ᎠᏫ

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?ᎠᏫ
Deervelvet.jpg
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: gantlaiia
ᏆᎢᎳᎻ: Chordata
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: gantlaiia
ᎣᎸᏙ: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
ᏥᏓᎾᎷ: Cervidae
Goldfuss, 1820
Subfamilies

Capreolinae
Cervinae
Hydropotinae
Muntiacinae

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ruminant gantlai ᎤᎾᏙᏣᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Cervidae. ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ Artiodactyla, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ.

ᎤᏁᎬ-ᎦᏛᎢ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ

ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ gantlai, gantlai, ᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎴ ᏩᎦᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ, ᎦᏣᏄᎳ ᎠᎴ ᏩᎦ. ᎠᏲᎵ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ calve ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ, ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎠᏓᏅᏙ). gantlai ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ gantlai, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ gantlai tsuqagutanvsv Ꮝ ᎯᏍᎩᏁ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Shakespeare ᎤᏤᎵ "Romeo ᎠᎴ Juliet" ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ Tybalt ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᏂᎦᏘᎴᎩ Montagues ᎠᎴ Capulets ᏥᏄᏍᏗ hartless ᎣᏂᏗᏢ. "ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ gantlai" ᎠᎴ "ᎯᎠ ᎩᎦᎨ gantlai" ᎠᎴ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎩᎵᏏ pub ᏚᎾᏙᎥ.

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏴ, ᎠᎴ hunted, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ Australia, Antarctica, ᎠᎴ Africa. Australia ᎾᏛᏁ ᎤᎭ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎪᏢᏅ sustainable ᎨᏯᏔᎯ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Acclimatisation ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᏣᏥᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 19th ᏍqᎣᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏤᏫᏍᎬ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, gantlai ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᏏᏆ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, Rusa ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎠᎴ Chital ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ[1]. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏙᎯ, environmental ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎠᏓᏍᏚᏁᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ habitable patches, ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎾᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᏢᏲᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ. ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎢᏤ Zealand ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱ 1900s (ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Theodore Roosevelt) ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎡᏆᏯ ᎫᏄᏡᏂ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎦᎶᎨᏒᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ 1960s ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᎦᎶᎨᏒ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎾᏊ.


ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏚᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏐᎢ ruminants ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᏧᎷᏄᎯᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏲᎾ. ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏛᏏᏗᏒ Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ (ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎨᏱ) ᎠᎴ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎷᏬᏗ ᎠᏂ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏓ). ᎠᏲᎵ ᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ ᎠᏫ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏔᎵ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏂᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏕᏅ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ wrapped ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏓᏫᏍᎦᎨ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲ Ꮎ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᏏᏅᏙ, iyuwakodi ᎯᎠ ᎪᎳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏯ; ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏫᏍᎦᎨ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏚᎦᏔᏬᎸ. ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃ ᎦᏅᏗ ᎢᏳ ᎤᏕᏘᏴᏌᏗᏒ, ᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ ᎠᏫ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᎳᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏜᏅᏓᏕᎲ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᎾᏝᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ ᎠᏫ ᎦᏐᏆᎸ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᎢ, ᎠᏗᏌᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ, ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ, ᎠᎴ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏗ.

ᎦᏣᏄᎳ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᎭ ᏌᏊ ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎾᎾᎢ iyuwakodi (ᎠᏂᏦᎢ, ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ). ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎬᏉ ᎠᏰᎵ 160 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ (ᎣᏍᏛ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 5 ᎢᏯᏅᏓ) ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ gantlai ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏕᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏭᏯᏔᏅ ᎫᏝᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎪᏢᏒᎢ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏓᏲᎱᏎᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᏢᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎩᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᎦᏴᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ (ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏤᏫᏍᎬ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎦᎪ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮝ ᎪᏢᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏔᎳᏍᎪᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ Ꮝ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎳᏍᎬᏎᎬ. Ꮝ ᎤᏂᏥ ᎠᏓᎸᎾᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ iyuwakodi ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᎦᏩᏒᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ predators ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ. Ꮝ ᎤᏂᏥ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎦᏍᎦᏂ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ. ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ Ꮝ ᎤᏂᏥ ᎠᏎ ᎤᏓᏂᎳ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎡᎳᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᎳᏏᏕᎾ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎬᏍᎦᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᏑᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ iyuwakodi ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎠᎢᏒ ᎬᏙᏗ Ꮝ ᎤᏂᏥ. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏔᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ, ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎢᏒ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏦᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎵᏔᏕᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᎤᏂᏥ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏌᏊ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎾᎩᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ. ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎥᏝ ᎠᎪᏩᏘ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏂᏥ ᎠᏏᏇ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎨᏴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᎷᏨ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᎾᏝᎢ.

