ᎩᏳᎦ

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ᎪᎯ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ gantlai. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏲᎲᏍᎬ aircraft, ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ Havilland ᎩᎤᎦ.
?ᎩᏳᎦ
Tamias striatus
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: gantlaiia
ᏆᎢᎳᎻ: Chordata
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: gantlaiia
ᎣᎸᏙ: Rodentia
ᏥᏓᎾᎷ: Sciuridae
Tribe: Marmotini
ᎨᏄᏍ: Tamias
Illiger, 1811
Species

23 species, see text

ᎩᎤᎦ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏌᎶᎵ-ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ rodent ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Tamias ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Sciuridae. ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 23 ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎦᏓ ᎦᏂᏴᏙ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ northeastern Asia, ᏌᏊ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ Canada ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ. ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ spelled "chitmunk" (ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ Ojibwe ᎧᏁᏨ ajidamoo, ᎦᏛᎬᎢ "ᎩᎦᎨ ᏌᎶᎵ"). ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ cited ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Oxford ᎩᎵᏏ ᏗᏕᏠᏆᏍᏙᏗ (ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 1842) ᎨᏒᎢ "chipmonk". ᏐᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ "chipmuck" ᎠᎴ "chipminck", ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 1830s ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎤᏆᏔᎸᏓ ᏌᎶᎵ", ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎪᏢᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ striped ᏌᎶᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏌᎶᎵ; ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎥ "ᎦᏙᎯ ᏌᎶᎵ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Spermophilus, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ Tamias ᎠᎴ Spermophilus ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏔᎵ ᎯᎠ 13 genera ᎦᏙᎯ-ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ sciurids.

ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏄᎪᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᏇ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎪᎨᏱ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏂ Ꮣ, ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏅᎩ ᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᏲᎵ, ᎠᎴ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂᏁᏉᎬ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎵ ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎬᎾᏍᏗ atsinuqowisgv ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏔᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ.

ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ depicted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏩᏱ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎰᎵ, ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ tuya aniladisgi, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏔᎵ bulging atsinuqowisgv ᎾᎿ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎠᏍᏆᎨᏂ, ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏘ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎣᏍᏛ. ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎤᎾᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ, ᎣᏍᏛ, ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏥᏍᏆ' ᏧᏪᏥ, fungi, ᏥᏍᎪᏯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ. ᎦᎷᏨ ᎤᎳᎪᎲᏍᏗ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᎴᏅᏗ stockpile ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎳ. ᏐᎢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎬᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᏛᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎬᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎬᏍᎦᎶᏗ. ᎠᏓᎾᏅ hoarders ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏁᏍᎩᎸᏒ iyuwakodi ᎠᎹ ᎦᏄᎪᎬ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏌᎶᎵ ᎠᎧᎵᏐᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏙᎯ ᎢᎾᎨ ecosystem. ᎤᎾᏤᎵ activities ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᎦᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᏫᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᏡᎬ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎪᏢᏒᎢ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ fungi, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ symbiotic mycorrhizal ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏕᏡᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ dispersal ᎯᎠ ᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ sporocarps (truffles) ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ-ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ mycophagous gantlai ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏏᎾᏒ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎴ.

ᎩᎤᎦ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ gantlai ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏥᏍᏆ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ opportunistic predators ᎤᏅᏌ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏏ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᏥᏍᏆ ᏧᏪᏥ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎵ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Oregon, ᎣᏓᎸ ᏣᏉᎳᏕ(Siala currucoides) ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ energetically mobbing ᎩᎤᎦ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏁᏍᎩᎸᏒ ᏕᏡᎬ.

ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 3.5 m ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ-ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᎲᎢ ᎠᏂᎩᏄᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᏭᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ.

ᎢᏳᏃ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏂᎦᎾᏰᏍᎬᎾ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏓᏂᎸᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏃᏰᏂ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎪᎵᏰᏍᎩ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎨᏯᏔᎯ gantlai ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᎯᏌᏅ ᏚᏓᏅᏗᏍᏔᏅ. ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏓᏬᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᎤᏩᏒᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ rodents, ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᏓᏍᎧᎷᏥ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏩᏗᏱ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏂᏰᎬ bacterial ᎥᏳᎩ.

ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ[edit]

ᎠᎧᏁᏍᏗ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

(Alvin ᎠᎴ) ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1958 Ross Bagdasarian (ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏲᏓᏜᎥ ᏚᏙᎥ David Seville, ᏓᎪᎥᎩ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ Seville, Spain) ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ "ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ" ("ᏓᏂᏍᏓᏲᎯᎲ, ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ't ᎾᏍᏋ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ"), ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ-ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏩᏒᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏦᎢ-ᎢᎦᏛ nvwatohiyadv. ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ-ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ cartoony ᎧᏁᎬ ᎤᏲᏴᎬ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏓᎪᎥᎩ "Alvin", "Simon", ᎠᎴ "Theodore" ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎸ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎸ. "ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎧᏃᎩᏍᏗ" ᎤᏪᏅᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏔᎵ Grammy ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅᎠᎴ ᎢᏤ "ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ" ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "David Seville & ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ" ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1961, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ television ᎧᏁᏉᎥᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ, ᎯᎠ Alvin ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ regained ᎤᎾᏤᎵᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ 1980s ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ Bagdasarian ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏪᏥ Ross Jr.. ᎢᏤ ᎧᏁᏉᎥᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ, Alvin ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ, debuted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1983, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ (ᎯᎠ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᏁᎸᎣᏙᏗ, 1987) ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ--video ᏣᏥᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 1990s ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ. Ross Bagdasarian, Jr. ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎬ ᎤᏲᏴᎬ Dave, Alvin, ᎠᎴ Simon ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ; ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎩ Janice Karman ᎾᏛᏁ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎬ ᎤᏲᏴᎬ Theodore ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎩᎤᎦ ᎠᏗᏆᎳᏕᏲ-ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎯᎠ Chipettes.

Walt Disney[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Walt Disney ᎤᏤᎵ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎶᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏤ ᎦᏓᎷᎦᏅ, ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ Kronk ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎩᎤᎦ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ. Walt Disney ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏔᎵ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᎩᎤᎦ, ᎤᏆᏔᎸᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ, ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ 1940'.

ᏐᎢ[edit]

ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ, ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏥᏍᏓᎷᎩᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ "ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏍᏗ ᏡᎬ ᏧᎾᎵᎢ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎩᎤᎦ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏩᏗᏅᏗ ᎤᎾᏠᏯᏍᏗ colourful ᎠᏙᎯ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ.)

ᎧᏅᏑᎸ[edit]

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

  • Nichols, ᎦᎳᏅᎯ D. ᎠᎴ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ Nyholm (1995). ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ ᏗᏕᏠᏆᏍᏙᏗ Minnesota Ojibwe. Minneapolis: ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ Minnesota ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ.

ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]