ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

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Yagua ᎠᏴᏫᏯᎢ ᎠᏧᏣ, ᏧᎦᎾᏮ ᎠᎹᏰᎵ, ca. 1924

ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎦᏂᏓᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ, ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎬᏫᏳᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ .

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᏙᎲᎾ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏎᎸᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏛᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ dermis. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ-ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ" (trichome) ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎦᎪᏘ. ᎯᎠ ᏂᎯ ᎾᎿ arthropod, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏨᏍᎪᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎿᏁᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᏨᏍᎪᏱ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᏴᏫ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ varieties ᏪᏌ, ᎩᏟ, ᎠᎴ ᏥᏍᏕᏥ ᏗᏓᏓᏂᎸᏣᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

"ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᎨᏳᏣ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ", ᎾᎥᎢ Sophie Gengembre Anderson

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ mammal, ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᏛ-ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ, ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ. ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏗᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏌᎨᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏚᏃᎯᏍᏔᏍᎧ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ: coverage ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᎦᏁᎦ (ᏯᏛᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ").

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᏌᏊ ᎠᏂᏁᎢᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏍᏆᎵᎯᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ thinner ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ adaptations ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏩ ᏂᎬᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᏅ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ bipedal ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᎦᏘ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏂᎬᏅ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ cursorial ᎠᏂᏃᎯᎵᏙᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏐᎢ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ Ꮎ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎸᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ thinning ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ chimpanzee ᎠᎴ ᏄᏁᎸᎾ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏚᏓᏩᏗᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏚᎸᏌᏛ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ bipedal ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏘᏉ predates hominid' ᎠᏓᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏙᎯ ᎢᎾᎨ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏂᎬᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ[citation needed].

ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ (ᎯᎠ "Aquatic ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ") ᎤᎭ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎬᏙᏗ postulated ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ bipedal ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹ ᎤᎯᏌᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Danakil ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Ethiopia, ᎠᏎᏱᎩ ᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ hominid ᏚᎾᏓᏚᏓᎸ ᎠᏰᎵ 5 ᎠᎴ 7 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎢᏳ ᏥᎨᏒ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏛᏍᏓᏅᏅᏍᎬ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎵᏦᎯᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ streamlining ᎠᎴ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ aquatic ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ; ᎯᎠ eccrine ᎠᎵᎠᎷ glands ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ hominids ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎪᎯ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏄᎸᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎢᏧᎳ chimpanzees ᎠᎴ ᏄᏁᎸᎾ ᎤᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ eccrine glands, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᎠᎷ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ.

ᏦᎢᏁ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᎨᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎠᎵᏔᏲᏍᏗ Ꮎ Fisherian ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎠᎭᏂ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ)[citation needed]. ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ neoteny, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ-ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎬᎢ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏑᏰᏛ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ). ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ), ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᏥ, ᎤᏍᏉᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ). ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ sexual dimorphism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏚᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎥᏝ ᏳᏓᎷᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏔᎵ theories ᏝᏰᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏓᏂᎳ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎾᏛᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ. ᏰᎵᏊ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏰᎸᎭ ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ., ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "sexy" ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ.

ᏄᏓᎴ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ-ᎠᎨᏳᎯ ᎠᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎿᏗᏢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ. "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ, ectoparasite ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᏂᏛᎦ, ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᎪᏗᏳ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᏚᏂᎬᏩᎶᏛ - ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ", "ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ hairlessness ᎨᏒᎢ adaptation ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ectoparasite ᎠᎧᎵᎢ." ᎠᏗᎭ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ Pagel, evolutionary biologist, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ Walter Bodmer ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏓᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ, UK. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏏᎾᏒ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ 'ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ' ᎬᏙᏗ ᏧᎾᏄᏬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ, ᎪᎯ adaptation ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ. "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎣᏍᏛ ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ gene/ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ-ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ" ᎠᏗᎭ Pagel. "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲᎩ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏲᎱᏎᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ." ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ scenario sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᎲᎩ ᎦᏣᏄᎳᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ.

ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Hopi ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏣᏅᏗ, ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ Edward . Curtis, 1922

ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᏦᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ:

  • Lanugo, ᎯᎠ ᎣᏌᏂ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎸ fetuses
  • Vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ, ᎣᏌᏂ, "ᏆᏅ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ" ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes
  • ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎵ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ, coarser, thicker, ᎠᎴ darker ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ noticeable ᎢᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ. Ꮝ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ termed alopecia, ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ baldness.

ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏗᎦᎪᏘ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎾᎪᎲᎾ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎾᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ: ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ, ᎯᎠ ᏂᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎳᏑᎶ ᎦᎵᏍᏜᎥ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ, ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎸᏒ ᏂᎦᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ centimeter) varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᏄᏓᎴ.

ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ hormone(androgen) ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᏂᏕᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏍᏗ androgen, ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ testosterone ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ; ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ termed androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ sensitivities. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ testosterone ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎧᏁᏉᎠ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓᎧᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ androgen sensitivity. ᎯᎠ pubic ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏁᏟᏴᏌᏘ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᎨᏓᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ androgens.

ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ androgens ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes, ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ underarms ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ pubic ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ, ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ sexual dimorphism ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ facial ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏁᏥ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏃᎨᏂ) ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ vellus ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ. ᎯᎠ genetic ᏚᏂᏲᏍᎬ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ-ᎦᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎵᏌᎳᏗᏍᎬ androgens ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ androgenic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ hirsutism. ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎵ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ hypertrichosis. ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎧᎵ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏅᏬᏘ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎾᎿ cultural ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ.

ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ

ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗᎭ ᏗᎴᏪᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴ dormancy. ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ, ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᏃᎯᏍᏔᏍᎧ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏦᎢᏁ millimeter ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏦᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎾᎴᏫᏍᏗᏍᎬ (ᎯᎠ pubic ᎠᎴ armpit ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ). ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏍᏕᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ. ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ dormancy, ᏄᏓᎴ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎠᏓᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ ᎢᏤ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ pushes ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ. ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎾᎬᏁᎲ, ᎠᏛᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎡᏆ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏚᎦᏔᏬᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏛ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 1.25 centimeters, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 0.5 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏛes, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏏᏅᏙ. Anthropologist ᎠᏩᏒᏗᏱ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏣᏅᏙ, byproduct ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎤᏝᏅᏓᏕᎲ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ Fisherian ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ sexual ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ marker ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ (ᎬᏙᏗ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎤᏓᏠᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ—ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 1 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ ᎠᎴ 39 ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ—ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ 80 ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 7 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎠᏛᏍᎬ). ᎪᎯ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏗᎪᏏᏐᏗ ᎦᏙᏃ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ sexes) ᎨᏒᎢ viewed ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᏊ.

Aging[edit]

ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏴᏫ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ colorless. ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ aging. ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ 75 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏲᎵᎨ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, Ꮎ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ - ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ/ᎤᏓᏂᎳᎯᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ overall 'ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ' ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎿ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ, ᏴᏫ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏍᎪᎸᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ aging. ᎩᎦᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ doesn't ᎠᎦᏔᎲᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ; ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏃᏯᎭ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ afterward ᎠᎦᏔᎲᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎥᏝ ᎪᎱᏍᏗᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ medula ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏔᏅ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᎦᏘ ᎠᏥᏍᏓᏁᎦᎸᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎠᎴ thinning ᏂᎦᎥᏊ accompanies aging ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ Ꮎ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᏉᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ baldness ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ 50[1]. ᎯᎠ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ baldness ᎨᏒᎢ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ shared ᎾᎥᎢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎠᎵᏣᏙᎲᏍᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎤᎭ evolutionary ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᏴᎩ ᏫᎵ ᎬᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ; ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎦ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎦᏚᏫᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᏛ dehydrate, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᏴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ.

Pathological ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᏄᏬᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏰᏍᎩ chemotherapy ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, noticeable ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎠᎴ eyebrow, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎤᎵᏍᏓᎯᎨ dividing ᎦᏁᎸ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ cancerous ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ. ᏐᎢ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎠᎴ traumaᏰᎵᏇ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ patches.

ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏓᎾᏅ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏓᎯᎯᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎯᏍᎩ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ Col. Lafayette Baker, ᎦᎪ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 3, 1868, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᏅ spectrophotometer ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᎳᏩᏎᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ Wally Pollack, Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᎾᏓᏅᏟ-ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ-ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ. ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ. ᎠᏨᏍᏛ . Neff, Pollack ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏅᎾᏩ Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏬᎩᎸᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎠᎨᏴ. Baker ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎤᏁᎵᏒᎯ ᎦᎫᏍᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎪᏪᎵᎠ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏗᎾᏓᏅᏟ ᎤᏤᎵ suitcoat ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦ.

ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ[edit]

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ Factbook, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 17 181 µm (millionths ᎠᏎᎯᎯ), ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ 0.017 mm 0.181 mm.[1] g ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ]]

Cultural ᏄᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ[edit]

ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᏴᏫ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎾᎬᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎶᏗ, ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏣᏅᏗ," ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗᏳ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᏉᏤᎸ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎡᏙᎠ societies ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎯᎠ haircut ᎤᎭ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ cultural ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ Egypt ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ shaved, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ. ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏓᎦᏏ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Egyptian ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᎸ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᏙᏄᏭᎢ ᎪᎯ "sidelock". ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏔᎾ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ shaved ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏄᏦᏎᏛᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᏘᎾ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᏙᏄᏭᎢ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎪᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎶᎻ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎦᏳᎳ differed ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ haircuts. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏌᏁᏒ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎬᏙᏗ henna ᎠᎴ sprinkled ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏓᎶᏂᎨ ᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᏣᏅᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᏤᎢ ᎠᏂᏥᎸᏍᎩ. Men’s ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭᏊ shaved. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎶᎻ hairdressing ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩes ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏁᏙᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏩᏛᎯᏙᎸᎩ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᏍᏙᏰᏍᎩ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ.

