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏓᏆᎴᎷ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏣᏲᏍᏗ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ (Genesis|16:13; ᏗᏄᎪᏗᏍᎩ 6. 21, 22; 2|Kings|2:11; Exodus|3:2). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ; ᏫᏄᎳᏍᏙᏗ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᎯ ᎪᏢᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎸᎯ ᎠᏥᎸ, ᎠᎴ encompassed ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ (Job|15:15), ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Psalmist ᏄᏪᏒᎩ (Psalm|104:4): "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᎪᏢᏅ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ, ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ." ᎢᎦᏛ ᏚᏓᏡᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ/Deuterocanon ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏙᏄᏭᎢ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎦᏚ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ.

ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ; ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢᏍᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᎬ. ᎦᏂᎸ ᎠᏱᎸᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎨᏛᎢ-ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏓᎾᏓᏛᎩᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎾᏍᏋ fulfilled—generally, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ ᎠᏎᏒᏓ ᎭᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎠᎾᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ hands—one ᎠᏫᏗ ᎦᏁᎯ ᏗᎨᏪᎶᏗ-ᎤᏲᎾ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ side—and ᎠᎩᎸᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏐᏈᎵ [(Numbers|22:23), (Joshua|5:13), (Ezekiel|9;2), (Zecheriah|1:8) ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ seq.]. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ Ꮎ ᎠᎴ contempory ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏓᏍᏗ (ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏩᎦᏛ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ achieved, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ). ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (Chronicles|21:16,30), ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ "ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ, ᎤᎲᎢ ᎠᏎᏒᏓ ᎭᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ". ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Daniel, ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ "clothed ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎤᏁᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎨᏒᎩ girded ᎬᏙᏗ ᎣᏌᏂ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ Uphaz: ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎧᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ digatoli ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏥᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎦᎶᏂᏗ ᏣᏱ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎬ ᎤᏲᏴᎬ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎬ ᎤᏲᏴᎬ ᏂᎬᎢ" (Daniel|10:5-6). ᎪᎯ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏥᏌ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏁᎵᏒ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ ᎪᏯᏛ (Daniel|9:21), ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ, ᎠᎴ depicted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ, Jewish ᎠᎴ Zoroastrian ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ depicted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏚᏂᏴᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏙ ᎢᎦ ᎡᎯ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ Bordeaux cathedral

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᏯᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏎᏍᏙ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ. Depictions ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᏴᏫ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ depictions ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ deities, ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ adatolasdisgi ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎦᏁᎸ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Eos, Eros, Thanatos ᎠᎴ Nike.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ portrayed ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ, ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ agatohvsdi ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏂᏕᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ, ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ, ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ: ᎤᏅᏌ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᎭ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏂ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎢᏳᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏓᏅᏘᏴ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ

ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ. Jacob ᏓᎾᏠᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; Joshua ᎠᎪᏩᏘ ᎯᎠ "ᏗᏓᏘᏂᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ"; ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏬᎳ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏁᎸ, "ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ"; ᎯᎠ ᏧᏪᏥ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎦᎷᏨ "ᎡᏙᎠ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ" (Gen. xxxii. 2; Josh. v. 14, 15; ᎠᏯ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ, xxii. 19; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, ᎠᏯ. 6, ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ. 1; Ps. lxxxix. 6; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, xxxiii. 23). ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ (xxv. 3): "ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎿᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ armies?" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ, ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ "ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ".

ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, embassies ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ comprised ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏎᏒᏓ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏩᏒᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ designated: ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ, ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎥᎠᏩᏏᏐᏗ," "ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ," "ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Ꮎ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ," "ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ atuyasdodi," "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎡᏙᎲᎩ," ᎠᎴ "ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ" (Gen. xlviii. 16; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, xxxiii. 23; ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᎳ. xxiv. 16; Mal. ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ. 1; Isa. lxiii. 9; Ps. lxxviii. 49, R. V.). ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯim, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᏯim, chayot ("ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏕᏁᎳᏅᎯ"), Ofanim ("ᏗᎦᏆᏙᏗ"), ᎠᎴ Arelim (ᏄᏓᎴ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏁᎸ). ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎩᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ, ᎦᎪ dwelleth ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ"; ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏡᎬ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ (ᎠᏯ ᎦᏁᎳ. ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ. 4, Ps. lxxx. 2, Gen. ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ. 24). ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ Isaiah (vi. 2) ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎲᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎪᏯᏛ; ᎠᎴ Ezekiel ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ḥayyot (Ezek. ᎠᏯ. 5 ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ seq.) ᎠᎴ ofanim ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏁᎸ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎨᏛᎢ-ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏅᎯ (ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Zechariah [iii. 9, iv. 10]; ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel), ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᎾᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ.

