ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ

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ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ (ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 9/11) ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏛᎩ ᎧᏁᏉᎥᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ coordinated ᎤᏩᏒ ᎤᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ, ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᏗᏲᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ, ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎢᎦ, ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001.

Ꮎ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ, Organizers of the September 11, 2001 attacks ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ al-Qaeda[1] hijacked ᏅᎩ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎤᏪᏴ airliner. ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏐᏈᎵ ᏧᎾᏦᏟ hijackers ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎨᏲᏅᎯ ᎠᏜ. ᏔᎵ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ crashed ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ, ᏌᏊ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎢᏧᎳ ᏂᎬᎢ collapsed ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᏔᎵ ᎢᏧᏟᎶᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏜ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢᏁ ᏐᏈᎵ ᏧᎾᏦᏟ crashed ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Arlington ᏍᎦᏚᎩ, ᏩᏥᏂ. ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎩᏁ hijacked aircraft ᎠᏁᎳᏛᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ hijackers; Ꮎ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ crashed ᎾᎾᎯ ᏠᎨᏏ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᏛ ᏕᎦᏅᏅ ᎠᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ, ᎤᎩᏓᎵᏱ. 2,976 ᏴᏫ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ.

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ[edit]

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File:Story.crash.sequence.jpg
sequential ᎭᎦᏔ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 175 ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ.

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᎴᏅᎲ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ hijacking ᏅᎩ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ airliners ᎠᏁᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎧᎸᎬ ᎠᎹᏳᎸᏗ airports, fueled ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ California. ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏪᏴ ᎪᏛᏙᏗ capacities ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ 24,000 ᎠᎹ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏛ (91,000 liters) ᎠᎴ 144,000 ᎢᏧᏓᎨᏓ (65,455 ᏄᏓᎨᏒ),[2] ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ aircraft ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗᏱ ᎠᏓᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ guided ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ.

Ꮭ ᏌᏊ survived ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎯᎠ hijacked aircraft.[3]

ᎯᎠ fatalities ᎨᏒᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ, ᎬᏙᏗ 2976 ᏴᏫ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ 246 ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎩ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ, 2605 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ 125 ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ. ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎯᎠ fatalities ᎨᏒᎩ 343 ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ firefighters, 23 ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ, ᎠᎴ 37 ᏥᏳ ᏗᏔᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᎯᎠ 110-ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ, ᎯᏍᎩ ᏐᎢ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ 7 ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Marriott ᏧᎾᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏅᎩ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎥᎢᏒᎢ ᏧᎴᏫᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏗ ᎤᏲ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ, ᎾᎿ Manhattan ᎠᎽᏰᎵ, 25 ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᎵᏉᎩ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏍᏋ razed. ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᏧᏁᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏛᏥ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᎦᎳᏅᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏍᏋ demolished ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ, ᎠᏓᎯᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᏧᎾᏓᏛᎪᎳᏅ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ, ᎠᏓᏴᎳᏛᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏔᎵ-ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Arlington ᏍᎦᏚᎩ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏌᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ collapsed.[4]

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ ᏓᏯᏂ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ hijacked ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ Ꮎ ᏎᏍᏗ hijackers ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏦᏗᏱ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ. ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ 19 ᎨᏒᎩ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ identified ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ FBI, ᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ 93 ᎠᎴ ᎯᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏦᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ.

ᎯᎠ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎯᎠ 19 hijackers ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᏄᏬᎵᏍᏛᎾ. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎯᎠ BBC ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ 14 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᏅᎩ ᎯᎠ 19 ᎨᏒᎩ ᎬᏃᏛ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᎠᏓᏁᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ FBI.[5]

ᎯᎠ hijackers ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ aircraft ᎾᎥᎢ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ-ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏗᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏜ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ. ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎪᏢᏗ Ꮎ ᏔᎵ ᎯᎠ hijackers ᎠᏰᎲ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ ᎠᏩᏒᎯ Leatherman multi-ᎤᏯᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏬᏰᏂ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ,[6] ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ chemical ᎢᎦᏛ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏣᎦᎸᏗ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ 11 ᎠᎴ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ 175 ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ-ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ. ᏗᎵᏍᏓᏲᎯᎯ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᏦᎢ ᎯᎠ aircraft, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᎿ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ 77. ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎵᏍᏓᏲᎯᎯ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎦᎶᏄᎮᏛ.

ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ 125 ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎠ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ.
ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ, ᎤᏓᎷᎸ Ꮝ ᎠᏐᏴ collapsed, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ photomontage

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎩᏁ aircraft, ᎬᎿᎨ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮎ–ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ Ꮎ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᏓᎪᏂᏲᎢᏍᏗ crashed ᎾᎾᎯ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ-- ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᏁᎳᏛᏅ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ hijackers, ᎦᎪ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ rocked ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏄᎸᏅᎩ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᏎᎪᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ. ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ 9-1-1 ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ, Todd Beamer, ᎠᏰᎲ ᎤᏓᏛᏛᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏅᏬᏗ ᎠᏙᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᏁᎳᏛᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ aircraft. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏙᏙᎵᏍᏙᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ, "ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᏛᎯ." (ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ Beamer ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ "ᎠᏲᏛᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ," ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᏩᏎᎯᎲᎢ ᎠᏗᏔᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏓᏆᎴᎷ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏑᎨᏗ ᎠᏍᏚᏙᏗ. ᎪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎸ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎦᏛᏅ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏅᏬᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ evidenced ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ) ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎤᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᏛᎯ" ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᎾᎵᎲ Al-Qaeda ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Afghanistan. ᏄᎵᏍᏛ afterward, ᎯᎠ aircraft crashed ᎾᎾᎯ ᏠᎨᏏ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ Shanksville, ᎤᎩᏓᎵᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Stonycreek ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏛ ᎠᏟᎶᎥ, ᎠᏨᏍᏙᏗ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ, ᎤᎩᏓᎵᏱ, ᎾᎾᎢ 10:03:11 ᏌᎾᎴ. ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ (14:03:11 ᎢᎢᎢ). ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏗᏒᏍᏗ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ timing ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ seismic ᎪᏪᎸ ᎠᎾᏓᏎᎮ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ 10:06 ᏌᎾᎴ.[7] ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎸ Ꮎ captured Al-Qaeda ᏗᏓᏘᏁᎯ Khalid Shaikh Mohammed ᏄᏪᏒᎩ Ꮎ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 93 ᎤᏤᎵ ᏗᏲᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᏚᏙᎥ "ᎯᎠ ᏗᎾᏕᏲᎲᏍᎩ ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ."

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ. ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ, ᎤᏝᏏᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎸ ᎨᏒᎩ aired ᎠᎴ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅᎯ. ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ Ꮎ ᎠᏦᏙᏗ ᏗᎵᏍᏓᏲᎯᎯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ detonated ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ' ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎯᎠ Harry S Truman ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎬᎭᏓ ᎭᏫᏂ, ᏩᏏᏓᏂ, D.C.[8] ᎪᎯ ᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎤᏑᏰᏒ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏯᏅᎯ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ, ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏗᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅᎯ Ꮎ ᎢᎦ. ᏄᏓᎴ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎤᏪᏅᏒ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ AP ᎤᏯᏅᎯ, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ Ꮎ ᎦᏙᎯ 767–ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 1989–ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ hijacked. ᎪᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ, ᎤᎦᏔᎲᏒ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ; ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏍᏆᎳᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ hijack ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ responded controllers ᎠᎴ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᎷᏨᎩ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Cleveland, ᎣᎭᏲ.