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᎭ ᎦᏓᏆᎵ, ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ, ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᏧᎾᏙᎳᏨ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏯᏔᎳᏨ woodland terrain. ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎵᎶᎲᏍᎩ swimmers. ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ ᎠᎦᏆᎵ ᏕᎦᏅᏙᎬ ᎤᎭ ᎦᏁᎸ ᏣᎴᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏰᎵ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎠᏍᏙᏍᏗ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎢᏴ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ. ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ruminants ᎠᎴ cud-chewers ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ ᏅᎩ-chambered ᎤᏍᏉᎵ. ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᎭ facial gland ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ agatoli. ᎯᎠ gland ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏐ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏗᏳ ᎦᏩᏒᎩ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ pheromone, ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏙᏪᎸ Ꮝ ᎣᏪᏅᏒ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ. ᏧᎧᏅᏍᏕᎾ ᎠᏫ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ glands ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎤᎭᎿᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏍᎦᏍᏓᏁᎸ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏪᎳ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ gallbladder. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎨᎳᏛᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ Chinese ᎠᎹ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏚᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏐᎢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ Ꮭ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎩᏟ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎦᎾᏙᎬ.

ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 34 ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ, uniyatolv ᎾᎾᎯ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᏚᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ: ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ subfamilies Muntiacinae ᎠᎴ Cervinae; ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎯᎠ subfamilies Hydropotinae ᎠᎴ Capreolinae. ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᏗᏗᎦᎴᏴ: ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏤ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎦᎾᏫᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ Korea.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᎵᏒ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏤ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 5 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎢᏳ ᏥᎨᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏙᎯ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Asia.

Genera ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ Cervidae ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎦ:

ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ
Pudú, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ selective ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᎳᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ, unspecialised ᎤᏍᏉᎵᎾᎥᎢ herbivore ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏚᎵᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ: ᏛᏓᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎪᎢ ᎠᏛᏍᎬ ᎢᏤ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎡᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎲ. ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎡᎳᏗ-ᎠᏲᏓᏅ, ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎠᏫ ᎤᏃᏕᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏩᎦ ᎿᏛᎦ, ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎠᎯᏗᎨᎢ digestible ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ, ᎠᏲᎵ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ, ᎢᏤᎢ grasses, ᏩᏂᎨᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ, ᎤᏓᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ, fungi, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏣᎴᏔ.

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᎭ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ. ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎯᏗᎨᎢ ᎫᏄᏡᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎤᏃᏕᎾ, ᎤᎦᏐᏣᏁᏛ, ᎠᏛ ᏏᏆ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏩᎦ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ. ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎭᏫᏯ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ hunted ᎠᎴ farmed, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎣᎦᎾᎯᏎᏗ.

ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎷᎦ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ gland ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏉᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ medicenes ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ. Deerskin ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎳᏑᎶ, ᏗᎬᏩᎵᏲᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎵᏰᏑᎶ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏧᏲᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᏗᎦᏘᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᏕᎫᎭᎸ. ᎯᎠ Saami Scandinavia ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Kola ᎦᏙᎯ Russia ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ nomadic ᏴᏫ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Asia ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᏫᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᏗᏄᏬ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ gantlai ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎫᏄᏡᏂ ᎠᎴ herded ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Europe ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎯᎠ Inuit. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᎣᎦᎾᎯᏎᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎨᏒᎢ imported ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎢᏤ Zealand. ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎠᏲᎸᎯ ᎢᏤ Zealand ᎾᎥᎢ European ᎦᏁᎳ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏥᎸᏍᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᏓᎯᎨ. ᎪᎯ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎡᏆ environmental ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ controlled ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏂᏃᎯᎵᏙᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏓᎦᎶᎩᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 1960s. ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏕᎦᎶᎨᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏤ Zealand ᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 3,500, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 400,000 ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ.

