ᎦᏍᎩᎶ

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ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎬᎭᎸᏓ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᏅᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏅᎢ, ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎦᏗ, ᎦᏐᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ, ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ. ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᎭ ᏅᎩ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎤᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ. ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎦᏗ. ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ, ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ, loveseat (ᏔᎵ-seater ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ) ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᎯᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ footrest ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ . ᎦᏍᎩᎶ mounted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ theatre ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎦᏗ. ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᏅᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎧᏁᏉᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏃᎴ. ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢᎨᏙᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᎸᏉᏛᎾ drilled ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏓᏂᏥᎳᏓᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏃᎴ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎧᏁᏉᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ headrests. Headrests ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ whiplash injuries ᎯᎠ ᎠᎩᎳᎨᏂ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ-ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ.

ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ , ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᎴ atlvquodod ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎤᏓᏡᎬ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎬᏙᏗ. “The chair” ᎨᏒᎢ ᏙᎢ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎧᏁᏍᏙᏗ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏓᎾᏠᏍᎦ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ, iyuwakodi ᎯᎠ 16th sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏂᎬᏉ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᏥ, ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ iyuwakodi ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏗᎦᏗ ᏧᎩᏨᏅᏓ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ survived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ; ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎠᎴ seigneurial ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ. ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏄᏩᏓᎴ tsuqagutanvsv ᎨᏒᎢ derived ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏅᏯ ᎨᏛᏍᏗ, ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎶᏁᏍᎬ. ᎦᏲᎵ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᏒ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Egyptian ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎾᎾᎢ Cairo, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎾᎯᏴ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ Egypt ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎡᏆ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏗᎧᏁᏗ. ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᎤᎳᏏᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎪᎳ, ᎠᎴ carved ᎠᎴ gilded ᎠᏓ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎫᏝᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎪᏗ ᏗᎵᎬᏩᎸᏍᎩ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᏅᎩ ᏗᎦᏅᏌᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏥᏴᎩᏴ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᏓᏰᏏ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏑᏓᎵ centuries ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎦᎶᏁᏛ, ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎬ ᎦᏥᏃᏍᏛ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ, ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ. ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ (618 - 907 ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ), ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏗ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎤᏂᎩᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Chinese ᎣᏍᏓᎯᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ. ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ 12th sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi ᎦᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ Asian ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᎵᏱᎸᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᎵᏦᏗ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏙᏱᏗᏢ ᎦᏚᎲ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Europe, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ datsituga ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᏆ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᏑᎳᎪᏨ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏜᏅᏓᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᎾᏛᏁᎯ ᎠᎾᎵᎪᎲᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏇ ᏱᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏰᎵ ᎢᏳᏛᏂ ᎠᏩᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ. ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏜᏅᏓᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎬᏙᏗ. ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᎴᏅᎲ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᎦᏲᎵ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓnusdv tsvdadakenedi ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏑᏟᎶᏛ.

ᎯᎠ 20th sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi ᎤᎪᎲᎩ kanquotsegi ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ-ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎦᏇᏅᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ-ᎠᏗᏌᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᏗᎩᏓ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, moulded ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ergonomic ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎯᎠ recliner ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ television, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏔᎵ-ᎢᎦᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎠᏓᏅᏏᏙᎠ ᎯᎠ 1960s ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎢᏤ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ: ᎯᎠ ᎧᎹᎹ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, tuya ᎦᏅᏛᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏪᏥ-ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ urethane ᎤᏬᎩᎸ ᎠᎧᎵᎸᎯ Foof ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏧᏩᎦᏔᏅᏍ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "Poof ᎦᏍᎩᎶ". Technological ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ plywood ᎠᎴ laminate ᎠᏓ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎦᏃᏥ ᎠᎴ polymers. ᎦᏅᎦᎸᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ ᎦᎾᏗᏅᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᏁᏅᏒ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ.

ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ergonomics[edit]

File:Rough wood rocking chair.jpg
ᎪᎯ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᏧᏩᏚᏃᎯ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎤᏐᏅ ᎠᏓ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ-ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᎭᎦᏔ.

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ergonomic(ᎯᎳᎪ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ), ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ-ergonomic ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏚᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ, stackability, foldability, ᏄᏓᎨᏒ, ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ, ᎠᏍᎪᎸᎬ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ. ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎸᏓ ᎦᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏙᎬ. "ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎲ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ", ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᎵᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏗᎦᎸᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ; ᎢᏳᏃ ᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎢᏅ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏎᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ reclined. ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᎦᏎᏍᏗ television ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎸᏢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎳᏅ ᎤᏯᏅ.

Ergonomic ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎦᏗ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᏚᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ dangling ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ underside ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏂᎨᏂ ("popliteal ᎦᏇᏅᏗ"). ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮭ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎾᎯᏴ. ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎤᏣᏘ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ "ᎦᏗ ᎤᎵᏬᏨᎯ" ("ischial tuberosities").

reclining ᎦᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ ᏫᎵ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏐᎯ. ᎪᎯ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᎩ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ problematic ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏲᎢ ᎦᏐᎯ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏴᎵᏍᏗ ᎤᏬᎳ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ iyuwakodi, ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎤᏚᎸᏗ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎩᏒᎯ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ "ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ" ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏗᎴᏪᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏅᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ reclined. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, reclining ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᎲᏍᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ.

ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏫᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ, ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏐᎢ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ, backrests ᎦᎷᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏦᎢ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ: ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᏐᎯ backrests ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ. ᎦᏅᏬᎢ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ backrests ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᏬᎢ. Headrests ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ "whiplash" ᎠᎩᎳᎨᏂ injuries ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ-ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ jerked ᎦᏐᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏛᏊ. Reclining ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᏅᏬᎢ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ backrests ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᏬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᏐᎯ.

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ. ᎦᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎦᏥᏃᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ sitter ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ/ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎾᎿ.

ᏕᏥᎾ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᏗᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎢᎦᏛ, ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏂᎨᏂ, ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎤᏬᎳ-ᎦᏙᎬ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ padded ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏍᎩᎷᏗ. ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ, ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᎿ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ/ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ. ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ (ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ). ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ kanquotsegi ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᏚᏓᏂᏴᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎠᏍᏓᏯ ᎠᏓ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏁᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏓᏂᏴᏒ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎡᏆ ᎢᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᎿ Ꮎ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎿᎢ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ, ᏩᏂᎨ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᏫᏍᏗ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ distributing ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ. ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ, ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ firmer ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ. ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ ᏫᎵ ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ ᎯᎠ underside ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏂᎨᏂ.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎭᏢᏃ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ, ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ. ᎭᏢᏃ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ, ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ. contoured ᎦᏗ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ. ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎤᏤᎵ , ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏛᎯ.

ᎤᏙᎯᏳᏒ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏕᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ anthropometric ᏗᏟᎶᏛ. ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. Anthropometric ᎢᎦ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᏒ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ anthropometric ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ popliteal ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ popliteal ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ.

ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎶ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ seated, ᎯᎠ popliteal ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ underside ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎯᎠ underside ᎯᎠ thigh ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏂᎨᏂ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎯᎠ "ᎦᏗ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ". (ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎠᏂᏅᎢ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎧᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ seated.) ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ansigaya, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ popliteal ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ 16.3 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ 15.0 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ[1]. ᎯᎠ popliteal ᏂᎦᏛᎢ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎾᎬᏁᎲ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ, ᏗᏄᏬ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏯᏙᎯᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᏗ. ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ 17 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ.

ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎩᎶ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ seated, ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ popliteal ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ Ꮨ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ. ᎪᎯ anthropometric ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ. ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ 38-43 cm ᎠᏍᏛᎩ.

ᏗᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ anthropometric ᏗᏟᎶᏛ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎠᎧᏍᎨᏂ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ armrest ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ. ᎠᎩᏳᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ armrests. ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ-ᎧᏂᎩᏂ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ "ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ" ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᏓᏅ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. "ᎦᏗ ᎠᏗᏅᏗ" ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᏓᏅ ᏗᎦᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏥᏳ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙᎯ ᎠᎴ stadiums ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ ᎠᏗᏅᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ.

ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ adjustable ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎯᎠ ᏭᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴ ᏚᎵᏍᎪᎵᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎾᎬᏁᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎦᏁᎳ.

ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ[edit]

ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Japanese ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎬᏙᏗ zabuton ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ armrest
ᏴᏫ ᎤᎾᏦᏙᏗ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏝᎥ ᎡᎳᏗ

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ armrests. ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, armrests ᏫᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ armrests. Armrests ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏁᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎯᏗᎨ (ᎠᎴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᎨᏂ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ). Armrests ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᏟᏴᏌᏘ ᎠᎩᏳᏍᎨᏂ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᏯᏛᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎯᎠ armrest ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏫᎬᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᏐᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎾᏠᎦ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎩᏳᏍᎨᏂ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ.

ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ, ᎦᏅᎯᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏗᎦᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏍᏆᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ/ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ. ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏦᏎᏛᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏓᎸᎾᏍᏗ e.g. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᎿᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏝᎥ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏚᎸᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ. loveseat ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ, ᎤᎭ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ.

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎶᏗ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ, ᎠᎴ pictures of benches with and without arm rests.

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏗᎦᏗ[edit]

ᎦᏅᎯᏗ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏬᎳ ᎾᎿ

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏗᎦᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎯ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏐᎯ. ᎢᎦᏛ iyahdvnelidasdi ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ: ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᏗ.

  • ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎠᏓ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ.
  • ᎠᏓ slats, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎾᎿ ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ
  • Padded ᎦᏃᏥ, ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᏓ alenvdidsv ᎫᏝᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ ᎦᏃᏥ
  • Stuffed ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎤᏠᏱ padded ᎦᏃᏥ
  • ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ
  • ᎠᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ
  • ᏅᏯ, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎦᏓᏲᏍᏗ

ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎦᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ.

  • ᏗᎦᎾᏗᏫᏍᏗ, woven ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏁᏗ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ
  • ᎦᏃᏥ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ tooled ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ
  • ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ
  • ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ woven ᎾᎾᎯ ᎦᏗ, ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎣᏂ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ
  • ᏰᎵᏇ, woven ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎬᏅᎢᏍᏗ, ᎤᏓᏂᎳᎯᎨ, ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ, ᎦᎨᏛ Ꭺ, ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ grasses, ᎠᏍᏘᏍᎷᏍᎩᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎲᏲᎵᏓ ᏧᎾᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ
  • ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎪᏍᏚ, ᏧᏍᎦ ᎠᎴ ᏩᏁᎢ ᎢᎬᎾᏕᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ woven
  • ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ, ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎯ woven ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎦᏗ

ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ[edit]

ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏗᏓᏁᏤᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ codified ᎾᎾᎯ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ. ISO 9241-5:1988[2], "Ergonomic ᏚᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ (VDTs) -- ᎢᎦᏛ 5: Workstation layout ᎠᎴ postural ᏚᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ " ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏗᎪᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎩᎶ ᏂᏓᏳᏅᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ISO 6875. tuya ᎦᏅᏛᎢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ANSI ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ASTM F1912-98[3]. ISO 7174 specifies ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᏧᏩᏚᏃᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎡᏗᏱ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ASTM F1858-98 specifies ᎣᏂ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ASTM E1822-02b ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ stacked.