Template:Rellink

Fatalities[edit]

Template:Clearright

Fatalities[9]
New York City ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ 2,605[10]
ᏴᏩᏁᎬ 11 88[11]
ᎠᏫᏒᏗ 175 59[12]
Pentagon ᎠᏓᏁᎸ 125[13]
ᏴᏩᏁᎬ 77 59[14]
Shanksville ᎠᏫᏒᏗ 93 40[15]
Total 2,976

ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎬᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏧᎦᏒᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏪᏴ ᎪᏛᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ignited ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎦᏛᎢ, ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ 200 ᏴᏫ ᏚᎵᏔᏗᏅᏒ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᏂᎬᎢ (ᏥᏄᏍᏗ depicted ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏣᎦᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ "ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᏍᎬ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ"), ᎦᏙᎯ ᎦᎷᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏕᎦᎳᏅᏛ ᎠᎴ rooftops ᎤᏓᏃᏢᎢ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎢᏯᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᏧᎾᎳᏏᏕᎾ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ (ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢ Shirtwaist ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎤᏃᏢᏗ ᎠᏥᎸ). ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ upward ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏦᏔ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎬᏗ helicopter ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ. Ꮭ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ existed ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ. ᎠᎳᏘᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎾᏍᎩᏍᎩᏂ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ encountered locked ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᏍᏚᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏙᏯᏅᎯᏗᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏦᏔ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎦᎸᏛ ᎧᏁᏌᎢ, ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᏧᎦᏒᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎶᏒᏍᏗ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏲᎠᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ helicopters ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎦᎷᎬ.

ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᏗᎨᎦᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ (ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 92 ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ) ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001. ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏂᎬᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ Zacarias Moussaoui.

1366 ᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᏂᎬᎢ (1 WTC): ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎢᏯᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ [2], ᎯᎠ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ trapped ᎠᎴ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ.

ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 600 ᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ trapped ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᎬᎢ (2 WTC). ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 18 ᎤᏓᏅᏖᎸ ᏗᏓᎩᏯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ collapsed. ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᏘᏂᏙᎯ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 11, John Ogonowski, ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ hijackers ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ. ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎸ, ᎢᎦᏛ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ callers ᎠᏦᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ hijacked aircraft Ꮎ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ hijackers ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏦᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ.[citation needed]

ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎤᏕᎶᏆᎥ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎣᏪᏅᏒ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ, evacuated, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎩ locked ᎡᎳᏗ. ᏐᎢ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏗᏍᎦᏚᎩ shielded ᏙᎾᏕ ᎶᏆᏍᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᎦᎦᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏴᎳᏛᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᎦᏴᎵᎨ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏤ ᏨᏏ ᎠᎴ Connecticut, ᎤᏤᎵᏓ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ evacuated. Scarsdale, ᏄᏯᎩ ᏧᎾᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Greenwich, Connecticut, ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 20 ᎢᏳᏟᎶᏛ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ, ᎢᏯᏍᎪᎯᏧᏈ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. Greenwich ᎠᎴ nearby ᎢᏤ Canaan, ᏔᎵ ᎯᎠ wealthiest ᏕᎦᏚᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ, ᎠᏰᎲ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎦᏁᎳ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᎦᏚᎲ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏅᎯ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ, ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ identified ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 1,600 ᏗᏂᏰᎸ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎠᏓᏙᎯᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ (ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 1,100 ᏴᏫ). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎤᎭ "ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 10,000 unidentified ᎪᎳ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᏝᏰᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ matched ᎯᎠ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᎱᏒ."[16] ᎪᎳ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏙᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2006 ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏃᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ Deutsche ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ.

Cantor Fitzgerald L.P., ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ 101st-105th ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᏌᏊ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ 685 ᏗᎨᏥᎾᏝᎢ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᏐᎢ ᎤᏓᎾᏝᎢ. ᎤᎯᏌᏛ Inc., ᎤᏂᎷᏨ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ Cantor Fitzgerald ᎾᎿ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ 101-93 (ᎯᎠ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 11 ᎤᏤᎵ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ), ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ 295 ᏗᎨᏥᎾᏝᎢ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏌᏊ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 175. ᏗᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ, ᎤᎯᏌᏛ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ 37 consultants.

ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 400 ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎯᎠ NYFD, ᎤᏲᎱᏒ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ collapsed.

ᎯᎠ fatalities ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ 8 ᏗᏂᏲᎵ, 5 ᎤᎧᏁᎳ 3, 8, 11, 11, 11 ᎾᎿ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ 77, 3 ᎤᎧᏁᎳ 2, 3, ᎠᎴ 4 ᎾᎿ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ 175 [3].

ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ fatalities ᎨᏒᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᏑᏓᎴᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ 125 ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ.

Survivors[edit]

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ 9/11 Commisson, ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 16,000 ᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎡᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ survived, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ collapsed; ᎦᏲᎳᎨᎢᏍᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 200 ᎤᏲᎱᏒ.

ᏐᎢ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ, 27 ᎠᏁᎳ Al-Qaeda ᎠᏁᎳᏛᏅ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ 19 ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ participated. ᏐᎢ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ-ᎾᏍᏋ hijackers ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ 20th hijacker:

  • Ramzi Binalshibh ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᏁᎵᏒᎢ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ.
  • Mohamed al-Kahtani, Saudi ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗn ᎡᎲᎢ, ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏛᏂᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏕᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ hijackers ᎠᎴ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎥᎢᏒᎢ ᏚᎾᎳᏏᏛ ᎾᎾᎢ Orlando ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ Airport ᎤᏓᏱᎸ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᎶᏂ, 2001. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ captured ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Afghanistan ᎠᎴ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎠᏍᏚᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᏍᏚᏗ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ X-ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎾᎾᎢ Guantanamo ᎥᏓᎵ, Cuba.
  • Zacarias Moussaoui ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Ziad Jarrah, ᎦᎪ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ threatened ᎤᏎᏒᎲᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ plotters. ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ Moussaoui ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᎥᏝ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ Al-Qaeda hierarchy ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏧᏢᏫᏓ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ arrested ᎾᎿ ᎦᎶᏂ 16, 2001, ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᏅᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎥᎢᏒᎢ ᏓᏂᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᎠᎴ FBI ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎠᏥᎳᏫᏎᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎬᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ ᏁᎵᏒᎢ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᎨᏲᎲᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎫᏬᏂ 2005, Moussaoui pled ᏧᏚᎪᏔᏁᎸ conspiring hijack ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ Al-Qaeda, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ denies ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎯᎠ 9-11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. Moussaoui, ᎾᎾᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ sentencing ᎠᏛᎩᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2006, ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏏᏴᏫ directive ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᎴ Richard Reid ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ hijack ᎯᏍᎩᏁ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎠᎴ ᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ.[4] ᎤᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏗᏘᏲᎯᎯ dismissed ᎪᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏛ Moussaoui, ᎧᏁᎬᎢ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Al-Qaeda, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ "ᎦᎸᏆᏗᏰᏍᎩ-ᎾᎿ."[5] ᎾᎿ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 3, 2006, ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏂᏑᎵ ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏍᏛᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ sentenced Moussaoui 6 ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏓᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏓᏍᏚᏗ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏥᏙᎵᏍᏗ. [6] ᎾᎾᎢ Moussaoui ᎤᏤᎵ sentencing ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ, FBI ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ Greg Jones testified Ꮎ ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎦᏂᎳᏛᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏄᏂᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲ, Michael Maltbie, "ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ Zacarias Moussaoui ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏃᎯᎸᏒ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ." Maltbie ᎠᏰᎲ ᎤᏓᏱᎸ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᎾᎿ 70 ᎾᏓᏪᏎᎲ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏄᏓᎴ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ, ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Samit, ᎣᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎠᏓᏂᏴᏙᏗ ᎠᏯᏍᏗ Moussaoui ᎤᏤᎵ ᎡᎵᏍ.[7]
ᏓᏓᏁᎸ dagatuwisdisgv ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏧᏓᏗᎩᏓ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᏍᎬ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ.