ᎤᏰᎸᏛᎢ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᏴ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ; ᎤᏅᏌ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏫᎵ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ agatudesdi ᎤᏅᏌ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸᏍᎬ ᏂᏕᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ, ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏲᎢ, ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ foretold ᎡᏆᎭᎻ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏕᏅ Isaac, Manoah ᎯᎠ ᎤᏕᏅ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎡᏆᎭᎻ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ Sodom. ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᏗᏓᏅᏙ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ. ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏁᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Egypt, ᎦᏂ ᎠᏂ ᎯᎠ atuyastanv ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ (ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ. 23.20, Num. 20.16).

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏄᎪᏗᏍᎩ (ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ. 1) ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ Lord—unless ᎠᎭᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏭᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏅᏂᏙᎲ (ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Isa. xlii. 19, Ḥag. ᎠᏯ. 13, Mal. ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ. 1), ᏴᏫ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ meant—addressed ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ, ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎯᎠ atuyastanv ᎦᏙᎯ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏲᎸᎯ Elijah ᎭᏫᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏗᏔᏍᏗ (ᎠᏯ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ, xix. 5); ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ Jacob, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᏓᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎦᎪ ᎤᎾᎦᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ (Ps. xxxiv. 7, xci. 11). ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏓᎾᏩᏄᏁᎯ, ᏌᏊ ᎦᎪᏃ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏌᏊ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ Assyrian ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ 185,000 ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ (ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ, xix. 35); ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎠᎾᎩᏍᏗ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏥᏳ ᏧᏔᏅ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎨᏯᏔᎲᎾ Ethiopians ᎠᏍᎦᎢᎲ" (Ezek. xxx. 9); ᎯᎠ ᏦᏍᏗᏓᏄᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ scattered ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎤᏓᏍᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ (Ps. xxxv. 5, 6).

ᎠᏞᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᎳ. xxiv. 15, ᎦᎪ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎢᎦᏰᎵᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ personified, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ "ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ps. lxxviii. 49 ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ. "ᎤᏐᏅᎢ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎭᏂ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎩᏒᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ causative ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ"; ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᏄᏓᏅᏘᏴ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎦᎷᎦ (Ps. xxix. 1, ciii. 20, cxlviii. 2; ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Isa. vi. 2 ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ seq.).

ᎤᏅᏌ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ, ᎠᏂᏅᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ (ᎠᏯ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ, xxii. 19; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, ᎠᏯ. 6, ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ. 1); ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎤᏤᎵ "ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ" (Ps. lxxxix. 7, R. V.; . V. "ᏓᏂᎳᏫᎥ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ"). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎵᎪᏁᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎦ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ (Deut. xxxiii. 2; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, xxxviii. 7). ᎪᎯ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ; ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Zechariah, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ "ᎠᎢᏒ ᎠᎴ fro ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ (Zech. vi. 7).

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎳᏅ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎳᏅ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎧᏁᏨ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ Haggai ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ (ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ); ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ Ꮎ "Malachi" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏚᏙᎥ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ "ᎠᏂᏙᎯ" ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ". ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏯ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ, xiii. 18, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏲᎸᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏚᏙᏢᏒᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ existed ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏁᏝᎾ (Gen. ᎠᏯ. 26; ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ, xxxviii. 7). ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏩᏒᏗᏱ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎠᏂ; ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏰᎸᏍᎬ ᎠᏂ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏚᎾᏓᏚᏓᎸ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ. ᏫᏄᎳᏍᏙᏗ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎠᏂ; ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏄᎪᏗᏍᎩ, xiii. 18, ᎠᎴ Gen. xxxii. 30, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ questioned, ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ Michael ᎠᎴ Gabriel. Michael ᎨᏒᎢ Israel ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᏐᎢ nations—the ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ instance—were ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏄᏓᏛᏁᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ. ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏦᎢ ᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Daniel ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ, Zechariah graded ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ, ᎠᎴ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎠᏂ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ digatoli (Zech. ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ. 9, ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ. 10) ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ amesha spentas Zoroastrianism (ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Ezek. ix. 2).

