ᎠᎱᎵ

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ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ Unger, ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ B, 40th ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎢᏤ York lyudetiyvda ᏫᎵ ᎠᎾᏗᏒᎯᎯ Mozart ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ, ᎥᏍᎩᏱ 20, 1863
ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎠᏴᏫᏯ-ᎠᏣᏅᏗ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᎾᏗᏅᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎠᏴᏫᏯ.

ᎠᎱᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏓ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ, ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ classified ᏥᏄᏍᏗ membranophone. ᎠᎱᎵ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ drumskin, Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ stretched ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏪᏘᎸᎩ, ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᎦᏛᎭ ᏗᏂᏃᎩᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᏑᏰᏍᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ drumstick, ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ. ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ lyudetiyvda ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎡᏙᎲᎩ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲᏊ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎢᏯᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ.

ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎤᎭ gvwatuwidv ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ stretched, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏩᎵᏃᎯᏯᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ varies ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏒᏙᏂ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ timpani, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏟᏍᏙᏗ-ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ. ᏐᎢ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎦᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ (ᎠᏜ), ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᏒᏙᏂ (bongo ᎠᎱᎵ), ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏖᎳᏛᎩ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᏒᏙᏂ (ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎱᎵ).

ᎠᎱᎵ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏒᏙᏂ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ timbales), ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎤᎭ ᏔᎵ ᎠᎱᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ. ᏏᏴᏫ-ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎱᎵ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎦ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ, ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᏍᎪᎵ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ stretched ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ. ᎠᎱᎵ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏔᎵ ᏗᏂᏍᎪᎵ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎢᏧᎳ ᏚᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ; ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ resonating ᎤᏂᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ. ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏓ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ African ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎠᎱᎵ, ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ hollowed-atsinuqowisgv ᏡᎬ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Caribbean ᎠᏥᎸ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᎠᎱᎵ, ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎦᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᏒᏙᏂ. ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏃᏰᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵ ᎦᎾᏍᏓ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎤᎭ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏁᎸᏗᏯ ceremonies. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᏴᎬ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏂᏙᏓᎳᎬᎾ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᏙᏢᏒᎢ, ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏯᏛᎲᎢ Ꮝ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ, ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᏍᎦ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ, ᏗᎦᎪᏗ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎢᎬᎾᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ, ᎾᎿ ᎦᏙᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎱᎵ, ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏪᏘᎸᎩ.

ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎠᎴ jazz, ᎠᎱᎵ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎱᎵ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᎦᎾᏕᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᏒ ᏗᏂᏤᎷᎯᏍᎩ ᎨᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ ᎦᎪ ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎠᏂ. ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ percussionists ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏓᏙᎵᏍᏗ ᎦᎨᏛ ᏅᏯ, ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᎦᎾᏕᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏓᎾᏁᎶᎲᏍᎬ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ tsuqagutanvsv, ᎠᎱᎵ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᎢᎦ ᏦᏍᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏗᏛᎪᏔᏅ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᎬ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎱᎵ Africa ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᏤᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏗᏅᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᎩᏛ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ communicating ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎡᏆ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ.- ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎱᎵ (ᏗᏛᎪᏔᏅ).

lyudetiyvda ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᎠᎱᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 3000 BC.[1]

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

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