ᏐᎢ Al-Qaeda ᎠᏁᎳ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏁᎳᏛᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ, ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ Saeed al-Ghamdi (ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏣᏄᎳ hijacker ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᏚᏙᎥ), Mushabib al-Hamlan, Zakariyah Essabar, Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, ᎠᎴ Tawfiq bin Attash. ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ, ᎠᏚᎸᎲ ᎠᎲᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎨᎳ—Khalid al-Mihdhar—ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ overruled ᎾᎥᎢ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ Mohammed Afroze, ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎵᎪᏁᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ London ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏁᎸ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏒᏢᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ aborted ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ-ᎾᏍᏋ hijackers, ᎠᎦᏘᏴ ᏒᏓᎷᎦ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᏒᎩ hijack, ᎤᎪᎲᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ, panicked, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏘᏒ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎧᎦᎵ 2006, ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ Al-Qaeda ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ tallest ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬᏗᏢ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ, ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏕᎦᏅ ᏗᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Los Angeles, ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎦ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎪᎯ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᎯᏛᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎤᏄᎸᎲᏍᎩ.[8]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ targeted, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ. (BBC ᏗᏤᎢ, ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 12, 2001, [9]). ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ Barksdale ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ alenvdidsv ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Louisiana, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎯᏳᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᎲ Offutt ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ alenvdidsv ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Nebraska, ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎠᏂᎷᎬ ᏩᏏᏓᏂ. ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎠᏙᏚᎯᏍᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎥᎦᎷᏨ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᏩᏏᏓᏂ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᎢᎦ Ꮎ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗ, "ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ," ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ ᎤᏔᏅᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ. ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ Ari Fleischer ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ caller ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎧᏁᎬᎢ, "ᎤᏃᎴ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᏲᏍᏗ." ᎯᎠ ᎤᏁᎬ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏍᏕᏯᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ Ꮭ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ.[10]

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎢᎬᏩᎾᏓᎴᎩ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ-ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ, ᎢᏧᎳ "ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ-ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ" ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ".

ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ (ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ) ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᏂᎳᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ (ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ) ᎨᏒᎩ targeted, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᏲᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ attacked ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ hijacked ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ airliners ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᏗᎬᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᏗᏲᏍᏗ.

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎪᎯ ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ. ᎢᏳᏃ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎪᏪᎳᏅ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ wilfull ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ.

ᎠᏂᏐᎢ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ Nuremberg ᎠᏥᎵᏱᏙᎲ ᏓᎬᏩᎶᏗ Benjamin B. Ferencz, ᎤᎭ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏁᎲ,[17].

ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏴᏫ ᎠᏁᎲ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ Nuremburg ᎠᏓᎵᏍᎪᎸᏓᏁᎯ–ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁ ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ–ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᏓᎩᎵᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ masssive ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᎴ nvwato hiyadv. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ Nazis ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎠᎨᏔᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ.

ᎠᏚᏓᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏓᏄᎪᏗᏍᎬ[edit]

ᎠᏚᏓᎸᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏕᎫᎪᏔᏅ (ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ classified ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ) Ꮎ al-Qaeda ᎠᎴ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎵᏐᏆᎸᏗ ᎠᏚᏓᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏔᏅ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎸ. ᎤᏤᎵ ᎧᏁᏨ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ,[18], ᎠᎴ Fatwa ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ ᏓᏯᏂᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1998,[19] ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎤᏤᎵ motivation ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ.

ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 16, 2001, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏓᎪᎵᏰᏍᎬ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ Qatar ᎤᏤᎵ Al Jazeera ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᎤᎶᎯᏍᏗ: "ᎠᏯ ᏗᎳᏏᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᏯ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎪᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎦ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ motivation."[20] ᎪᎯ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏗᏤᎢ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏅᏓᏕᏆ 2001, ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎠᏢᏔᎲᎢ videotape ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Jalalabad, Afghanistan, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ Khaled al-Harbi. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎪᎯᏳᏔᏅ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ.[21] ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏗᎦᎴᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᏤᎢ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎥᏍᎩᏱ 13, 2001.

ᎾᎿ ᎥᏍᎩᏱ 27, 2001, ᏔᎵᏁ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ video ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ.[22] ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ video ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ "ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎤᎷᏤᎯ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎪᎯᎤᏔᏅ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛᎾ ᎠᏓᏚᎯᏍᏙᏗ, aimed ᎾᎾᎢ forcing ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ Ꮝ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Israel, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᏴᏫ," ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᏛᏓᏓᏂᎸᎬ ᎠᏚᏓᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ.

ᏍᏆᎵᎯᎨ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ presidential ᏗᏙᎩᏯᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2004 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ taped ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ Al-Qaeda ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Ꭴ., ᎠᎴ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏔᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᏕᎬᏔᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ, "ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏎᏊᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎦᎪ ᎿᏛᎦ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᏓᏂᎸᎢᏍᏗ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛᎾ ᎠᏓᏚᎯᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏚᎳᏗ ᎠᏯᏍᏗ ᎠᎩᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ tohi adedi ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ."

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ audiotape aired ᎾᎿ Al Jazeera ᎾᎿ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 21, 2006, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᎸ ᎯᎠ 19 hijackers.[23]

ᎯᎠ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᎯ Ꭲgotlvhi ignelvhi ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ Ꮝ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 22, 2004, ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏁᎭ ᎠᎴ implemented ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏁᎳ Al-Qaeda.[24] ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ, "9/11 plotters ᏭᎵᏱᎶᎸ ᎤᏂᏩᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎸᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ $400,000 ᎠᎴ $500,000 ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ,"[25] ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎪᏍᎩ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏕᎠᎲ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲᏊ ᎤᎧᏁᎳ. ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ peripheral ᏗᏎᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏁᎶᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎠᏰᎸᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ.