Jewish ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ[edit]

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎢᏤ ᎧᏃᎮᏛ (ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ) ᎢᏗᎦᎸᎳᏗ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏟᎶᎥ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ Sodom. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏯᏙᎸ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ "ᎤᎭᎿᎸ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ" ᎦᎪ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎦ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏓᏄᏫ ᎯᎠ Israelites. ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Jewish ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᏓᏃᏏᏏᏍᎬ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᎪᏃ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏘᏉ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᏫᎵ. ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Tanakh ᎡᏙᎠ stunningly ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Jewish ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎫᏝᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ. ᏯᏛᎿ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Ezekiel, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ Ꮭ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏆ ᏱᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎪᎵᏍᏗᏱ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏓᎪᎥᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎨᏛᎢ-ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ Gabriel, Michael, Raphael, Uriel, Raguel, Sariel, ᎠᎴ Jerahmeel. Gabriel ᎠᎴ Michael ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Daniel, Raphael ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Tobit (ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏁᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ Deuterocanon) ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎵᏃᎯᏯᏍᎬ ᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ Enoch ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎢᏤ ᎧᏃᎮᏛ Pseudepigrapha (ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ Ethiopian ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ).

Maimonides ᎠᎴ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏙᎩᏯᏛ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏙᎢ accepted ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏙᎩᏯᏛ ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ Maimonides, Gersonides, Samuel Ibn Tibbon, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ., ᎧᏃᎮᎭ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎥᏝ mediated ᎾᎥᎢ ᏓᏂᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏂᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ. ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ, ᏂᎦᏛ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎪᎯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ: Maimonides ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎪᎵᏍᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎦᏔᎲᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏗᎭ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏔᎾᎯ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎪᏩᏘ Ꮎ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏧᏂᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᎪᎵᏴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏂᎪᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎢᎪᎯᏛ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ:4 ᎠᎴ ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ:6.

ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ:4
"...ᎪᎯ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ Aristotle ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎿᏛᎦ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᏚᏓᏂᏴᏒ. ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎦᎴᏴᏒ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏥᎸ; ᎠᏥᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ; ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎯᎠ 'ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ', ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ [planets] ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ....ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎦᏟᏌᏃᏅᎯ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᏚᎾᏓᏅᏛ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ intermediaries ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ [objects] ᎠᎭᏂ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎡᎶᎯ."
ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ:6
"...Aristotle ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ nexus ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎸᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏪᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎯ ᏫᎵ ᎥᏝ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᎵᏂᎬᏁᏗᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏛᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ", ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎯ ᎣᎾᏛ, ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᏂᎦᎥᏇ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏤᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ.
...ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎠᎭᏂ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎡᎯᏍᏛ ᎠᎳᏑᎶ ᎦᎵᏍᏜᎥ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ" ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎪᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ...(Maimonides ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎼᏏ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎯ, Plato, ᎠᎴ Midrash Bereshit Rabbah)...ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ not—as ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ mentality ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ suppose—to ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏛᏂᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᎲᎢ ᎠᏓᏕᏲᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᎦᏛ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏪᎵ ᎪᏪᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᏍᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏁᏝᎾ? ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ Ꮎ existence—including ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ are—is ᎠᏲᎸᎯ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ.
ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ! ᎯᎳᎪ ᏗᎨᏫ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏗᎨᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ naïve?! ᎢᏳᏃ ᏂᎯ ᎤᏃᎮᎴᎢ ᎩᎶ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ Israel Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎦ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿᎢ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏂᎸᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎯᎠ Deity—despite ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᎭ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏥᎸ ᏌᏊ ᏦᎢᏁ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᏂᎦᏛ ᎪᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏁᎵᏍᎬᎢ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ. ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏃ ᏂᎯ ᏚᎵᏃᎮᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿᏭᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ demarcating ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ Intellect—that ᎠᎭᏂ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎯᎠ "ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁ-ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ" ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ sages—then ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏫᎵ ᎥᎦᎷᏨ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ [the naïve person] ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎪᎵᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎯᎲ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ perceived ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ.
ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎥᏓᏗᎸᏉᏔᏅ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ clearly—to ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏔᎾᎯ themselves—that ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎡᏆ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ) ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏗᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Midrash Bereshit Rabbah "ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎪᎵᏍᏗ Ꮎ Ꮭ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏔᎵ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎿᏛᎦ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ."—which ᎨᏒᎢ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ. ᎦᎫᏍᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ", ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒᎢ, ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Bereshit Rabbah, "ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎢᎦ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᏌᏊ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ." Midrash Bereshit Rabbah, LXXVIII. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎪᎯ midrash ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ countered ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ...ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏛ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ Ꮎ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏲᎠᏍᏗ. ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏛᎴᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ; ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᏈᎵ ᎤᏂᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ....[Giving a few more examples of the mention of angels in rabbinic writings, Maimonides says] ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ agatudesdi ᎯᎠ gayatohvsdi Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᏗᎾᏕᏲᎲᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎤᏬᏚᎯ ᎪᎯ ᏫᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ mind—and ᎯᎳᎪ ᎠᏓᏕᏯᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ."

