ᎠᎺᏉᎯ

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ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎪᎲᎢ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᏭᏕᎵᏴ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ

ᎠᎺᏉᎯ (ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ Okeanos ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎪᎢ, ᎯᎠ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎪᎢ noticing ᎯᎠ ᎤᎳᏂᎩᏓ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ Ꮎ flowed ᎤᏣᏘᎾ Gibraltar ᎠᎴ ᏃᎵᏍᎬᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎡᏆ ᎤᏪᏴ) ᎫᏢᏗ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᏦᎢ ᎠᏂᎩᏄᏙᏗ (71%) ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏜ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 3,000 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ (9,800 ft) ᎠᏍᏛᎩ.

ᎪᎯ global, interconnected ᎠᏰᎸ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎹ, ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎨᏒᎢ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᎤᏂᏯᏙᎸ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎽᏰᎵ ᎾᎾᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏗᏒ ᏗᏂᏰᎸ, ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏔᏂᎢᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ: ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᏴ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᏗᎧᎸᎬ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎠᏴᏫᏯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎯᎠ ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏧᏴᏢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.

ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ, ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᎠᎴ ᏐᎢ ᏚᎾᏙᎥ.

Geologically, ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎫᏝᎢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎠᎹ. ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏌᎨᎢ ᏫᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᏨᏕᎨᏫ ᎠᎾᎵᏖᎸᎲᏍᎬ ᎦᏁᏰᎩ basalt Ꮎ ᏗᎫᏝᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏚ ᎠᏄᏬᏍᏗ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ Ꮭ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏙᎯ. ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎪᎯ ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᏗᎧᏃᏗᎢ, ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ "ᎠᎺᏉᎯ" ᎪᎯ ᎢᎦ: ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᎬᎿᎨ ᎠᎴ Caspian ᎠᎺᏉᎯ Ꮎ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎪᏢᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎸᎯ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᏘᎸᏍᏗ Cimmeria ᎬᏙᏗ Laurasia. ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ Ꮝ ᎣᏤᎵ "ᎠᎺᏉᎯ", ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ Gibraltar, ᎠᎴ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎣᏂ ᎦᏲᎵ ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎠᏓᏅᏏᏙᎠ ᎯᎠ ᎬᎿᎦᏍᏛ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏍᏚᏅᎩ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏰᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ, ᎠᏃᏢᏍᎬ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏅᎩᏁ "ᎠᎺᏉᎯ". (ᎯᎠ ᎬᎿᎨ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏰᎵ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ Bosporus, ᎠᎴ ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎢᏳᎵᏍᏙᏗ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎠᏰᎳᏍᏗ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎦᏙᎯ ᏅᏯ ᎢᎦᏛ 7,000 ᏧᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎢᏳ ᏥᎨᏒ, ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ ᎠᎬᎭᎸᏓ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᏯᏖᏃᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏰᎵ ᎤᏝᏅᏛ Gibraltar.)

ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ[edit]

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎠᎴ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᏔᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏦᎢ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎠᎴᏅᏗ ᏙᏧᏓᎴᏅ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏓᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᎹ Ꮎ ᎪᏢᎯ ᎢᎬᏁᎸᎯ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᏗᏟᏴ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎦᏃᏢᏥᏙᎯ ᏭᎵᏍᎨᏗᏴ. ᏌᏊ ᎨᏒᎢ outgassing ᎠᏥᎸ ᎦᏌᏙᏯᏍᎩ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ contributed ᎯᎠ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ ᎠᎴ, ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᏲᎵ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᏰᎲ ᏰᎵᏊ ᎢᎦᎢ ᏄᏁᏌᏴᏢ, ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎦᏍᎬ; ᏄᏓᎴ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ Ꮎ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎠᏥᎳᏢᏓᏥ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ impacted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏟᏌᏅᎯ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎠᎹ ᎾᏍᎩ.

ᏄᏓᎴ ᎪᎷᏩᏛᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ Ꮎ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎵᏰᏑᏍᏔᏬ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᏌᏓᏂ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎴ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ Ꮎ ᎠᎵᏰᏑᏍᏔᏬ melted ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ gravitated ᏫᏂᏚᏳᎪᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ,ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎿᏅ ᎡᎳᏗ. Stardust theories ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎢᎬᏱ ᏕᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎾᏓᏟᏌᎲ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᎠᏒᎾᏍᏗᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏰᏑᏍᏔᏬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᏗᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ.

ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ properties[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ 361 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ ᏅᎩ ᏧᏅᏏᏯ kilometers (139 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ sq ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ), Ꮝ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎨᏒᎢ 1,340 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ cubic kilometers (319 ᎢᏳᏆᏗᏅᏓ cu ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ), ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᎢᎦᏘᎭ ᎢᎬᏁᎸ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎨᏒᎢ 3,711 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ (12,175 ft). ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏍᏗ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎢᏴ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏜ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ 3,000 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ (9,800 ft) ᎠᏍᏛᎩ.[1] ᎪᎯ ᎾᏛᏁ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᏗᎵᎪᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ Caspian ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.

ᎯᎠ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ hydrosphere ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 1.4 ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ; 1021 ᏄᏓᎨᏒ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎬᏩᏚᏫᏛ 0.023% ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏂᎦᏛ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎦᏟᏌᏅ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ.

ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ[edit]

ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎡᏆ underwater ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎨᎦᏃᏗ. (1995, NOAA)

ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᏗᎬᏩᎶᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏥᏳ ᏕᎪᏪᎸ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎢᏳᏕᏘᏴᏓ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎢᏧᏩᎪᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᏉᏨᎯ underwater ᎡᏙᎵᏙᎲ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏰᎵᏊ.

ᎯᎠ deepest ᎪᏍᏓᏱ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ Marianas ᎦᏓᎷᎦᏅ ᎤᏂᎷᏨ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎷᏪᎢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎾᎥᏂᎨ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ Mariana ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎹᏰᎵ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᎭ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᎨ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ 10,923 ᎠᏎᎯᎯ (35,838 ft).[2] ᎾᏍᎩ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏂᎧᎵ surveyed ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1951 ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎩᎵᏏ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏗ ᏥᏳ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎦᏘᏯ, "Challenger ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ" ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏓᏁᎸ Ꮝ ᏚᏙᎥ ᎯᎠ deepest ᎢᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏓᎷᎦᏅ, ᎯᎠ "Challenger ᎠᏍᏛᎩ".

ᎤᏣᏘ ᎯᎠ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎬᎨᏫᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ unmapped. global ᎾᏍᎩᏯᎢ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ underwater ᏄᏍᏛ ᏗᎨᎦᏃᏗ ᎡᏆᎯᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ 10 kilometers (6 ᎠᏍᏆᏂᎪᏒᏗ) ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏢᏅᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1995 ᏚᎳᏏᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᎿ gravitational ᎠᎷᏚᎧᏘ ᎯᎠ nearby ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᏚᎢ.

ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ[edit]

ᏌᏊ ᎯᎠ ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎤᎾᏛᏁᎵᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᏙᏯᏗᎳ ᏄᏍᏗᏓᏅ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ: ᎤᎦᎾᏭ ᎠᏕᏲᎲ(ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏯᏅᎲ "ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ" ᎠᎴ "ᎦᏃᎸᎥᏍᎬ" ᎥᎵᏍᎦᏍᏙᏗᏍᎬ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎭᏢᏃ ᎯᎠ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᎵᏓᏍᏗ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ). ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗᏰᎵ ᎡᏆᏯ ᎦᎸᏉᏙᏗ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ ᎾᎥᎢ transferring ᎤᎦᎾᏩ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎤᏃᎴ ᎠᎴ ᏑᎾᎴᎢ ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎭᏢᏃ ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏫᏛᏓ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏅᎩᏨᎴ. ᎯᎠ ᏧᏁᏍᏓᎸ Circumpolar ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎪᎯᏳᏙᏗ Ꮎ ᎡᏆ ᎦᏙᎯ, influencing ᎯᎠ ᎡᏍᎦᏂ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎤᏴᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎦᎾᏮ ᎠᎴ ᏓᎾᎵᎪᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.

