ᎾᏳ

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ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ. ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᎬᏩᏍᏗᎭ ᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗᏍᎬ, ᎣᏌᏂ ᎤᏂᏯᏙᎸ ᏅᏯ, comprising ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 0.0625 (ᎠᎴ Template:Fraction) 2 millimeter. ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ termed ᎾᏳ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ. ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ geology ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ: ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ 0.0625 mm ᎡᎳᏗ 0.004 mm ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎡᏆᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 2 mm ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ 64 mm (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎬᏙᏗ). ᎾᏳ ᎾᏁᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ rubbed ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏕᎦᏰᏌᏛ (ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎾᏁᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎢᏒ ᏩᏂᎨ).

ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎾᏳ[edit]

ᎾᏳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ scanning electron ᎢᎦᎢ
ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎬᎿᎨ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎾᏳ

ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏣᏔᏊ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎾᏳ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᏫᏍᏗ, ᎨᏒᎢ silica (silicon dioxide), ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ, ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ Ꮝ chemical ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎾᏳ varies ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏅᏯ ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ. ᎯᎠ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᎴ subtropical ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎯ-ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ limestone. Arkose ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏳ ᎠᎴ sandstone ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎪᏗ feldspar ᎣᏍᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏘ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ (ᎤᏠᏱᎭ nearby) ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ Ꮎ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ magnetite, chlorite, glauconite ᎠᎴ gypsum. ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ ᎤᏪᎾᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ magnetite ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏏᎩ ᎬᎿᎨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ basalts. ᎯᎠ chlorite-glauconite ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ derived ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ basalt(ᏗᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ) ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ olivine ᎣᏍᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏘ. ᎯᎠ gypsum ᎾᏳ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏅᏯ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏍᏆᏂᏤᏍᏛᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏃᏣᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ, ᎤᏁᎬ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ. ᎾᏳ ᏚᏂᏍᏆᏂᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏣᏅᏙᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎪᎢ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏍᏗ gemstone.

ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏍᏆᏂᎪᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎹᏳᎳᏗes, ᏂᎦᏛᎢ, ᎾᏳ ᎠᎳᏥᎦᏍᎬ, ᎾᏳ ᎧᏃᎯᏯᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᎾᎨ, ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏙᎯ.

ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏳ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ arenology. ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ ᏰᎵᏇ agatudesdi ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏍᎦᎶᏨ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ, ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ. ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎾᏳ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᎴ gneiss ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎪᏍᏓᏯ ᎾᏳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏟ ᎠᏰᎸᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎦᎶᎪᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅᎯ ᏙᎯ ᎠᏕᏗ ᎦᏓᏆᎵ ᎦᏙᎯ. ᎾᏳ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏲᎶᎬ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏐᏆᎸ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎨᎦᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎪᏣᎴᏛ ᏧᎾᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏛᏒ ᎤᎦᏔ.

ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏳ[edit]

ᎾᏳ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ.
  • ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ. ᎾᏳ ᎪᏢᏅᏅᎯ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏅᏯ crusher digakohidi ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ mansand. Graded ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ abrasive ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ sandblasting ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ media ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᎹ.
  • ᏗᏛᏓᏅᎯ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᎥᏍᎬ ᎦᎪᏘᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏳ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏓᏆᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᎥᏍᎬ ᏗᏛᏓᏅᎯ. ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎶᏁᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ textured ᎠᏍᏆᏗᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏓᏐᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎧᏅᏑᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᏗᏓᏅᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏚᎢ.
  • ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ landscaping, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏚᏏ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ (e.g. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎤᎾᎳᏍᎦᎶᏗ ᏫᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ).
  • ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᎨᏗ ᎠᏃᏢᏅᎥᏍᎬ.
  • ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ beaches ᎭᏢᏃ seasonal ᏓᏣᏁᎬ ᎬᏃᏌᏍᏗ Ꮝ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᏳ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.
  • ᏗᏂᏃᎨᏂᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎦᏃᎱᎩᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎶᏇ ᎠᏥᎸ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᎯᏗᎨᎢ ᎠᎵᎮᎵᏥᏓᏍᏗ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎤᏏᏩ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎧᎵᎸᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᏳ.

ᎠᏲᎠᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎾᏳ[edit]

ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎾᏳ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ, ᏌᏊ ᎠᏎ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ activities involving ᎾᏳ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ sandblasting. ᏕᎦᏃᏛᎢ silica ᎾᏳ ᎾᏊ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏛᏗ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎦᏯᎸ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ respiratory ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏓᏅᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏌᏂ silica ᎪᏍᏚᎭ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎪᎯ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏓᏓᎳᏑᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎭᏢᏃ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏯᎸᎩ ᎤᏓᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᎷᏩᏛᏓ silicosis, ᏧᏪᎳ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏛᏓᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᎣᏌᏂ silica ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᏗᎴᏪᎢᏍᏙᏗ iyuwakodi. ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᏗᎬᎯᏓ(MSDS) ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ silica ᎾᏳ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Ꮎ "ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᏛᏓᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᏨᏕᎨᏫ silica ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏢᏲᎵᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᎤᏃᏝᎩ" [1].

ᎾᏳ 'mining'[edit]

ᏴᏫ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ digging ᎾᏳ "ᎤᏍᏔᎦᎳᏱ" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᏆ ᏂᎦᏛᎢ, sandhills, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎾᎿ beaches ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏍᏔᎦᎳᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ collapsed ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂ.

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]