ᏌᏊ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᎯᏁᎩ Ꮎ Maimonides ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏓᏁᎭ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ" Jewish ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ 20th ᎠᎴ 21st ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᏧᏁᎸᏗᏯ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏗ.

ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ Maimonides ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏱᎸᏛ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ Jewish ᏁᎵᏒ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ millennia.

ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏤ ᎧᏃᎮᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ (e.g. Template:Bibleref (ᏧᏳᎪᏗᎭ), 4:11. (ᏥᏌ), Luke 1:26 (Mary), ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ 12:7 (Peter)); ᎠᎴ ᏥᏌ ᎠᏂᏁᎦ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎧᎵᏐᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ (E.g. ᎤᏙᏪᎸ 8:38, 13:27), ᎪᏣᎸᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏌᏊ ᎧᏁᎬᎢ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎥᏝ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏕᎨᎦᏨᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏨᏓᏓᏨᏍᏙᏗ (ᎤᏙᏪᎸ 12:25). ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏤ ᎧᏃᎮᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏁᏉᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ hierarchy, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏲᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏬᎳᏨ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Gabriel (Luke 1:19), Metatron (Rev. 10:1 - Ꮭ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏄᏓᎴ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ - ), ᎠᎴ Michael (Daniel 12:1), ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ, (ᎤᏙᏪᎸ 3:22) ᏨᏍᎩᎾ (ᎤᏙᏪᎸ 1:13), ᎠᎴ ᏨᏍᎩᎾ (Rev. 9:11); ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (Michael, Jude 9), principalities ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ (Rom. 8:38; Col. 2:10), ᎦᏁᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ (Col 1:16). ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏅᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ (Rev 7:1). ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ Asia ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Rev. 1-3. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ-ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏪᏥ ᎠᏫᏄᏥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Daniel ᎦᏙᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ; ᎤᏠᏱᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Gabriel ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ Mary ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏲᎵ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᏍᏕᎵᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎾᏛᏁᎸ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏕᏅ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Matt. 28:2, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏥᏌ' ᎦᏂᏌᎲ, ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎶᎻ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ, ᎤᏩᏓᏆᎴᎸ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂᏌᎲ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏃᎮᎴᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ-ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᏥᏌ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ. ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ 16:5, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏳᎳ-ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏒ ᎦᏂᏌᎲ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ." ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Luke ᎤᏤᎵ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ (Luke 24:4), ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏛᏊ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂᏌᎲ; ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ clothed ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ "ᎤᏥᏍᏓᎷᎩᏍᎬ ᏗᏄᏬᏍᏗ." ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ 20:12, ᎭᏢᏃ Mary ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂᏁᎦ "ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏁᎬ" ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂᏌᎲ ᏥᏌ.

ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ witnessed ᏥᏌ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎠᎴ prophesied ᎤᏤᎵ ᎥᎦᎷᏨ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ Peter ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏩᏗᏱ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎦᎸᏗ, ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᏓᏕᏒᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᏍᏚᏗ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎧᎵᎢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ. ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᏐᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ yvwatuwidv ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏓᏂᏃᎩᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢᏁ-ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ depicted ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎤᎭ argued Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ Ꮭ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᎦᏛ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ depicted ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎲᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎪᏯᏛ radiating ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ depicted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ. ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ 4th ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ depicted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᏯᏛ, presumably ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂ traveling ᎠᎴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏧᏓᏗᎩᏓ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏈᏙᏪᎸ. ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᏕᏕᏲᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏕᏕᏲᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ intermediaries ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎢᏳᏃ ᏰᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏃᏈᏏ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎾᎢ ᎪᎵᏍᏗᏱ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ). ᎤᏗᏗᏢᎢᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏇ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎪᎯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ).

ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ: Hierarchy ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ

ᏧᏁᎸᏗᏯ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏣᏘ influenced ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ hierarchy ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ Hierarchy, ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ-Dionysius ᎯᎠ Areopagite, ᎤᎧᏁᎳ 5th ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᎠᏪᎵ ᎪᏪᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᏃᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏣᏅᏗ Dionysius ᎯᎠ Areopagite. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; ᎠᎴ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ ᎤᎭ tended ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎤᎭ Ꮭ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎵᏴ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᎧᏁᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ.

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᏚᏂᏴ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏦᎢ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ hierarchies ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ subdivided ᎾᎾᎯ ᏓᎾᏓᏅᏍᎬᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᏗᏂᏃᎩᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏍᎪᎯ ᏓᎾᏓᏅᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ Hierarchy ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ: ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, Principalities, ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ, ᎾᏂᏍᎦᏅᎾ, ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ, ᎦᏁᎸ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ hierarchy, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ closest ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᏂᏚᎾᏛᏁᎵᏙᎸ; ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ-ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ Ꮎ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎳᎨᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎦᎷᏨ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏚᏓᏡᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎾᏍᏋ referencing ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ tsuqagutanvsv ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏢᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Paul "ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏗᏒᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ principalities ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ" (ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎶᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏂᏃᎩᏍᎩ, ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎶᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ).

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏚᏂᏴ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏗᎪᏍᎩ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎠ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏁᎶᎯ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏕᏅ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎥᏝ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ, ᎡᏍᎦᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮎ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ denominatios ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏓᎪᏍᎬ). ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ altar ᎤᎭ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎥᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏕᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏙᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ yvwatuwidv ᎯᎠ altar adalatudi ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏐᏈᎵ ᎤᏂᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᏛᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᏕᏅ ᏥᏌ). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ 40 ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎤᏍᏛᏗᏍᎩ Sebaste, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ 40 ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎶᎻ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎦᏙᎬ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᎥᏓᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏥ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ renounced ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᎯᏳᏗ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᏩᎲᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᎶ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎤᏍᏛᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ.

ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ Reformed ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏁᎶᎯ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ, ᏚᏂᏴ Ꮎ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎯᎠ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ" ᎠᎴ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᏥᏌ.

ᎢᎦᏛ lyudetiyvda ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎩ influenced ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ Maimonides, ᎠᎴ accepted ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏙᎢ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᏗᏓᏂᎸᏨᎯ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ mainstream ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ.