ᏄᏍᏛ ᏕᎫᎪᏗᏍᎬ[edit]

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ, ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11th ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ al-Qaeda. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ motivation ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏙᎠ Al-Qaeda togiyadv dunilvwisdanehv ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1998 fatwa ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮiyusdi kanohehdv ᎾᎥᎢ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ, Ayman al-Zawahiri, Abu-Yasir Rifa'ᎠᏯ Ahmad Taha, Shaykh ᎦᏁᎳ Hamzah, ᎠᎴ Fazlur Rahman (Amir ᎯᎠ Jihad ᎠᏓᏅᏏᏙᎠ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Bangladesh, Fazlur Rahman).[26] ᎯᎠ fatwa ᏠᎨᏏ ᏦᎢ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᎦᏂ ᎾᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ:

  • ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ Israel.
  • ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ Arabian ᎦᏙᎯ.
  • ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ Iraqi ᏴᏫ.

ᎯᎠ fatwa ᎧᏃᎮᎭ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ:

  • ᎠᏓᎩᎡᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᎷᎩ ᎯᎠ Arabian ᎦᏙᎯ.
  • ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᏗᎳᏏᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ.
  • ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏂᏚᏍᏛᎢ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ monarchies ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ, ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏴᏫ.
  • ᎤᎭ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᏗᎳᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ Arabian ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏓᏂᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎯᎠ Muslim ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ Muslim ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ.
  • ᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ Muslim ᎧᏃᎮᎭ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᏴ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ.
  • ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ Israel, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᎳᏗ ᎤᏥᏍᏆᏙᏏᏰᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ (ᎠᎴ ᎪᎳᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ) ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ Palestine.

ᎯᎠ Persian ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ensuing ᏗᏓᏂᎸᏨ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎵᏍᏓᏲᎯᎯ Iraq ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎨᏒᎩ cited ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1998 ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᎸᏉᏛᎾ ᏄᎶᏒᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎨᏳᎿᎲᎾ Muslims, ᎯᎠ fatwa ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ Islamic ᏓᎵᏍᏛ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏕᎫᎪᏗᏍᎬ ᎬᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ ᎠᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ citizenry ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎠᎴ reversed: ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎬ "ᏗᎫᎪᏗᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ Islamic ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᏚᏓᏂᎸᏨ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ jihad ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏦᏍᏗᏓᏄᏫ ᎠᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ Muslim ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ."

[[File:USGS Shanksville.jpg|thumb|250px|right|ᏂᎦᏛᎢ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎩᏒᎯ ᎫᏬᏂ 27, 2004 ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ Airlines ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 93 ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ [[Shanksville, Pennsylvania|Shanksville, ᎤᎩᏓᎵᏱ (USGS)]]

ᏗᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ Al-Qaeda ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ 9/11 ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ Ꭴ.ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎦᎪ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᎾᏚᏓᎸ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2004 video, ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏘᏉ acknowledging ᎠᏚᏓᎸᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ motivated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ 1982 Lebanon ᏓᏄᏩ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏚᏓᎸ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ video, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᎾᏗᏍᎩ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎠᏚᎵᎭ , "ᏅᎠᏓᏁᏗ tohi adedi ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ," "ᎠᏓᏍᏛᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ," ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ Ꮎ ᏫᎬᎵᏱᎴᎬ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᎸᏉᏗᏳ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ , "[bleed] ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏗᎵᏍᏆᎳᏍᏗᏱ."[27] ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ, "ᎢᏧᎳ ᎤᏎᎵᏔᏅ Ꮎ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ wouldn't ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎫᏓᎸᏙ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Palestine. ᎪᎯ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏩᎲᏍᎬ Israel ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏁᏉᏨ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎣᏤᎵ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᏁᏉᏨ. ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎤᏓᏠᏒ't ᎠᎩᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎪᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏓᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ Arabian ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᎴᏫᏍᏗᏍᎬ Ꮝ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ Israel."

ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏕᎫᎪᏔᏅ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᎸᏉᏛᎾ ᏫᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎤᏒᏂᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, ᎯᎠ "ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꭺgoweli gowlisgi" ᎯᎠ 9/11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, stemmed "ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏤᎵ unigatohvsv ᎾᎿᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏕᏕᎶᏆᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎬᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᎦᎾᏰᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎢᏅ ᏕᎨᏒ ᏗᎳᏏᏙᏗ ᎠᏑᏰᏍᏗ Israel." ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ motivation ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ imputed ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵ ᎠᏜ ᎦᎪ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᎲ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ WTC: Mohamed Atta ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ Ralph Bodenstein—ᎦᎪ traveled, ᏚᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎸᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏬᏂᏒᎩ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ—ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎤᎪᏗᏗ imbued ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ... ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ Israeli atogiyadv ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ." Marwan al-Shehhi ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏗᎪᏏᏌᏅᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ humorless ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ: "ᎯᎳᎪ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏂᎯ ᎤᏰᏣᏍᎬ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Palestine?"

ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᎾᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏂᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎠᏗᎭ Ꮎ Al-Qaeda ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ motivated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᏓᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ tohi adedi ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᏣᏘ ᎤᎾᏓᏅᏖᏗ exemplified ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ.

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ counterrorism ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ Richard . Clarke, ᎭᏫᏂ ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Muslim ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎴᏅᏗ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎦᏃᏢᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ 9/11. ᎧᎵ ᏗᎪᎥᎯ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎦᏁᎳ Saudi ᎠᎵᏍᏚᏟᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ Egypt, ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ, ᎤᏬᎯᏳ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏲᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ. [28] Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ' ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ religiosity ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ Muslim ᏚᏳᎩᏛ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏕᎩ. ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎴᏅᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ Ꮎ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᏓᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎪᎯ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎧᏂᎩᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ. ᎤᏓᎵᎦᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ Egyptian ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏪᎵᏍᎩ Sayyid Qutb, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᎭ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Muslim ᎪᏢᏗ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ. [29]

Arising ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏒ, ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎪᎯ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ. ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎢᏅ ᏦᏍᏗᏓᏄᏫ," ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ 9/11 ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ Ꮝ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ cultural ᎡᏙᎲᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ. [30] ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᎭ Ꮎ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ Muslim ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ-Muslim ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ, ᏌᏊ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏓᎳᏏᏛ, ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏟᏏᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎠᏓᏅᏏᏙᎠ ᏫᎵ catalyze ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎠᏓᏕᎵᏎᏗ Muslim ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ. [31]

ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ Michale Doran, ᎪᎯ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎤᏓᏎᎮᎸᎩ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ "ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ" ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏚᏙᎥᎢ ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎬ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ 9/11. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, "ᎪᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏫᎵ ᏰᎵ ᎡᏆᏯ ᎤᏔᎳᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ." ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏚᎩ ᎤᏩᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏂᎬᏂᏏᏍᎬ visceral ᎠᎵᏤᎸᎮᏍᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏁᎶᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ Ꮎ Muslim ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ. [32]

ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ[edit]

ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ[edit]

ᎤᏤᎵᏛ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᎾᏗᏒᎯᎯ ᏓᏂᏙᎦ ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴᎾ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎦᏒᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ. ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎾᏓᏚᏓᎸ. 11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᏥᎸ ᏙᎢ ᎤᎴᏴᏒ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ.