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏓᎵᏔᏕᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅ ᎣᏓᎼᏈᎵ ᏄᎵᏍᏛᏊ, ᏯᏛᎾ ᎪᎯ ᏅᏃᎯ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ.

ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ (1859) Charles Darwin ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅ "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎠᏯ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎣᎾᏛ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ-authenticated ᏕᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ utvhisdi ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎿᎢ ᎡᎥ, ᎠᏯ ᎤᎭ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Cervulus vaginalis ᎠᎴ Reevesii [...] ᎠᎴ ᎠᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎤtᎥᎯᏍᏗ." ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ varieties muntjac ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ.

ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏓᏂᎸᏣᏘ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎭᏫᏯ ᏚᏓᏲᏒᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ farmed ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ. ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᏧᎾᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏂ, ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎠᏫ ᎡᏆ (ᎠᎴ Wapiti) ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏴᎵ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤtᎥᎯᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ. (ᎯᎠ European ᎠᏫ ᎡᏆ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏓᎴᎿᎥ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ gantlai ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ.) ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 30% ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏧᎷᏄᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ comparing ᏓᏫᏍᎦᎨ ᎠᏄᏬ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ. Wapiti ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎢᎦᏛ European ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᎾᏝᎢ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏗᎦᎪᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᎪᎯᎸᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏪᎵᏒ ᎠᎵᎢᎵᏒ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏤ Zealand, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ Wapiti ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ Sika ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏤ Zealand ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ hybridized ᎬᏙᏗ Pere David ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ farmed ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏕᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹ ᎦᏄᎪᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ insemination ᎠᎴ ᎦᏐᎯ-ᏗᎦᎾᏗᏫᏍᏗ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Canada, ᎯᎠ ᏓᎦᎶᎩᏍᎬ European ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ Wapiti. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Britain, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ Sika ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ. ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ Sika ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ/ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎠᏲᎵ Sika gantlai ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎪᏢᏅ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎭ Ꮭ Sika ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎣᏂᏗᏢ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ utvhisdi ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ Sika ᎠᎴ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ (ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ), ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ mongrelization. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ Sika ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏘᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎦᏳᎳ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ, ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ mated ᎤᏁᎬ-ᎦᏂᏓᏛ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ. ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ/ᎠᎨᏴ ᎤᏁᎬ-ᎦᏂᏓᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏁᎬ-ᎦᏂᏓᏛ/ᎠᎨᏴ ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ matings ᎤᎭ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ. ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 50% ᎯᎠ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏫ ᎠᎩᎾ survived ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎦᏲᎵ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ. ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏯᏔᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ disadvantaged ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ't ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᎤᏓᏘᏰᏗ ᏩᎵᏃᎯᏯᏍᎬ strategies. ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏩᎦᏛ ᎠᏓᎾᏫᏛᏗ (ᏂᎦᏛ 4 hooves ᎠᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "stotting") ᏗᏓᎩᏯᏍᏗ predators. Stotting ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ specialized Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 100% genetically ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎢᎦᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᏴᎩᏴ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ, ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏌᏊ-ᏧᏁᎵᏁ ᎤᏁᎬ-ᎦᏂᏓᏛ/ᎦᎵᏉᎩ-ᏧᏁᎵᏁ ᏗᎦᎵᏯᏅᎯᏓ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᏗᏓᎩᏯᏍᏗ behaviour ᎠᎴ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎧᏁᏍᎦ ᏩᎵᏃᎯᏯᏍᎬ ᎧᏁᏉᏍᎬ lyudetiyvda. ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎿᏛᎦ ᏩᎵᏃᎯᏯᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏗᏁᎶᏗᎢ ranches ᎭᏢᏃ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏢᏃ predators ᎠᎴ controlled ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ.

Fictional ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ[edit]

ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ ᎠᏓᏟᏒᎢ
"ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎠᏫ ᎢᎾᎨ ᎡᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎤᏅᏌ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ hunted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᎩᏟ," ᎠᎩᏒᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ "Livre du Roy Modus," ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 14th sqohitsuqui tsudetiyvdi

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]