ᎤᎾᏙᏢᎯ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎣᏪᏅᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎤᏂᎪᏗᏗ ᎦᎪᏘ ᎠᎴ ᎦᏂᏝᎢ ᎥᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎾᎿ ᎡᎶᎯ. ᎾᏍᎩ ᎯᎠ lifeforms ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ:

ᎠᎵᏏᏅᏙᏗ[edit]

ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᏭᏕᎵᎬ ᎠᎹᏳᎸᏗ Ireland, ᏗᎧᎸᎬ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ.

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎴ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᎠᏂᎩᏍᏙᏗ: ᎤᎪᏗᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏥᏳ ᎠᏰᎵ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᏏᏅᏍᏗ. ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᏥᏳ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎦᏅᏅᎠ Lawrence Seaway, Panama ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ, ᎠᎴ Suez ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏍᎬ.

ᎤᏅᏌ ᎠᎴ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎵᏍᎨᏛ ᏗᏓᎴᎲᏍᎬ ᏧᎬᏩᎶᏗᏯ foodstuffs ᎾᎿ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᏑᎲᏍᎬ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ.

ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ[edit]

ᎦᏙᎯ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ ᎤᎭ reconfigured ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ, ᏧᏠᎯᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎤᏙᏢᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ. ᎯᎸᎯᏳᎢ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏛ:

Extraterrestrial ᎠᎺᏉᎯ[edit]

ᎡᎶᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏤᎶᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᎾ ᎠᎹ ᎾᎿ Ꮝ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎠᎴ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎤᏙᎯᏳᎯᏯ ᎯᎠ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏌᏊ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᏆᏤᎵ ᎣᏤᎵ ᏅᏓ ᎠᎴ ᏚᏓᏕᏫᏍᏛ. ᏱᏂᎬᏛᎾ, ᎦᎾ ᎠᎹ ᎨᏒᎢ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎯᎸᏍᎩ ᏂᎬᏩᏍᏛ ᎤᎾᏓᏡᎩ, ᎾᏍᎩᎾ ᎨᏒ ᎯᎠ Galilean ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ, Europa, ᎠᎴ, ᎬᏙᏗ ᎦᏲᎵᎨ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ, Callisto ᎠᎴ Ganymede. ᎤᏗᎴᎩ ᎠᎹ ᎦᎾᏄᎪᎬ ᎤᎭ ᏭᏪᏙᎢ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᎿ Enceladus. ᏐᎢ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᏒᏃᏱ ᎡᎯ ᏅᏙ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᎭ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ Ꮎ ᎤᎭ ᎾᏊ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ, ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ. ᎯᎠ ᎤᏚᎳᏗ ᎦᎵᏉᎩᏁ ᎠᎴ ᏧᏁᎵᏁ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏄᏩᎿᏅ ᎡᏆ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᎾ ᎠᎹ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎤᎭᎨᏛ ᎦᏃᎴᏍᎬ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎤᎾᏤᎵ ᎭᏫᏂ ᎠᏛᎯᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎠᏔᎴᏒ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎤᏬᎳᏨᎩ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎪᎯ ᎢᏳᏩᎪᏗ.

ᎾᎿᎢ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏊ ᎤᏣᏘ ᏗᏟᏴ ᏗᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎹᏏ ᏌᏊ ᎢᏳᏩᎫᏗ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎠᎹ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮝ ᎤᏴᏢ ᎢᏗᏢ ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ, ᎠᎴ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᏄᎵᏍᏔᏅᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎢᏳᏃ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏄᏛᏁᎸ; ᎾᏞᎬ ᎥᏩᏘᏍᎬ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ ᏓᎾᏩᏄᏁᎯ ᎤᏂᎦᏛᎲᏍᎩ ᏗᎦᏣᏄᎶ ᎤᎾᏣ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ ᎠᏓᏎᎮᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᏰᎲ ᎢᎦᏛ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ-ᎠᎴᏂᏍᎬ ᎠᏂᏙᎾᎥ ᎠᎹ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎾᎾᎢ ᎠᏂᎦᏲᎵ ᏌᏊ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ, ᎠᎴ Ꮝ ᏫᎬᏍᏗ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᏂᎨᏒᎾ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ.