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ global ᎠᏙᏱᏯᏛ ᎠᎬᏩᎵ ᎢᎦᏛ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎨᏒᎩ denounced ᎾᎥᎢ mainstream media ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᏍᏆᎸᏙᏗ,[33] ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏃᏪᎵᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᏥᏱ ᎤᏤᎵ Le ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ summing ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏓᏅ nusdv udanvtv ᎤᏪᏙᎵᏍᏗ: "ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ" (ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ sommes tous Américains).

ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ ᏌᏊ ᏏᏅᏙ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᎠᎵᎪᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ Afghanistan ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ Al-Qaeda ᎠᏂᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎯᎠ Taliban ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏩᏎᎸᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ.[34] ᎯᎠ Pakistan ᎠᏯ ᏚᎾᎳᏏᏛ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ align ᎤᏅᏌ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᏄᏩ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎴ Al-Qaeda. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏓᏁᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ airports ᎠᎴ ᏗᎳᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Ꮝ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Taliban ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ, ᎠᎴ arrested ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 600 ᏄᏪᎵᏒ Al-Qaeda ᎠᏁᎳ, ᎦᎪᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏭᏓᏁᎸᎩ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ.[35]

ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏᏲ, ᎢᏅᏗᎾ, Australia, ᎦᎸᏥᏱ, ᎠᏂᏛᏥ, Indonesia, ᏓᎶᏂᎨᏍᏛ, ᎨᎾᏓ, ᏲᏂᎢ, Pakistan, Jordan, Mauritius, Uganda ᎠᎴ Zimbabwe ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ "anti-ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ" ᏗᎧᏃᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏓᏃᏢᏍᎬ[36] ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏬᏨ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏥᎳᏫᏎᎸ ᎤᎲᎢ Al-Qaeda ᏓᎧᏁᎲ.[37] ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ agencies ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏎᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏲᎶ, Malaysia, Indonesia, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Philippines arrested ᏴᏫ ᎤᏅᏌ labeled ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎳᏩᏎᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ ᎤᏰᎸᏛᎢ ᏓᎵᏆᎵᏍᎬ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏓᎾᏩᏄᏁᎯ ᎦᏁᎸ ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ.[38][39] ᎪᎯ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ aroused ᏗᏓᎴᏅᎢᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏎᎯᎯ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏓ ᎠᏎᎯᎯ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏓᏚᎬ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎧᎻᏘ argued Ꮎ ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ (e.g. COINTELPRO ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏓᎾᏠᏍᎦ) ᎨᏒᎩ "ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ" ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎤᎨᏳᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ;[40] ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᏧᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ Liberties ᏗᏌᏊ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ argued Ꮎ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ ᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ circumvented.[41][42] ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎾᎾᎢ Guantanamo ᎥᏓᎵ, Cuba, ᏚᏂᏴ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎸ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏦᏍᏗᏓᏄᏫ ᏥᏳ. ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ questioned ᎾᎥᎢ, ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ, ᎨᎳ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎯᎠ European ᏗᏌᏊ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏩᎨᏫᏒᎢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ.

ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ[edit]

File:New York Times 9-11.jpg
ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎤᏆᏓᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎪᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 12, 2001, ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ Ꮎ Ꭺ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ

ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, George W. ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎪᎯᎤᏔᏅ ᏓᏂᎬᏩᎶᏗᏍᎬ soared 86% [43]. ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 20, 2001, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏁᏨ ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏫᏢ ᏓᏂᎳᏫᎥ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏰᎸᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏕᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ Ꮎ ᎢᎦ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᏐᏁᎳ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏓᏁᎸᏔᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏕᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨᏍᏗ ᎬᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᏚᎾᏁᎶᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎦᏚᎲ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Rudy Giuliani ᎤᏓᏠᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ. [44]

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎾᏂᎥ ᏴᏫ. ᎤᎵᎮᎵᏣᏘ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ uniformed ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ-ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ (dubbed "ᎢᎬᏱ responders"), ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ firefighters, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎢᏳᏂᏪᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᎾᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎾᏛᏁᎵᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎠᎩᏒᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏞᏛ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎾᎾᎯᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏙᏱᏗᏢ ᎦᏚᎲ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᏧᎦᎶᎦ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᏢᏔᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏟᏁᎦ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎩᎬ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎲᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎪᎲᎩ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ 9/11.[45]

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎸ harassment ᎠᎴ ᎦᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ, "ᎠᏰᎵ ᎧᎸᎬᎢᏗᏢ-ᎠᎦᏘᏍᎬ" ᏴᏫ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ Sikh, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎯᎠ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ Ꮎ Sikh ᎠᏍᎦᏯ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ ᎠᎳᏍᏚᎶ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ stereotypically ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏅᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ Muslims ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ. ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏐᏁᎳ ᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ. Balbir Singh Sodhi, ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎪᎯ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏔᏂᏙᎲ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᎲᏲᎵᏍᏗ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 15. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏍᎦᏯ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎠᏂᏐᎢ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ Sikh ᎦᎪ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Muslim.

ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ theories[edit]

ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ theories ᎤᎭ emerged. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎤᏝᏅᏓᏕᎲ Ꮎ ᏗᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᎾᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏄᎸᏅᎩ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᎾᎿ Ꮎ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ theorists ᎤᎭ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ. ᎢᎦᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎠᏥᎡᏗᏱ Ꮎ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ airliner ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ, ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ Airlines ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 93 ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏗᏍᏓᏲᏍᏗ ᎡᎳᏗ.

ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ[edit]

ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ[edit]

ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏓᏁᎸᏔᏅ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᏄᏦᏍᏛᎾᏊ ᏩᏗᏱ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏅᎦᎸᏓ-ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ, 2002. ᎢᎬᏱ ᎨᏰᎯ ᎠᏓᎭ, "ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᏗᎳᏏᏙ" ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ ᏕᎦᎸᏌᏓᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᏂᎦᎸᏉᏛᎾ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎦᏙᎬ. ᏂᎦᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎳᏏᏙ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ 30, 2002.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏕᎠᎲ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏞᎬᏊ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᎲ ᎠᎾᏓᏁᎳᏍᎬ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ survivors ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ. ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ deadline ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎥᏓᏓᎫᏴᎡᏗᏱ, ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 2003, 2,833 ᏗᏔᏲᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᎩᏒᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏥᎸᎩ.[46]

ᎯᎠ "ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ"[edit]

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏥᏍᏚ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᏰᎲᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ Ꮎ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏰᎲ "ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎢᎪᎯᏓᏊ ᎨᏒ." ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᏒᏂᎸ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏊ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏫᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏂᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎤᏁᏨᎩ 'ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ,' ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎠᏲᎯᎲ ᎣᏌᎹ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎠᎴ Al-Qaeda ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏅᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᏂᎸᏨ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ perceived ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎦᏁᎸ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ kanquotsegi global ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ sharing. ᎯᎠ ᏔᎵᏁ-ᏭᏔᏅ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᎷᏆᏗᏅᏍᏗ Afghanistan ᎤᏤᎵ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ Taliban ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ, ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ.-ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎠᎵᎪᏒ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎧᏁᏉᎩ Ꮝ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏐᎢ ᎢᎦᏪᏛ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎯᎠ Philippines ᎠᎴ Indonesia, ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏩᏗᏒ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᎭᏫᏂ ᏂᏓᏙᎳᎬᎾ ᎬᏙᏗ Islamic extremist ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ.

ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏗᎫᎪᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ parameters ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ Atlantic ᎧᏃᎮᏛ ᏓᏠᎯᏍᏛ ᎤᎾᎪᏢᎯ, NATO ᎤᏁᏨᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ 5 ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᎵᏐᏈᎸᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏚᎾᏠᏒ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 12, 2001, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏂᏰᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ Ꮝ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ Ꮎ NATO ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎨᎳᏗᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ "ᎤᏗᎴᎩ" ᏓᏄᏩ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎤᏛᏅᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ-ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ Iraq ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2003 ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ 9/11. ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ "ᎯᎠ ᏓᎾᏟᎲ Iraq ᎨᏒᎢ ᏌᏊ ᎠᏓᏎᎪᎩᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏂᏰᎬ Ꮎ ᎤᎴᏅᎲ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ 11, 2001..."[47] ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᎭ ᎤᎵᏱᎸᏛ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ Iraq ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏓᏚᎯᏌᏘ ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ "ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ": "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎾᎿ ᎦᏂᏰᎬ, Iraq ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ..." ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏪᏒᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎥᏍᎩᏱ 14, 2005.[48]

ᏔᎵ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᏗᎳᏏᏙᏗ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎾᎿ ᏃᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ nadvndhvgi ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏃᎸᏔᏂ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 2003. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎤᏓᏛᏛᏅ, "ᎯᎳᎪ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ Saddam Hussein ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11th ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ?" ᎯᎠ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ 32% ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ, 37% ᎾᏍᎩ ᏯᏛᎾ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ, 12% ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎠᎴ 3% ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ.[49] ᎪᎯ unsubstantiated ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ promoted ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ 2003 ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ Iraq, ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᏔᎵᏁ ᎠᏓᎴᏁ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ Cheney ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ Ꮎ Iraq ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ , "ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ" ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ: Iraq ᎨᏒᎢ, "ᎯᎠ geographic alenvdidsv ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᎪ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏗᏓᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᎿ 9-11."[50] Ꮭ ᏧᎸᏌᏓ ᎪᎯᏳᏙ ᎤᎭ emerged ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏗ. (Unsubstantiated ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᎾᏗᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏍᎦᏁᏍᎩ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ: (1) ᎧᏃᎮᎸᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ Czech ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᏰᎵ 9/11 ᎠᏓᏎᎮᎮᎯ Mohammed Atta ᎠᎴ Iraqi ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏒᎧᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Prague ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎦ Atta ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Florida; ᎠᎴ (2) ᎪᎯᏳᏙ Ꮎ Ahmed Hikmat Shakir, ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᏚᏓᏂᏴᏒ Iraqi ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎾᎾᎢ ᏗᏠᎯᏍᏗᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Malaysia ᎭᏢᏃ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ 9/11 hijacker Khalid ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ Mihdhar ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏬᎯᏳᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ CIA ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᏙᎸ.)

ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏪᏅᏒ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎦᏓᏘ ᎦᏛᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏩᎦᎸᎳᏗᏴ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11, 2001.

ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ, ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ Homeland ᎫᏓᎸᏙ, ᎾᏓᏛᏁᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ restructuring ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎵᎪᏁᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ. ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᎤᎨᏳᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ, ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎬ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎠᏤᎸᏗᏱ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᎠᏍᎦᏅᏨ. ᎤᎵᎶᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ liberties ᏚᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎤᎭ criticized ᎯᎠ ᎤᎨᏳᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ, ᎧᏁᎬᎢ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎵᏍᎪᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏴᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎸᎾᏍᏗ ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎪᏣᎴᏍᏗᏱ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎾᎪᎲᎾ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᏗᎧᎿᏩᏛᏍᏗ-ᏗᏂᎴᏱᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏪᏅᏒ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᎠᏂᏟᏏᏍᎬ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏩᎢᏢᎢ ᏄᏂᎬᏫᏳᏌᏕᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ invoked 9/11 ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᎠᏓᏕᎳᏗᏍᏗ ᎤᏕᎵᏓ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎫᏓᎸᏙ ᎠᏥᏅᏏᏓᏍᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᏥᏰᎶᎲ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎠᏓᏃᎯᏎᏗ Awareness), "eavesdrop ᎾᎿ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ ᎠᎴ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ ᏧᎾᏓᏛᎪᎳᏅ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎠᎴ ᏴᏫ overseas ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏓᏂᏴᏙᏗ."[51]

ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, 80,000 ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᎴ Muslim ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ fingerprinted ᎠᎴ ᎠᎪᏪᎶᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᎨᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ 1940. 8,000 ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎠᎴ Muslim ᎠᏂᏍᎦᏯ ᎨᏒᎩ interviewed, ᎠᎴ 5,000 ᎢᏅ ᏕᎨᏒ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎨᏒᎩ detained ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏫᏢ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᎠᎵᏁᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ 107-40 authorizing ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᏂᏯᏫᏍᎩ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᏗ "ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏎᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᏗᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᎾᏙᏢᏒ ᎤᎾᏰᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ." [11] [12]

ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ[edit]

ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ 9-11 ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ Ꭺgoweli gowlisgi ᎠᎴ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᏥᎸ ᏗᎯᎴᎩ ᎤᎭ analyzed ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ.

ᏦᎢ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ collapsed ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᏄᎸᎲᏍᎩ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᎬᎢ (2 WTC) ᎤᏅᏨᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 10:05 ᏌᎾᎴ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ 58 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ Airlines ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 175 ᎾᎾᎢ 9:03 ᏌᎾᎴ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᏂᎬᎢ (1 WTC) ᎤᏅᏨᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ 10:28 ᏌᎾᎴ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗᏇ 103 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎢᎬᏂᏌᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ Airlines ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 11 ᎾᎾᎢ 8:45 ᏌᎾᎴ. ᏦᎢᏁ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ, 7 ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ (7 WTC) ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ collapsed ᎾᎾᎢ 5:30 ᏌᎾᎴ, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎦᎴᏴᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ 70 ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏔᏬᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏧᏓᏗᎩᏓ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ ᏍᏆᎳᎢ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ. [13]

ᏂᎬᎾᏛ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᎴ 7 WTC ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ nadvndhvgi ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏅᏗ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᏧᎾᏕᏲᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ (NIST). ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ, ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎫᏬᏂ 6, 2005, ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ, ᎯᎠ ᏭᏚᎸᏛ ᏗᎬᏙᏗ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏦᏍᏗ ᏂᎬᎿᏅ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ Ꮎ contributed ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ WTC ᎤᏐᏅᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏛᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ:

  • ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎶᎯᏍᏗ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ, ᎠᏁᏍᎨᏓ, ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ
  • ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏕᏲᎲᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᎾᏒᎧᎵ
  • ᏅᎬᎪᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ, ᏰᎵᏊ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏏᎾᎯᏍᏙᏗ
  • ᎪᏢᎯᏌᏅ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᏄᎾᏰᎯᏍᏛᎾ
September 13, 2001: ᏄᏯᎩ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ firefighter ᎠᎦᏘᎭ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᎵᏃᎯᏴᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏂᎬᎢ.

ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏍᏆᏗᏏᏐᏗ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏩᎪᎲᏍᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ' ᎠᏥᎸ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ infrastructures ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏃᎸᏔᏅ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏘᏍᎬ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎯᎵᏙ ᎠᎴ Ꮎ, ᎢᏳᏃ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᎩ, ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎤᎭ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲᏊ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎥᏳᎩ ᎯᎠ trusses ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᎤᏃᏴᏨ. ᎯᎠ sagging ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᎤᎾᏌᏁᏒ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸ ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᏚᏓᏅᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎭᏢᏃ ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏚᏓᏅᏅ ᎠᏗᏌᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ. ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏚᏓᏅᏅ, ᎯᎠ buckling ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏚᏓᏅᏅ ᏰᎵᏇ Ꮭ ᎦᏅᎯᏓᎨ ᎠᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ, causing ᎠᏂ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏗᏱ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ' stairwells ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ eligwa igai reinforced ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏁᏗ ᎤᎢᏍᏓ ᎢᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᏗᏓᎩᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏴᏫ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ. NIST ᎤᏃᎮᎸᎩ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᏭᎵᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ 7 WTC ᏫᎵ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ.[52]

9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ (9/11 ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ), chaired ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎢᏤ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Thomas Kean, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᎯ Ꭲgotlvhi ignelvhi ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎣᏂᏱᏳ 2002 ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏙᏗ ᎧᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏂᏚᏍᏗᏓᏅ dagatuwisdisgv ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ ᎠᏛᏅᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ , ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ. ᎾᎿ ᎫᏰᏉᏂ 22, 2004, ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏓᏥᏲᏒᎩ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎧᎻᏏᏂ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᏙᏚᎯᏍᏙᏗ.

ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ Aircraft ᎦᏙᎯ[edit]

  • ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ, ᏂᎦᏛ nonemergency ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ aircraft ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ, ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏍᎪᎯ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᏗᎦᎾᏗᎯᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏙᏱᏗᏢ ᎦᏚᎲ.

ᎾᎿ ᎨᏒ ᏩᏎᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ[edit]

  • ᎠᏁᎸᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏗᏓᏘᏁᎯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ implemented

ᏩᏥᏂ ᏗᏂᎳᏫᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏃᎮᎴᎢ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏧᎳ ᎠᏴ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎧᎦᎵ ᎯᎠ ᏐᎢ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ.[14][15]

ᎦᏅᎯᏓ-ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ[edit]

ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᏥᏍᏚ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎠᎳᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ (NYSE), ᎯᎠ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ NASDAQ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲᏊ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎢᏳᎳᎪᏗ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 17. NYSE ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᏄᏩᏓᎴ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᏧᎵᎬᏩᎳᏅᎯ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᎳ ᏚᎾᏓᎾᏅ, ᎤᏂᏩᏍᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᏗᏓᏛᎪᏔᏅ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᎠᏏᎾᏒᎢ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ. ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ reopened ᎾᎿ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 17, 2001, ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏙᏗ ᎣᏂ ᏧᏩᎫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎧᏂᎬᎾᎥ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1929, ᎯᎠ Dow Jones ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ (“DJIA”) ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎤᏅᏨᎩ 684 ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ, ᎠᎴ 7.1%, 8920, Ꮝ ᏭᏔᏅ-ᎢᏳᏊ ᏌᏊ-ᎢᎦ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎠᏓᏯᏍᏗ. ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎵᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏑᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ, ᎯᎠ DJIA ᎠᏰᎲ ᎤᎶᏒᎢ 1369.7 ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ (14.3%), Ꮝ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᏌᏊ-ᏑᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎪᎭᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎧᏃᎮᏍᎩ. ᎠᎹᏰᏟ ᏚᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ $1.2 ᎯᏍᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏑᎾᏙᏓᏆᏍᏗ. ᏥᏄᏍᏗ 2005 ᎠᏐᏴ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏯᏖᎾ ᏕᎦᎳᏅᏛ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎤᏂᎲ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏂᎦᏰᏙᎲ barricaded ᎠᎴ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎴᏫᏍᏔᏅ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ.

ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ ᎯᎠ WTC ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏅᏩᏙᎯᏯᏛ ᎠᏣᏪᏐᎸᏍᏙᏗ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏏᏅᏙᏗ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏦᎢᏁ-ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ (ᎤᎶᏐᏅ Midtown Manhattan ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ Chicago ᎫᏓᎸᏗ) ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ devastated ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏄᎵᏍᏛ ᏥᏍᏚ. ᏦᏍᎪᎯ ᏌᏊ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎤᏃᏍᏛ (28.7 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ sq. ft) ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎢᏳᏍᏗᏊ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ. ᎯᎠ 41-ᎧᏃᎮᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏓᏥ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ, ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎬᎾ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏗᏗᏢ ᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏎᎸ ᎢᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ. ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ, ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan. ᎠᏁᎲᎢ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎤᏪᎵᏒ ᎠᏴᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ SoHo ᎠᎴ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ ᎠᎪᎵᏰᏗᏱ. ᎤᏣᏘ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᏯ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ- ᎤᏜᏅᏛ. ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏍᏛᎢ-2001 ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎠᏓᏅ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᏥᏄᏉᏫᏍᎬ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan Midtown ᎠᎴ ᎢᏤ ᎫᏢᎥᏍᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ accelerated. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ questioned ᎢᏳᏃ ᎪᎯ ᎤᏲᎱᏎᎸ ᏧᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᎤᎾᎵᎪᏅᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎫᏴᏗ alenvdidsv ᏯᏓᎢᏗᏏ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎾᏍᏋ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ.[53][54]

ᎯᎠ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ inhibited ᎾᎥᎢ ᎦᎷᎶᎩ ᏓᏓᏁᏤᎸ ᎾᎿ priorities. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎦᏚᎲ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Bloomberg ᎠᏰᎲ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᏄᏯᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ 2012 ᎪᎨᏱ Olympics ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎦᎳᏫᎢᏍᏗ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ 2002 ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ-2005, ᎠᎴ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ Pataki ᎡᏆᏯ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ criticized ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎲ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᎸ ᎯᎠ ᏅᎪᏢᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᏓᏁᎸᏔᏅ.[55][56]

ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏌᏃᏅᎯ ᎠᏲᏍᏔᏅ ᏓᏓᏁᎸ, ᏌᏊ, 7 ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ, ᎤᎭ ᎢᏤ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ Ameriprise ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ, Inc., ᎠᏗᏆᎳᏕᏲ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎢᎦᏪᏍᏗ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ Advisors ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏓᎪᎥᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎠᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ.[57] ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮭ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏂᏰᎸᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏔᏲᏍᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎠᎦᏘᏍᎬ ᎢᎬᏱᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ 2010, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎾᏗᏅᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ 7 WTC ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᎢᏤ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏩᏂᎨᎢ.