ᏨᏍᎩᎾ, Beelzebul, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ rebelled ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎩ expelled ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ. ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᏐᎢ ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ' ᎦᏁᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᏍᏋ rebellious ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏅᏙ ᎦᎪ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏝᎥ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎸ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᎯ ᎠᏍᎦᏯᎭ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏰᎸᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ afterlife, ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎠᎩᎶᎯᏍᏗᏱ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ. ᎯᎠ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Ꮎ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ, ᏴᏫ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᏨᏓᏓᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎪᎯᏓ (Luke 20:35-36), ᎠᎴ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎦ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ, ᎾᎾᎢ 1Cor 15:51, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ ᏫᎵ ᏗᎫᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (1 Cor 6:3). Flavius Josephus ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏰᎸᏍᎬ ᏨᏍᎩᏃ, VI, ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎦ resurrected ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ. Zechariah 5:9 ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ interpreted Ꮎ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ 1Cor 11:10 ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ interpreted ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎬᎾᏍᏗ ᎠᎨᏴ--ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ (Gen. 6) ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ conceiving ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ. ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᏕᏕᏲᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ ᎠᎴ resurrected ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ, ᎤᎲᎢ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏏᏇ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Swedenborgianism ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏕᏕᏲᏗ Ꮎ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ).

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᏴᏫ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎠᎴ risen ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᏅᏌ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᎾᎩᏍᎩ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏫᏍᏓᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ, ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎢᎦᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ deemed ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᏯ ᎠᏕᎳᏗᏍᏗ.

Islamic ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ[edit]

ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ: ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Islam

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Arabic, ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Qur', ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "Malaaikah"(ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ: Malak). ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ Islam, ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ Qur' ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ dictated ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ Muhammad ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Jibril (Gabriel). ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Islam.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Islam, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᏫᎵ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ) ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏁᏤᏗ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ, ᏩᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᏲᎵ, ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ environmental ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ (ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ nurturing ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᎴ distributing ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏍᎬ) ᎠᎴ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ. ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᏬᏚᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎪᏯᏛ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, Gabriel ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎲᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ-ᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᎪᏯᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ). ᎤᏅᏌ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ, ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎿᏛᎦ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ Islamic ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ committing ᎠᏍᎦᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ, ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ Iblis ᎦᎪ ᎤᏑᏰᏒ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ-ᏫᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎶᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ. ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ Quranic ayat (ᎤᏓᏢᎬ), "ᎠᎴ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ; "ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎢᏨᏌ unto ᎠᏓᏫ." ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ prostrated ᎤᏅᏌ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ Iblis. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ..." (Surat ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ-Kahf, 18:50). ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸᎭ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎣᏍᏓᎯᎨ ᎠᎴ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏁᎤᎸᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏏᎾᏒ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Jibril ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎥᏓᏘᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ (ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ, Torah, ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᎴ Qur'. ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ Michael (Mikaeel) ᎦᎪ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏍᎬ, Sarafiel (Israfil) ᎦᎪ ᏫᎵ ᎠᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᎿ Yaum ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ Qiyamah (ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ), ᎠᎴ Azrael (Izra'il), ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏚᎦᏘᎸᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ Ꮎ Gabriel ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ). ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Nakir ᎠᎴ Munkar ᎠᎴ ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎢᎦ; ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏐᏁᎳᏚ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ-ᎥᎪᏩᏘᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᏨᏍᎩᏃ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ (Surat ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ-Muddaththir, 74:30). ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏁᎳ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Ꮎ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (Surat ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ-Haaqqa, 69:17). ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏓᏥᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏗᏃᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᎪᏪᎸ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏛᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ.

ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎦᏔᎲᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ, ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ resurrected ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎢᎦ (ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Jannah (ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ), ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ).

ᎣᏂᏯᎨ-ᎢᎦ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ ᏫᏓᎧᏃᏗᏱ[edit]

Bern Switzerland ᏧᏂᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ Moroni

ᏧᏳᎪᏗᎭ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ, Jr., ᎠᏩᏥᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎢᎦ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏏᏙᎠ (ᏨᏓᏓᏨᏍᏙᏗ), ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ, ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎾᎿ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᏂᏚᏰᎸᏛᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ kenohedv ᏥᏌ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᏥᏌ ᎦᎶᏁᏛ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ-ᎢᎦ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ, (ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᏕᏠᏆᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ "ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ"):

"ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 'ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᏅᏙ'. ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ-ᎢᎦ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ Ꮎ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵ ᏚᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ: ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎭ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ ᎤᏇᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎳ. ᏗᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎦᎪ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎩᎳ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏇᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎳ (ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ), ᎠᎴ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎭ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏘᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ (ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ). ᏥᏭᏣᏔᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏨ 'ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ' ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏇᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎳ, ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ resurrected ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ (reembodied), ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ translated, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ Enoch, Elijah, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ. (D&C 129)."

