ᏗᎦᎭᎵ

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?ᏗᎦᎭᎵ
Fossil range: Jurassic - Recent
"Lacertilla", from Ernst Haeckel's Artforms  ᎤᏁᎳᏅ ᎤᏬᏢᏅ, 1904
Scientific classification
ᎴᎬᎾᎻ: gantlaiia
ᏆᎢᎳᎻ: Chordata
ᏗᎦᎪᏗ: Sauropsida
ᎣᎸᏙ: Squamata
Suborder: Lacertilia
Günther, 1867
ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ

Many, see ᏓᎵᏍᏛ.

ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ ᏍᏆᏅᏔ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᏓᏲᏔᎡᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎾᏛ(Ophidians). ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᏅᎩ-ᎠᏗᏌᏓᏗᏍᏗ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏎᎦᏤᏗ ᎦᎴᏂ ᏚᎵᏍᏚᎢᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏌᎳᏙᏗ eyelids. ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏍᏓᏅᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏔᎾ ᏂᎦᏅᎯᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎦᏲᎵ centimeters (ᎢᎦᏛ Caribbean gecko) ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏦᎢ ᎠᏎᎯᎯ (ᎪᎼᏙ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ).

ᎢᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎠᏓᎨᏗ ᎢᎾᏛ" ᎠᎴ "ᎠᏓᎨᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ" ᎤᎭ Ꮭ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏗᏂᏅᏍᎨᏂ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎢᎦᎢ skeletal ᎦᏅᏍᎨᏂ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ. ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏥᎸᏉᏗ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎢᎾᏛ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏙᎲᎩ eyelids ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎴᏂ. ᎯᎠ ᎦᏂᏓᏛ ᎠᏓᎨᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ, ᏫᎵ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ ᎢᎾᏛ.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᏰᎵᏇ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎦᏬᎯᎵᏴᏓ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ itsuwakodi ᏗᎳᏏᏙᏗ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏓᏙᎳᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏗ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏗᎦᏁᏟᏴᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ (ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏂᎬᎢ ᎯᎠ anole, ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ "ᎦᎵᏦᏕ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ" ᎠᎴ "chamele").

ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᎨᎳᏍᏙᏗ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏍᎧᏱ ᎠᎴ rodents. ᎦᏲᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ; ᎠᏓᏙᎳᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂᏯᎨ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ iguana, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᏗᏙᎳᏤᎩ ᎠᏓᏁᎳᏅᎯ gantlai ᏤᎵ. iyuwakodi ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᏝᏱᎪᎯᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏁᎵᏒ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏔᎵ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ: ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏆᏂ ᎠᏕᏅ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᎢ-ᎪᎱᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᏓᏛᏂ ᎩᎳ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᎢᏧᎳ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎠᏂᏍᏆᏂᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ southwest ᎠᎹᏰᎵ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏅᎠᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ Melbourne, ᏒᎳᏗᏝ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎩᏓᎵᏱ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ Ꮎ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏯᏛᎾ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ iguanians ᎠᎴ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ (ᏗᎦᎭᎵ) ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏯᏓᏁᎸ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ-ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏗᏍᎬ glands. ᎧᏂᎩᏛ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎳᏍᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏣᏘ ᎦᏂᏰᎩ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᎯᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᏄᏩᏁᎸ ᎷᏍᎦᏃᎵ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ, ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ injected ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᎢᎾᏛ. ᏐᏁᎳ toxins ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎾᏛ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏓ, ᎠᎴ ᏎᏍᏗ ᏧᏩᎫᏔᏅᏒ ᎤᏍᏆᏂᎪᏗ chemicals ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ.

ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᏫᏒ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏅᏓᏗᏍᏗ ᏓᏯᏂ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎧᎵᏬᎯ ᎠᏓᏃᎮᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ iyahdvnelidasdi ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎦᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ clade. "ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ Ꭺ ᎤᏩᎫᏗᏗᏒ ᏂᎬᎢ ᏧᎾᏍᏗ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎢᎾᏛ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎦᎾᏆᏘᏍᏗ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ," ᎠᏗᎭ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Greene, herpetologist ᎾᎾᎢ Cornell ᏗᏕᎶᏆᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏄᏍᎩ.