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ Institutional ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᏅᏗ ᎪᏢᏂᎥᎥᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏒ (BIFMA)[4] ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ BIFMA X5.1 ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏛᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ-ᎠᏲᏓᏅ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎾᏍᎩ specifies ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ[5]:

  • ᎦᏍᎩᎶ backstrength 150 ᎢᏧᏓᎨᏓ (68 kg)
  • ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎢᏳᏃ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏭᏚᏓᏲᎯᏎᎸ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ
  • ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ 75 ᎢᏧᏓᎨᏓ (34 kg) ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏛ (25 mm) ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ
  • ᎦᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ 225 ᎢᏧᏓᎨᏓ (102 kg) ᎤᏬᎭᏒᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ (150 mm) ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ
  • ᎦᏗ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ 100,000 ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ 125 ᎢᏧᏓᎨᏓ (57 kg) ᎤᏬᎭᏒᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 2 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ (50 mm) ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏗ

ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎦᎨᏓᎨ "ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ" ᏗᎧᎵ Ꮎ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏎ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎧᎵ, ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏄᎸᏅ catastrophically.

ᎡᏆ ᏓᎾᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᏩᎯᏍᏗ ᏫᎵ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏎᎸᎩ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ criteria ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏩᎯᏍᏗ [6]. ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏫᎵ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᏩᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ agencies (e.g. Canada ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏁᎳ ᏂᎦᎥ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏒᏓᎷᎦ ᏰᎵᏇ/CGSB 44.15M [7] ᎾᎿ "ᎦᏥᏃᏍᏛ ᏕᎦᏒᏛ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎠᏥᎸ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ" ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ/CGSB 44.232-2002 ᎾᎿ "ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎲ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ" ).

Accessories[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᏁᏍᎨᎲ-ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ footrest, ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ. ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎦᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ footrest ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏗ. ᎢᏳᏃ matched glider, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ mounted ᎾᎿ ᎠᏓᏁᏐᎳᏕᏗ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ glider.

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎫᏢᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎫᏢᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᎨᏂ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ adatolastanv ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏰᎯ ᏂᏕᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏕᎨᎦᏨᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏛᏓᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ decor. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏣᏅᏙ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ, ᎠᏇᎷᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏗᎧᏁᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᎵᏣᏗ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ couches ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏚᏁᏅᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ 20th sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi, ᎢᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗ ᏗᎵᎬᏩᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏂ.

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᏗᏯᎦᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᎩᎷᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏣᏅᏙ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏦᏙᏗ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ. Orthopedic backrests ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏁᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ. Obus Forme ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎦᎴᏴᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲᎩ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ ᎾᎿᎢ. ᎠᏦᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᏍᎨᎲ-ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ adjustable ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ.

ᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᏯᏖᏃ ᎦᏅᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᎠᏯᏖᏃ ᎦᏅᏗ ᏁᎵᏒᎢ ᎫᏢᏗ ᏯᏖᏃ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎾᎿ ᏗᎦᏆᏙᏗ ᎠᏲᏛᎯ ᎠᎯᏗᎨᎢ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏖᏃ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏖᏃ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎧᎵ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᎢᎩᏛ ᏂᎬᏁᎸ ᏰᎵ ᎢᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎪᏪᎶᏗ.

ᏄᏩᏓᎴ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᏕᎦᏃᏛᎢ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ draped ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ ᏩᎾᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏚᏂᏴ ᏄᏩᏓᎴ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏎᎯᎯ-weighted ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏠᎳᏙᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏩᏓᎴ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ.

ᎩᎵᏏ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ[edit]

ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᏂᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏛᎢ ᏂᎯ ᎦᏗ, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ suspenseful ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ.

ᎢᏳᏃ ᏂᎯ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏨᎩ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏂᎯ ᎦᏍᎩᎶ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏂᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒ.

Activities Ꮎ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎪᎳᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ rearranging ᎯᎠ deckchairs ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Titanic.

ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎩᎵᏏ-ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏚᎦᏘᎸᏒ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ, ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎧᏁᏣ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏍᎩᎶ.

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]