ᏧᏳᎪᏗᎭ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ, Jr. ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ (ᏧᏳᎪᏗᎭ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ 1:31-33):

"ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᏓᏯᏂᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᏯ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏱᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏍᎪᏛᎭᎨ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎢᎦ, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎠᏍᎦᏯᎭ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎦᏂᏜᏗᏍᏗ, ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎴ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ.
"ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏲᏒᎯ ᎦᏚ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏬᏚ ᎦᎸᏈᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏥ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᎾᏥ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥᏇ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ; ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎠᏯ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏥᏍᏓᎷᎩᏍᎩ. ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᏃᏰᏂ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ, ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏰᏑᏜᏗᏍᏗ; ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ, ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ, ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏣᏍᏆᎳᏛ. ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎩᎳᎨᏂ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ. ᎠᏯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ Ꮭ ᏐᎢ ᏗᏄᏬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯ ᎦᏚ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎠᏯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏁᏥ.
"ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏚ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏁᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏯ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᏱ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ yvwatuwidv ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎠᏯ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎤᎦᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎠᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᎢᎲ; ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᏴ."

ᏴᏫ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎠᏓᏩᏛᎯᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᏧᏳᎪᏗᎭ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ, Jr., Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, ᏡᏡ Harris. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ Cowdery, Whitmer, ᎠᎴ Harris ᏂᎦᏛ ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᏍᏗ, ᎧᏂᎩᏛ ᎠᏂ retracted ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ conversed ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᎾ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ.

ᏚᎾᏙᎥ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎠᎴ Moroni, Nephi, ᏈᏓ, ᏥᎻ, ᎦᎳᏅᎯ, ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᏬᏍᎩ.

Michael ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏓᏫ (ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ) ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏴᏫ, ᎠᎴ Gabriel ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎸ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Noah (ᎯᎠ ᏌᏊ ᎦᎪ ᎤᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ).

ᏐᎢ ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Zoroastrianism, ᎯᎠ Amesha Spentas ᎤᎭ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᎯᏌᏅ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎤᏅᏌ don´t ᏩᏓᏁᏗᏱ ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ Ahura Mazda ("ᎠᎦᏔᎾᎯ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ", ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ); ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏓᎶᏙᏗ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏁᎸᏗᏯ ᏁᎵᏒ Zarathustra ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ (ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ Achaemenid ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ Zoroastrianism) ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ personalized, ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᏗᏁᏝᎾ (ᎠᏥᎸ, ᏗᎦᎪᎯᏗ, ᎠᎹ...).

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ Tennin ᎠᎴ Tenshi ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏣᏩᏂᏏ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏤ lyudetiyvda ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ.

ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎩᎵᏏ, ᎯᎠ lyudetiyvda ᎧᏁᏨ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ translated ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ" (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ"), ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ Hindus ᎯᏁᎩ Ꮎ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏲᎢᏳᏛᎾᎮᏕᎩ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎣᎯᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ lyudetiyvda ᎨᏒᎢ Ishvara (ᎯᎠ ᏭᏔᏅᎢ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ). ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏟ ᎢᏲᏍᏛ translated ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᎦᎵᏴᎯ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᏄᎾᎳᏂᎬᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ weaknesses. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎭᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏙᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏩᏒ ᎠᏂ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ't ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎥᏓᏘᏃᎯᏎᏗ Ishvara ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Abrahamic ᏗᏁᎸᏙᏗ (ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ, ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "devaduta" ᎠᎴ "duta"). ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ Indra, Mitra, Ashvins, ᎡᎶᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ. ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ Jainism ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏨ "ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ", ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ.