Maasai ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᎾᎵᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ styling

ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ styling ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ Africa ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎳᎪ ᏴᏫ dealt ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎯᎠ Maasai ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᎾᎵᎯᏗᎧᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎾᎿ ᏕᎨᏒ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏇᎷᎬᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎤᏓᏠᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ. ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᎾᎵᎯ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, shaved ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏂᎳᏍᏓᎸ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎢ; ᎢᎦᏛ stiffened ᎾᏍᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ.

ᎠᎵᎪᏁᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ cultural ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ influenced ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎾᏣᏅᏙᏗ. ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ 17th ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ 19th ᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎭ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏗᎧᏁᎸ-ᎦᏐᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ponytail. ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎵ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ-haired ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ Oliver Cromwell, George Washington ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᎵᎨ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ Napoleon Bonaparte ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᎴ flamboyant ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᏯ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎭᏄᎸᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓᎷᎦᏅ ᏓᎾᏩᏄᏁᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ 1914 ᎠᎴ 1918 ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᏘᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏣᏑᎦ ᎥᏳᎩ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ prompted ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ persisted.

ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏓᏌᎳᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎧᏁᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎪᎯᏳᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ. ᏗᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ, ᏗᎨᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏄᎸᎲᏍᎩ armies ᎨᏒᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏙᏯᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᏳᎳᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎶᏂᎨᏍᏛ.

ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏙᏄᏭᎢ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ lifestyle ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᏧᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᏩᎾᏓᎴᎩ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏌᏊ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ Pentecostal ᏚᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎠᏑᎳᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ trimming ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ ᎯᎠ 1960s ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᏙᎯ ᎠᏕᏗ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ. ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏯᏏᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ centimeters) ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᏍᏓᏁᎦᎸᏓ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ. ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᏛᏏᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ (midpoint ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎸ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏗᏢᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ thigh), ᎤᏓᏠᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ, ᎠᎧᏍᎨᏂ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ-thigh. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎩᏍᎪᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ, ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏓᏠᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ. ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ varies ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ overall ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ. ᎡᏆ ᎧᎾᏁᏍ ᎾᎥ ᏄᎾᏓᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᎦᎳᏍᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ lifestyle.

ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᏫᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏁᏥ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎴ masculinity; ᏐᎢ societies ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ youthfulness.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ Egypt, ᏴᏫ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ, ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏬᏚ. ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ Egyptian ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎡᏆ ᎤᏓᏍᏓᏲᎯᏎᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎭ ᏏᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏰᎸ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ (ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ[2]). ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ, ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎩ ᎠᏛᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏬᏚ. ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ reflected ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ pubic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. Islam ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎪᎯᏳᎯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎲᏏᏓᏍᏗ armpit ᎠᎴ pubic ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎯᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ fitrah).

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ societies ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ ᏔᎵᏍᎪᎯᏁ sᏍᏉᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎨᏴ, ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎲᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ. ᎯᎠ bikini ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ sexual ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ advertising ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎠᎾᏓᏅᏖᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎯ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ. ᎪᎯ media ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᎴᏅᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᏐᎢ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎤᏁᏉᎢᏍᏗ ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ, ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎦᎪᏃ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏛᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "manscaping".

ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ[edit]

ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ specialized ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ, chemicals ᎠᎴ techniques. ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᎾᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ societies.

ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᏴᏫ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ pelage, ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏩᏅ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ pelage ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏧᏣᏯᏍᏘ ᎤᏁ) ᎠᎴ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ (ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᏙᎬᏢᏓᏥ). ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ pelage ᎭᏢᏃ ᎤᎸᏑᏘ ᎠᎴ unpigmented ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ sunlight, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ultraviolet ᎠᏨᏍᏛ, ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎦ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ aquatic ᎦᏂᏝᎢ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏔᎾ ᎠᏣᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏎᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏂ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ pinniped ᎠᎴ ᏥᏯ ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ). ᏂᎦᎥ ᎠᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏂᏚᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ (ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ centimeter). ᎡᏆ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎧᎹᎹ ᎠᎴ ᎳᏃᏏᎳ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ (ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ overheating) ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎠᏰᎸ ᎤᏍᏗᏰᎬ.

ᎯᎪᏩᏔ ᎾᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

ᏓᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ[edit]

  1. "Uncovering the bald truth about hair loss." Springfield ᏗᏤᎢ-ᏗᏓᏘᏁᎯ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 10, 2005. "ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ" ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎢᎬᎢ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎵ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎪᎯ ᎢᏳᏗᎾ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏨᏓᏓᎧᏁᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ.
  2. Dersin, Denise, ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ. (Eds.) (1996). ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ Nile. Richmond, Virginia: ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ-ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏗᎪᏪᎵ.

ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

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