ᎤᏴᏢ ᏴᏩᏁᎬ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᎦ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ Ꮝ reopening. ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ 20% cutback ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᏂᎬᎢ exacerbated ᎠᏕᎸ ᏄᎾᏍᏛ ᏗᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ struggling ᎠᎹᏰᏟ airline ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ.[58]

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎨᏒᎩ evacuated ᎢᏧᏟᎶᏛ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ, ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗᏍᎩ Chicago ᎠᎴ Los Angeles, ᎭᏢᏃ ᏓᏓᏅᏓᏁᎸ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ Ꮝ ᎡᎳᏗᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎢᏳᏊ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ Ꮎ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ downtown ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏍᎦᏚᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᎧᎵᏏᏐᏗ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ.

ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ[edit]

ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 12 ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏜᏅᏛ: Manhattan ᎠᏰᏍᏛᏗ ᎡᏆ ᏧᎦᏒᏍᏗ ᎦᏅᏙᎬ

ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᎦᏴᎵ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯhilvsgi iyatvni ᎠᏓᎯᎯ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᎳᏫ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ asbestos, ᎦᏂ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎤᏩᎾᏕᏍᎩ dioxin ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᎸ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎴᏴᏒ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏦᎢ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ. ᎪᎯ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏗᏅᏒᎩ debilitating illnesses ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏍᏛ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ NYPD ᎠᏰᎵ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ James Zadroga. [59] ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎧᏁᏉᏛ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᏁᎳ, ᏙᎾᏕ ᎶᏆᏍᎩ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏧᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎯ ᎡᎳᏗᎨ Manhattan ᎠᎴ nearby Chinatown.[60]

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᏏᎾᏍᏛ ᎤᏝᏅᏓᏕᎲ Ꮎ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏨᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᎠᏓᎯᎯ ᎤᎾᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ pollutants ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏃᎴ dagatuwisdisgv ᎯᎠ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ WTC ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎿ fetal ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ. ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎪᎯ ᏰᎵᏊ ᏱᎩ ᎡᏍᎦ ᎢᎬᏁᎯ, ᎢᎦᏪᏛ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎤᏤᎵ environmental ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏊ analyzing ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᏂᏥ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏔᎷᎵ ᎾᎯᏳᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ WTC ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏂᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᎲ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏂᎬᎢ. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎵᏍᏕᎸᎯᏙᎯ ᎪᎯ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎣᏓᏅᏛ ᎠᎦᏛᏗ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏑᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᎴ ᏗᎵᏃᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏂᏥ ᏂᎦᎥᎢ ᏑᏓᎵ ᎢᏯᏅᏓ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏰᎸᏛᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎦᏎᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎫᎪᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᏙᎳᏩᏛᎲ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏰᎸ ᏄᏛᎿᏕᎬ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏗᏂᏲᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᏂᏥ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎢᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎦᎪ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᏄᏪᏍᏗ ᎤᎶᏐᏅ ᎯᎠ WTC ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ.

ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ[edit]

ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎥᏍᎩᏱ 2005
FEMA - 4211 - Photograph by Michael Rieger taken on 09-26-2001 in New York.jpg
Manhattan ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏨᏏ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ, ᎠᏤ ᏨᏏ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2004.

ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ ᎠᎴ heroes ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ. ᎢᎪᎯᏛ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎬ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏨᏍᏓᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎤᏕᏘᏱᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏐᏅᎢ. ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏎᎸ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ Keith Kaseman ᎠᎴ Julie Beckman KBAS ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏯᎩk ᎦᏚᎲᎢ.[61] ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏎᎸ ᎢᏳᎢ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎶᏒᎩ 2006. ᎭᏫᏂᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᏚᎷᏨ ᎤᏩᏌᏊ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ ᎤᏤᎵ Heroes ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ, 2002 ᎯᎳᎪ ᎢᏳ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏁᎸ ᎠᏃᏢᎯᏏᏍᎬ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎪᎯ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ restricted ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎥᎢᏒᎢ.

ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᎢᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎤᎳᏫᏛᏓ 93 ᎬᎾᏕᎾ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ, "ᎦᏁᎸ ᏗᏓᏂᏴᏗ," ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᏓᎴᏅᎢᏍᏗ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ Ꮝ ᎡᏆ ᎩᎦᎨ ᎦᏁᎸ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏗᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ Mecca. ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ, ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎨᏒ ᏴᏫ ᎤᏁᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᎳᏂᎬᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏚᏃᏣᎳᏅ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᏫᎵ ᎾᏍᏋ redesigned ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᎬᏂᏏᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏗᏓᏅᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎦᎵᏍᏗᏍᎬᎫ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎶᏗ Islam.

ᎠᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᎴᏅᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ 2006. ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏓᏠᏍᎬ ᎠᏤᎸ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏓᎪᏅᏙᏗᏱ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎨᏒ ᏅᏙᎲᏅ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ Michael Arad. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎨᏒᎢ utugi uwasv ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏛ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 2009.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏂᎪᎯᎸ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎠᏁᏍᎨᏓ ᏴᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ updated ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎢᏤ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᏙᏅᎯ. 911 Memorials ᎨᏒᎢ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ Ꮎ ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎨᎦᏃᏗ ᎯᎠ newest ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᏓᏓᏁᎳᏁ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᎥ ᏄᎾᏓᎸ, ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᏙᏱᏗᏢ ᎦᏚᎲ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᏍᎨᎲ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᏄᎾᏛᏅ ᎯᎠ ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏅᏅ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎤᏆᏓᏛ.

ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏟᏐᏗᎩ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᏅᏯ ᎨᏛᏍᏗ, ᏎᏍᏗ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11th ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ ᎠᏁᎳ ᎠᎴ ᏧᎾᎵᎢ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏫᏒᏗ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏕᎠᎲ, ᏛᏕᎶᏆᏍᎬ, ᎠᎴ charities ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏥᎸᏉᏗ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᏥᎨᏳᏒ ᎠᏂᏏᏴᏫᎭ. Template:Further


Media[edit]

ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

Victims

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

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ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]

Multimedia

ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ

  • CNN September 11 memorial - ᏙᎪᏩᎸ ᎠᏥᏐᏅᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ.
  • CNN.com - 'ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ-ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎤᏤᎵᏛ: ᏓᏄᏩ ᏗᎦᏘᎴᎩ ᎦᏂᏰᎬ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎲᎢ ᏄᏯᎩ'
  • Memorywiki - 9/11 ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ
  • ᏄᏯᎩ Metro.com - 9/11 ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏎᏍᏗ: ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ, ᎤᏲᏨᎯ, ᎠᏓᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᎥᏓᏗᏍᏕᎸᏗ, ᏓᏄᏩ, ᎠᏕᎳ, ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ, ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ, ᏧᎾᏍᏗᎢ, ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 11 ᎢᎦ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᏒ', ᏄᏯᎩ ᎢᏧᎳᎪᏗ