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬᎾ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ (ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎾᏰᎯᏯ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎯ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏓᎾᏎᏍᎬ ᎩᎬ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᏓᏍᎧᎷᏥ). ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᏓᎳᏍᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᎾᏄᎳᏗ ᎠᏲᎱᎯᏍᏗ; ᎯᎠ Komodo ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏓᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ganahlai. ᎯᎠ ᎩᎳ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ ᎠᎴ Beaded ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏗᏄᏬ ᏗᎦᏛᏗ ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏲᏨᎯ, ᏰᎵᏇ ᎠᎵᏖᎸᏗ ᏭᎶᏒᏍᏔᏅ ᎡᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏛ ᎠᏓᏍᎧᎷᏥ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᎬᏫᏳᎯ ᏓᏓᏛᎾᏍᏗᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎾᎿ ᎠᏂᏴᏫ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ; ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏛᎬᎢ predatorᎠᏍᎩᎾᏗᏍᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ; ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏓᏃᏣᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᏗᏓᏁᏟᏴᎡᏗ; ᎢᎦᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎵᏍᏓᏴᏗ (ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ, iguanas ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎺᎵᎨ); ᎠᎴ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ symbology ᏗᏁᎶᏗ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎢᏅᎯ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ ᎾᏓᏛᏂᏌᏁᎲ ᎠᏛᏁᎵᏍᎩ ᎤᏍᏆᎸᎡᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎥᎦᏔᎲᎢ(e.g. Tarrotarro ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Australian ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ).

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᏠᏗ ᏧᏪᏥ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎦᏲᎵ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᎴᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎤᏕᏅ. ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏰᎵᏇ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎠᏤᎯᏐᏗᏱ ᎤᎴᎾᎯᏛ ᎤᏩᏂᎦᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏂᏓᏛ.

ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ Scincomorpha ᏏᏓᏁᎸᎯ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ skink(ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᏌᎪᏂᎨ-ᎦᏛᎢ skink), ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎤᎭ ᎠᏨᏍᏛ, ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ ᏄᏓᎨᏒ Ꮎ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎦᏚᎵᏓ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᏂᎦᏛ ᏐᎢ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ, ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎧᏲᏗ-ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗᏱ ᎠᎴ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᏗᏓᏅᏗᏍᏙᏗ ᎠᎹ. ᏂᎦᏛ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏰᎵᏆ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎠᏓᏬᏍᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ, ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᏲᎵ (ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Nile ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ) ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎤᏦᎠᏎᏗ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ aquatic ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ.

ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ[edit]

ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏊ ᎦᎾᏗᏅᏓ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ ᎢᏧᎳᎭ ᏗᏂᏱᎴᎩ. ᎦᏲᎵ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ Iguanas, ᎠᎭᏄᎸᎯ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, ᏧᏓᎴᏅᏓ ᏗᎧᏃᏗ gecko, tegu, ᎠᎴ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎭᎵᏚᏙᎥ ᎦᏲᎵ. ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ, ᏗᎦᎭᎵ ᎧᏁᏍᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏙᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᏐᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎤᏓᏅᏗ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎢᎾᏛ ᎠᎴ tarantulas. ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏠᏱᎭ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏧᎾᏦᏯᏍᏗ, ᎠᏂᏁᎬ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎢᏳᏓᎵ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ ᏕᎦᏅᎦᎵᏍᎬ.

ᏗᏓᎴᎾᏔᏅ ᏗᎦᏘᏌᏅᎩ[edit]

ᎠᏢᏉᏛ ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ, Basiliscus plumifrons
ᎩᎳ ᏓᎦᏘᎴᎬ, Heloderma . suspectum
ᎢᏤ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᏡᎬ ᎠᏕᎶᎰᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᎭᎵ, Varanus prasinus

Suborder Sauria (Lacertilia) - (ᏗᎦᎭᎵ)

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]