Thelema[edit]

Aleister Crowley ᎠᏁᎶᏔᏅ ᏕᏕᏲᏗ ᏴᏫ ᏂᎦᏥᏙᎲ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎯᎠ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᎵᏃᎮᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ". ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ Thelema, ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎩ one’s truest ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ. ᎦᏁᎳ Crowley, ᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏏᎾᏌᏂ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎶᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎩᏥᏍᎬ, ᎯᎠ Augoeides Iamblichus, ᎯᎠ Atman ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Daemon ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ Thelemites, ᎯᎠ ᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᏗᎵᎪᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ one’s HGA, ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ termed "ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᎵᏃᎮᏍᎬ." ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏂᎧᎵ gayatohvsdi ᎤᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏫᎵ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Crowley, ᎪᎯ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ:

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎥᏝ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᎨᏫᏒᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏏᏴᏫ ᎢᏳᏊ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᎵᏃᎮᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎠᏓᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎭ achieved ᎪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏎ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏃᏰᏂ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ, ᎦᎪ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ inevitably [be] relied ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᏂ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎡᏆ step—crossing ᎯᎠ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᏓᏅ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ. (Magick ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᏗᎦᏌᏬᏍᏗ, Ch.83)

Crowley ᎤᏒᏂᎸ Ꮎ ᏂᎦᏥᏙᎲ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᎵᏃᎮᏍᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ, Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ staked ᎯᎠ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏕᎵᏛ ᎬᏗ ᎠᏛᏁᎸᏗ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎤᏐᏅᎢ.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎠᎳᏍᎬᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ[edit]

ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ, Ꮎ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎳᏍᎬᏎᎬ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎪᎢ, ᏗᎦᎪᎯᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ, ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ. ᎯᎠ Persian ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ ᏗᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ ᏗᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ Jalal ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ-ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ Muhammad Rumi ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ Masnavi:

ᎠᏯ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎠᎴ ᏚᎴᏅ ᎦᎪᏘ,
ᎠᏯ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᏇ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ.
ᎠᏯ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏚᎴᏅ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ.
ᎦᏙᏃ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎠᏯ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎬ?
ᎠᏯ ᎠᏎᎢ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᏏᏇ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ
ᎤᎵᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᎳᏏᏕᎾ!
ᎠᏏᏇ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎠᏯ agilyoasdi ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ,
ᎠᏯ ᎠᏎᎢ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏓᏂᎶᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᎬ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ!
ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎠᏴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ
ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ, 'ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏎᎢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎥᎦᎷᏨ.'
(ᎠᏁᏢᏔᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Wikisource, Masnavi I Ma'navi, Book III, ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ XVII)’’

ᎯᎠ ᏧᎾᏁᎸᏗ ᎤᏝᏏᏛ Emanuel Swedenborg ᎤᎭ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏨᏓᏓᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᎨᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ, Ꮎ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏨᏓᏓᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ.

ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ media[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ 20th ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᏱ 21st Centuries, ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ viewed ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎨᏛᎢ-ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ-ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ-ᏴᏫ ᎠᏍᏛᎢ fallibilty, ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲ ᎤᎵᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ-ᎤᏯᏅᎲ 'ᎤᎾᏓᏕᏒᏓ-ᎪᎦᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ' ᎦᎪ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Constantine starring Keanu Reeves ᎠᎴ Michael starring ᎦᎳᏅᎯ Travolta.

ᎪᎯ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏕᏒᏓ-ᎪᎦᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏓᏪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ The Chain Smoking Angels residing ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Vietnam ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ Americana ᎠᎴ heartbreak.

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

ᎪᏪᎵ[edit]

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ᏓᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ[edit]

  1. "Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary." Theosophical University Press. (2006-03-17)
  2. J. Hampton Keathley, III, Th. M.. Angelology The Doctrine of Angels. ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-17.
  3. Jewish ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ. "Zoroastrianism", section "Summary". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  4. Jewish ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ. "The Babylonian Captivity". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  5. ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏧᎭᎨᏓ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ. "Zoroastrianism", section 3 "Possible Theological Influence" and section 4, "Angelology and Demonology". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  6. Lewis Loflin. "Judaism Meets Zoroastrianism". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  7. Jewish ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ. "Zoroastrianism", section "The Kingdoms of Good and Evil". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  8. New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. XII: Trench - Zwingli, pages 530-531. ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.
  9. James Patrick Holding. "Did Zoroastrianism Influence Christianity?". ᏥᏟᏌ 2006-03-15.

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