ᎦᎾ hydrocarbons ᎨᏒᎩ ᏁᎵᏒ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎡᏙᎠ ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ, ᎤᏁᎳᎩ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏊ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎤᏟ ᎢᎦᎢ ᎧᎵ ᏗᏙᎳᎩ ᏄᏍᏛ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ ᎠᏂ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ "ᎥᏓᎵ" ᎤᏟ ᎬᏰᎸᏗ ᎬᎾᏬᏍᎬ "ᎠᎺᏉᎯ". Cassini-Huygens ᎤᏜᏅᏛ ᎨᏥᏅᏏᏓ, ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᏬᎭᏒᎩ ᎯᎠ Huygens ᎠᎦᏛᏗ onto ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏚᎢ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎤᏃᎸᏔᏂ 2005, ᎠᏩᏛᏗ Ꮎ ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏊ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᏯᏛᎿ ᎥᏓᎵ ᎠᎴ Ꮎ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎠᎾᏍᎬᏘ ᎤᏁᏉᎢᏍᏗ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏓᏲᎱᏎᏗ ᎠᏂ ᎠᏓᏅᏍᏗ. ᎤᏁᎫᏥᏛ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᏁᎵᏒ ᏄᏓᎷᎸᎾ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏒᏙᏂ ᎠᎹ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏟᏐᏗ ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎳ ᎠᎴ hydrocarbons Ꮎ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ Ꮝ outer ᎠᏰᎵ.

ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ[edit]

ᎯᎠ ᎠᎴᏅᏗᏍᎬ ᎠᏓᏅᏖᏗ "ᎠᎺᏉᎯ" ᎡᎪᎢ ᎦᏐᎯ ᎦᎵᏓᏍᏛ Mesopotamian ᎠᎴ Indo-European ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ, ᎢᏰᎵᏍᏗᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎾᏍᏋ encircled ᎾᎥᎢ ᎡᏆ ᎤᏪᏴ, Okeanos, "Ωκεανός" ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎠᎪᎢ, Samudra ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Hindu ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ (ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ Jörmungandr, ᎯᎠ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎢᎾᏛ ᎠᎴᏂᏙᎲ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Ꮎ outer ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ Norse ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ). ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᏁᎵᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᏋ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏔᏅ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᏗᎦᎸᎳᏗ, ᎠᎴ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ ᎯᎠ underworld ᎡᎳᏗᏢ (ᎤᏠᏱ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Rasā, ᎡᎶᎯ). ᎪᎯ ᎨᏒᎢ evidenced ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎯᎠ ᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᎬᏁᏗ Noah ᎤᏤᎵ ᎦᏃᎱᎩᏍᎬ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎼᏏ ᎤᏬᏪᎳᏅᎯ 7:11, ᎭᏢᏃ

ᏂᎦᏛ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹ ᎤᎾᏄᎪᎢᏍᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎡᏆ ᎠᏍᏛᎩ [were] ᎤᏲᏨᎯ ᎦᎸᎳᏗᏢ, ᎠᎴ ᎯᎠ ᏗᏦᎳᏅ ᎦᎸᎳᏗ ᏦᏒ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎠᏍᏚᎢᏒ (KJV),

inundating ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎹᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎡᎶᎯ ᎠᎺᏉᎯ (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᏓᏂᏝᏅ (ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ).

ᎯᎪᏩᏔ ᎾᏍᎦ ᎾᏍᏇ[edit]

ᏓᏓᏚᎬ ᎪᏪᎵ[edit]

ᏫᏓᏎᎸᎢ[edit]

Matthias Tomczak ᎠᎴ J. Stuart Godfrey. 2003. ᎤᏔᏂᏗ ᎦᏙᎯ Oceanography: ᎾᏛᏁᎸ. (ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ the site)

ᏙᏯᏗᏢ ᏗᏕᎬᏔᏛ[edit]